Adiposity and Cardiovascular Risk in Children and Adolescents: Implications of the Amount of Fat Carried and Where

Obesity has reached the pandemic level. It has dramatically increased over recent decades and is now one of the most important public health problems facing both urban and rural areas.1 Among youths, the worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen by 47.1% since 1980.2 Pediatric obesity is associated with comorbidities affecting the cardiovascular (CV), pulmonary, endocrine, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal systems,3 and it seems to be the predominant cause of conditions such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, inflammation, and steatohepatitis.
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

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Source: Nursing Made Incredibly Easy - Category: Nursing Tags: CE Connection Source Type: research
BP control is important for overall health and reduced mortality secondary to cardiovascular disease. Find out how teaching your patients about mindfulness can help.
Source: Nursing Made Incredibly Easy - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: CE Connection Source Type: research
Is the seated saline infusion test an accurate means of determining primary aldosteronism subtypes? How does it compare with other tests?Clinical Endocrinology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology Journal Article Source Type: news
TYPE 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that requires a person to overhaul aspects of their lifestyle to keep rising blood sugar levels in check. Diet plays a decisive role in regulating blood sugar and warding off the threat of developing serious conditions and evidence is increasingly singling out certain items for their blood sugar-lowering benefits, including a certain fruit.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Background Diabetes mellitus predicts poorer outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the magnitude of this association in patients at older ages remains controversial. Methods Data were extracted from the Codi Infart database. All consecutive patients with diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2010 and 2015 were included. We assessed the impact of diabetes mellitus on 30-day and one-year mortality in patients aged less than and at least 75 years. Results A total of 12 792 cases were registered, of whom...
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Conclusion: Sirolimus-eluting Stentys stent may represent a potential solution for specific coronary anatomies such as bifurcation, ectasic, or tapered vessels. Risk of stent thrombosis appears related to clinical presentation with STEMI and to anatomic features, stressing the importance of the use of intracoronary imaging for self-expandable stents implantation.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Background We hypothesized that the transition from bare-metal stents (BMS) to newer generation drug-eluting stents (n-DES) in clinical practice may have reduced the risk also in patients with kidney dysfunction. Methods: Observational study in the national SWEDEHEART registry, that compared the 1-year risk of in-stent restenosis (RS) and stent thrombosis (ST) in all percutaneous coronary intervention treated patients(n = 92 994) during 2007–2013. Results: N-DES patients were younger than BMS, but had more often diabetes, previous myocardial infarction, previous revascularization and were more often treated w...
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Obesity has attained pandemic proportions across the world, and its prevalence in developing countries is also on the rise. Nevertheless, there is still a large gap in understanding the reasons behind a disproportionately high prevalence of diabetes as opposed to a lesser degree of obesity seen in individuals of South Asian origin. This research letter highlights the importance of identifying individuals with normal weight obesity, which may partially bridge this knowledge gap. METHODS: We reviewed recently published evidence on normal weight obesity. FINDINGS: Normal weight obesity is ...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bariatric surgery appears to be capable of partially reversing the obesity-related epigenome. The identification of potential epigenetic biomarkers predictive for the success of bariatric surgery may open new doors to personalized therapy for severe obesity. Introduction Obesity is currently a huge healthcare problem, worldwide, and is a risk factor for several diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease and cancer (1). As the prevalence of obesity reaches pandemic proportions, this metabolic disease is estimated to become the biggest cause of mortality in the near future (2). In fact,...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: T2DM causes a variety of macrovascular complications through different pathogenetic pathways that include hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance. The association between T2DM and cardiovascular disease is clear, but we need more clinical studies in order to identify the pure effect of T2DM. PMID: 30961498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
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