Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4263: Determination of Vehicle Trajectory through Optimization of Vehicle Bounding Boxes Using a Convolutional Neural Network

Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4263: Determination of Vehicle Trajectory through Optimization of Vehicle Bounding Boxes Using a Convolutional Neural Network Sensors doi: 10.3390/s19194263 Authors: Seong Song Yoon Kim Choi In this manuscript, a new method for the determination of vehicle trajectories using an optimal bounding box for the vehicle is developed. The vehicle trajectory is extracted using images acquired from a camera installed at an intersection based on a convolutional neural network (CNN). First, real-time vehicle object detection is performed using the YOLOv2 model, which is one of the most representative object detection algorithms based on CNN. To overcome the inaccuracy of the vehicle location extracted by YOLOv2, the trajectory was calibrated using a vehicle tracking algorithm such as a Kalman filter and intersection-over-union (IOU) tracker. In particular, we attempted to correct the vehicle trajectory by extracting the center position based on the geometric characteristics of a moving vehicle according to the bounding box. The quantitative and qualitative evaluations indicate that the proposed algorithm can detect the trajectories of moving vehicles better than the conventional algorithm. Although the center points of the bounding boxes obtained using the existing conventional algorithm are often outside of the vehicle due to the geometric displacement of the camera, the proposed technique can minimize positional errors and extract the optim...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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