Prognostic impact of glioblastoma stem cell markers OLIG2 and CCND2

We investigated by immunohistochemistry the clinical significance and the evolution of Oligodendrocyte lineage transcription factor 2 (OLIG2) and cyclin D2 (CCND2) protein expression, two markers highly specific of glioma stem cells, on a cohort of human paired glioblastoma samples comparing initial resections with recurrent tumors after radiation therapy alone or radio ‐chemotherapy with temozolomide according to the Stupp regimen. Our study highlighted for the first time the prognostic value of high nuclear expression of CCND2 at initial surgery which is associated with early mortality and patients for whom nuclear expression of OLIG2 becomes low after adjuvant treatments have a significantly shorter time to recurrence and survival reflecting most probably a proneural to mesenchymal transition of the stem cells population. AbstractAimsGlioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and lethal malignant brain tumor in adults. Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are implicated in this poor prognosis and in radio(chemo ‐)resistance. We have previously demonstrated that among potentially highly specific GSC markers oligodendrocyte lineage transcription factor 2 (OLIG2) appears to be the most specific and cyclin D2 (CCND2) the only one related to cell cycle regulation. The purpose of this work was to investigate t he clinical significance and the evolution of OLIG2 and CCND2 protein expression in GBM.Methods and resultsImmunohistochemical expression analysis of Olig2 and Ccnd2 was carried out on...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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ConclusionspcPET tracers present potential utility in the differential diagnosis, estimation of prognosis, evaluation of recurrence and treatment planning in patients with glioma. These radiotracers may hold a complementary role in conjunction with advanced MRI techniques in the non-invasive grading of gliomas.
Source: Clinical and Translational Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Chen BS, Wang KY, Yu SQ, Zhang CB, Li GZ, Wang ZL, Bao ZS Abstract Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumor in adults with a high mortality rate. Low-grade gliomas progress to glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in the majority of cases, forming secondary GBM (sGBM), followed by rapid fatal clinical outcomes. Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type Z1 (PTPRZ1)-MET proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (MET) (ZM) fusion has been identified as a biomarker for sGBM that is involved in glioma progression, but the mechanism of gliomagenesis and pathology of ZM-negative sGBM has remained to be full...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In this study, the syngenic, orthotopic GL261 mouse glioma model was used to evaluate the effects of KD on the metabolic responses of the tumor using 7T magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy. GL261 cells were injected into the caudate nucleus of mice. Following implantation, animals were fed with standard chow or underwent a KD. 18 days after initiating the diet, mice fed with KD displayed significantly higher plasmatic levels of ketone bodies and survived longer than those fed with the standard diet. Decreased concentrations of gamma-aminobutyric acid, N-Acetyl-Aspartate and N-acetylaspartylglutamate were found i...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
In conclusion, we describe a straightforward ex vivo system mimicking the in vivo situation of the tumor mass and the normal brain in GBM patients. It reduces animal studies and allows for the direct and reproducible application of test drugs and the precise quantitation of their effects on the bulk tumor mass and on the tumor’s invasive properties.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, TMEM45A is an oncogenic gene in glioma. The proliferation, migration, and invasion of gliomas could be effectively impeded by inhibition of TMEM45A, and the cancer-promoting effect of TMEM45A on gliomas was involved with the NFκB pathway.
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Preclinical Reports Source Type: research
Radiotherapy is an important component of the treatment for primary and metastatic brain tumors. Due to the close proximity of critical structures and normal brain parenchyma, Central Nervous System (CNS) radiotherapy is associated with adverse effects such as neurocognitive deficits, which must be weighed against the benefit of improved tumor control. Advanced radiotherapy technology may help to mitigate toxicity risks, although there is a paucity of high-level evidence to support its use. Recent advances have been made in the treatment for gliomas, meningiomas, benign tumors, and metastases, although outcomes remain poor...
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
A registry of brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumor patients in Hong Kong comprising of data from both public and private neurosurgical practices (with approximately 98% patients of Chinese origin), suggested geographical or racial variations in disease incidence. The data confers the finding of a comparatively lower incidence rate of meningioma and malignant gliomas as in other parts of Southeast Asia. With data suggesting epidemiological difference, the treatment response, particularly in highgrade glioma, was studied. Patients suffering from glioblastoma (GBM) in Hong Kong received the standard of care, which inv...
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Using PET with the radiolabeled amino acid F-18 fluoroethyl-tyrosine (F-18-FET)...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: FET-PET can be useful for glioma evaluations FET-PET adds 'relevant' info to pediatric cancer cases SNMMI: FET-PET could have answers for brainstem glioma SNMMI: FET-PET aids pediatric brain cancer patients
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
This study has thus identified a simple transcriptome signature for GBM prognosis. PMID: 32931454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
u Intraoperative direct electrostimulation mapping (DEM) is currently the gold-standard for glioma surgery, since functional-based resection allows an optimization of the onco-functional balance (increased resection with preserved quality of life). Besides intrasurgical awake mapping of conation, cognition, and behavior, preoperative mapping by means of functional neuroimaging (FNI) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has increasingly been utilized for surgical selection and planning. However, because these techniques suffer from several limitations, particularly for direct functional mapping of subcortical whi...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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