Symptomatic vs. Asymptomatic 20 –40% Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis: Does the Plaque Size Matter?

Background: Around 9–15% of ischemic strokes are related to internal carotid artery (ICA)-stenosis ≥50%. However, the extent to which ICA-stenosis
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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We report a case of an 84-year-old male patient with anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy secondary to giant cell arteritis, with bilateral occlusion of the vertebral arteries manifested with nonspecific neurological signs, detected during the ultrasound scan of the cervical arteries. The rarity of this case lies in the reasonably good outcome at the three-month and six-month follow-up and the absence of temporal artery involvement, despite the severe vertebral artery affection with bilateral occlusion. PMID: 31575840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Acta Reumatol Port Source Type: research
We examined the relation between the presence of bilateral ICAS as well as the degree and length of stenosis and ipsi-, contralateral as well as mean white matter lesion load (MWMLL). Methods: In a retrospective cohort, patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) as well as ipsi- and/or contralateral ICAS were identified. The length and degree of ICAS, as well as plaque morphology (hypoechoic, mixed or echogenic), were assessed on ultrasound scans and if available, the length was also measured in the magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and/or digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The WMLs were asses...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Yolanda Benito1, Pablo Martinez-Legazpi1*, Lorenzo Rossini2, Candelas Pérez del Villar1, Raquel Yotti1, Yolanda Martín Peinador3, Daniel Rodríguez-Pérez4, M. Mar Desco4, Constancio Medrano1, Jose Carlos Antoranz4, Francisco Fernández-Avilés1, Juan C. del Álamo2,5 and Javier Bermejo1 1Department of Cardiology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón and CIBERCV, Madrid, Spain 2Department of Mechanical and Aerospace ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggests that lesion patterns observed from DWI of patients with PFO and SIAD might provide clues to the etiology of infarcts. Single lesions (cortical or subcortical) might be a typical feature of PFO associated strokes, while multiple lesions in one vascular territory might be a specific feature of SIAD associated strokes. Introduction Both patent foramen ovale (PFO) and spontaneous intracranial artery dissection (SIAD) are important stroke risk factors, especially in young and middle-aged adults (1–3). About 25% of patients with ischemic stroke are cryptogenic (4), and PFO is pr...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular event...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
I was shown this ECG with no other information:What do you think?Hint: try to see through the artifact!I answered immediately: " High lateral MI with posterior MI. OMI. " (Occlusion Myocardial Infarction)I asked, " Did the patient present with chest pain? "Here is the history:" A middle-aged male complained of about 18 hours of epigastric pain that radiated to the chest.  He also had an apparently new facial droop of equal duration.  A stroke code was called, NIH stroke scale was only 1, and attention was turned to the chest pain. "  BP was 148/83.How did I make this ECG diagnos...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Stroke is an uncommon but serious potential complication of pregnancy. The management of acute ischemic stroke in pregnant women remains a complex challenge that extends beyond the limits of clinical trial evidence. Patient 1 was a 29-year-old woman 27 weeks into her first pregnancy, without remarkable past medical history or vascular risk factors. She was admitted 1 h after sudden onset of a left total anterior circulation syndrome (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score of 23). CT and angio-CT scans were normal. Thrombolysis was performed, with mild clinical improvement. Brain MRI showed multi-territoria...
Source: Case Reports in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsDoppler ultrasound in our neurosonology laboratory was found to be a useful diagnostic tool for detecting cervical carotid artery stenosis and demonstrated superiority to carotid duplex despite the lack of B-mode. Furthermore, this technique was found to be useful for detecting intracranial stenosis.ResumenIntroducciónLa detección de estenosis arterial cervical e intracraneal es fundamental en el estudio del ictus isquémico, al ser el origen aterotrombótico el más prevalente en nuestro entorno. La ultrasonografía se ha convertido, por su accesibilidad y fiabilidad, en la...
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard technique in establishing the diagnosis of neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS). The diagnostic value of cranial ultrasound scanning in this clinical context is controversial. We aimed to assess the current sensitivity of the cranial ultrasound scan (CUS) in detecting NAIS, as this issue has not been well described in the literature. Newborns with NAIS diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging between 2010 and 2016 were included. All CUSs were blindly analyzed retrospectively by a neonatologist expert in neuroimaging and compared with the findings of non-expert evaluators r...
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Clinical Note Source Type: research
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