Only Half of Ear, Nose, Throat Infections Receive Recommended Antibiotics

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 -- In outpatient settings, only 50 percent of visits for pharyngitis, sinusitis, and acute otitis media (AOM) receive recommended first-line antibiotics, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Antimicrobial Agents...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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Intern Med. 2021 Sep 4. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.7999-21. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is often associated with peripheral neuropathy, but reports of central nervous system involvement are quite rare. We herein report a patient with EGPA first identified as having hypereosinophilia who later developed asthma, eosinophilic otitis media, sinusitis, and hemorrhagic colitis. She subsequently developed hemiparesis. Head magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple cerebral infarctions with subcortical and subarachnoid hemorrhaging colocalized at the bilateral border zon...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractA variety of underlying diseases can predispose infants and children to bacterial meningitis (BM). For the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of its recurrence, radiologists should be familiar with its predisposing conditions so that they can suggest the appropriate imaging approach. Predisposing conditions of BM can be broadly classified into two categories: infection spread from the adjacent tissue to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space and immunodeficiency. Diseases in the former category are further divided according to regardless of whether there is a structural defect between the CSF space and the adjacent ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Prim Care. 2021 Sep;48(3):517-530. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2021.04.006. Epub 2021 Jul 10.ABSTRACTAllergy is a broad topic encompassing common clinical allergic diseases, asthma, and complex immunodeficiencies. In this article, the authors discuss the most common allergic diseases and anaphylaxis and briefly review the current knowledge and management of food allergies, allergic rhinitis, otitis media, sinusitis, chronic cough, atopic dermatitis, urticarial and angioedema, contact dermatitis, allergic ophthalmopathy, drug allergy, latex allergy, and insect sting. Because the prevalence of allergic disorders continues to increase...
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Allergy is a broad topic encompassing common clinical allergic diseases, asthma, and complex immunodeficiencies. In this article, the authors discuss the most common allergic diseases and anaphylaxis and briefly review the current knowledge and management of food allergies, allergic rhinitis, otitis media, sinusitis, chronic cough, atopic dermatitis, urticarial and angioedema, contact dermatitis, allergic ophthalmopathy, drug allergy, latex allergy, and insect sting. Because the prevalence of allergic disorders continues to increase, it is increasingly important for physicians to stay up to date on most recent evidence-bas...
Source: Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Australian early-career GPs use "no prescribing" for ARTIs substantially more than established GPs, but, except for URTIs, still prescribe antibiotics in excess of validated benchmarks. They may use "delayed prescribing" more often than European GPs. They may use "delayed prescribing" to manage diagnostic uncertainty and, possibly, conflicting influences on prescribing behaviour. Consequently, the use of "delayed prescribing" may enable a transition to an environment of more rational antibiotic prescribing for ARTIs.PMID:34097641 | DOI:10.3399/BJGP.2021.0026
Source: The British Journal of General Practice - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Rev Argent Microbiol. 2021 Apr 16:S0325-7541(21)00041-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ram.2021.02.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTStreptococcus pneumoniae is an important causal agent of pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, bacteremia, and otitis media. Penicillin resistance rates in S. pneumoniae have remained stable in Argentina in the last years. In the late '90s more isolates with MIC of penicillin ≥2μg/ml were observed; however, their frequency has decreased in recent years. The phenotypic expression of penicillin resistance is due to a modification in penicillin-binding proteins associated with a mosaic structure in the coding ...
Source: Revista Argentina de Microbiologia - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Single-dose baloxavir and NAIs were superior to placebo to reduce complications in uncomplicated influenza, with 40% significant reduction in antibiotic prescription. Safety and efficacy of single-dose baloxavir was non-inferior to NAIs.PMID:33861168 | DOI:10.1080/17512433.2021.1917378
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
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