The Role of Childhood BMI in Predicting Early Adulthood Dysglycemia: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

Increased adiposity is associated with insulin resistance and glycemic disturbances. We aimed to determine whether childhood overweight or obesity are independent factors in predicting adulthood dysglycemia (prediabetes or type 2 diabetes).
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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In conclusion, endogenous ghrelin system could be considered as a new target or treatment for metabolism disorders, cardiac diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and tissue injuries.
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The majority of doctors will tell you that there is nothing you can do to reverse fatty liver and that health problems such as cirrhosis and liver failure may be in your future that they will address with the awful “solution” of liver transplant. The truth is the opposite: fatty liver is easily and readily reversible in virtually everybody, provided you take action before irreversible changes take place and are given the right information and tools. In this video, I discuss the three basic phenomena that drive fat deposition, liver damage, and inflammation that lead to this condition: Carbohydrate consumption ...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Open bowel flora carbohydrates carbs Inflammation NAFLD nash triglycerides undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Researchers here propose that the skin is a significant source of the systemic chronic inflammation that is observed in older individuals. Setting aside the range of other mechanisms that contribute to inflammation to only consider the accumulation of senescent cells with age, and the fact that these errant cells are a potent source of inflammatory signaling, this proposition doesn't seem unreasonable. The skin is a sizable organ, after all, and even if it produces senescent cells at much the same pace as the rest of the body, it will still represent a large and quite distributed pool of such cells, positioned to delivery ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
We previously conducted a randomized study comparing metabolic surgery to medical weight management (MWM) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and body mass index (BMI) 30-35 kg/m2. At three-year follow-up, surgery was very effective in T2D remission; furthermore, in the surgical group, those with a higher baseline soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) had a lower postop BMI.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) improves energy metabolism by combusting glucose and lipids into heat. Agonism of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) within the central nervous system activates BAT in mice. Moreover, in patients with type 2 diabetes, GLP-1R agonism lowers body weight and improves glucose and lipid levels, possibly involving BAT activation. Interestingly, people from South Asian descent are prone to develop cardiometabolic disease. We studied the effect of GLP-1R agonism on BAT in humans, specifically in South Asians and Europids without obesity or type 2 diabetes.
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Giuseppe De Luca, Monica Verdoia, Stefano Savonitto, Luca A. Ferri, Luigi Piatti, Daniele Grosseto, Nuccia Morici, Irene Bossi, Paolo Sganzerla, Giovanni Tortorella, Michele Cacucci, Maurizio Ferrario, Ernesto Murena, Girolamo Sibilio, Stefano Tondi, Anna Toso, Sergio Bongioanni, Amelia Ravera, Elena Corrada, Matteo MarianiAbstractBackgroundElderly patients are at increased risk of hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Frailty, comorbilities and low body weight hav...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with a primary condition. In this episode, host schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers with her cohost Gabe Howard will be discussing comorbidity with schizophrenia. Comorbidity is associated with worse health outcomes, more complex clinical management and increased health care costs. Occupational therapist and host of the podcast Occupied, Brock Cook, will be joining us to discuss ways that he works with people with schizophrenia to manage multiple health issues.  Highlights from “Comorbidity with Schizophrenia” Episode [01:28] What ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
Overnutrition and sedentary activity reinforce the growing trend of worldwide obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. However, we have limited insight into how food intake generates sophisticated metabolic perturbations associated with obesity. Accumulation of mitochondrial oxidative stress contributes to the metabolic changes in obesity, but the mechanisms and significance are unclear. In white adipose tissue (WAT), mitochondrial oxidative stress, and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) impact the endocrine and metabolic function of fat cells. The central role of mitochondria in nutrient handling sug...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Obesity is associated with the development of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The presence of chronic, low-grade inflammation appears to be an important mechanistic link between excess nutrients and clinical disease. The onset of these metabolic disorders coincides with changes in the number and phenotype of macrophages in peripheral organs, particularly in the liver and adipose tissue. Macrophage accumulation in these tissues has been implicated in tissue inflammation and fibrosis, contributing to metabolic disease progression. Recently, the concept has emerged that change...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Iron, an essential micronutrient, induces pathological conditions at cellular concentrations outranging physiological levels, such as exacerbation of alcoholic liver disease [1] and development and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) [2] that involve iron overloading. NAFLD is a common metabolic disorder associated with type 2 diabetes, obesity and the side adverse effects of some drug therapies [2,3]. Iron-induced liver pathology is associated with its involvement in oxidation-reduction processes leading to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), with the concomitant oxidative deterioration o...
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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