Attenuation of diabetic cardiomyopathy by relying on kirenol to suppress inflammation in a diabetic rat model.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of kirenol against DCM and underlying the potential mechanisms in a type 2 diabetes mellitus model. Kirenol treatment significantly decreased high glucose-induced cardiofibroblasts proliferation and increased the cardiomyocytes viability, prevented the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and further attenuated cardiomyocytes apoptosis, accompanied by a reduction in apoptosis-related protein expression. Kirenol gavage could affect the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner but not lower lipid profiles, and only decrease fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin and mean HbA1c levels in high-dose kirenol-treated group at some time-points. Left ventricular dysfunction, hypertrophy, fibrosis and cell apoptosis, as structural and functional abnormalities, were ameliorated by kirenol administration. Moreover, in diabetic hearts, oral kirenol significantly attenuated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase subfamily and nuclear translocation of NF-κB and Smad2/3 and decreased phosphorylation of IκBα and both fibrosis-related and apoptosis-related proteins. In an Electrophoretic mobility shift assay, the binding activities of NF-κB, Smad3/4, SP1 and AP-1 in the nucleus of diabetic myocardium were significantly down-regulated by kirenol treatment. Additionally, high dose significantly enhanced myocardial Akt phosphorylation without intraperitoneal in...
Conclusions: Our findings provide new evidence on patterns of behavioral modification in a population-based sample of Latinos diagnosed with chronic health conditions. Findings suggest the need to promote language and culturally relevant initiatives to increase the adoption of health-enhancing behaviors and improve chronic disease management among Spanish-speaking Latinos.
Journal of Medicinal Food, Ahead of Print.
Compared with placebo, critically ill, vitamin D-deficient patients did not appear to gain any benefit from receiving high-dose vitamin D in the ICU.Medscape Medical News
CONCLUSION: polypharmacy study becomes an opportunity to guide the strategies for the patient safety to promote the medication without harm in chronic diseases. PMID: 31826159 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Single male adolescents with lower level of education and high glycated hemoglobin levels were more likely to have lower health-related quality of life. PMID: 31826155 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: MS was significantly associated with IMT and the presence of carotid plaque and with positively increased risks of MI, stroke, and CVD mortality independent of CVD risk factors in older Chinese adults. PMID: 31826385 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron homeostasis abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance (IR), but studies on such associations in children and adolescents are limited and have contrasting results. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between indicators of iron status and IR, and assesse if there are sex disparities in these associations. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We selected data of 689 children and adolescents (367 boys and 322 girls) aged 6-18 years in the analysis. Serum ferritin, transferrin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels were determined. The level...
CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis identified a significant association between high serum copper and HF. PMID: 31826374 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: There were no statistically significant differences in the postoperative walking capacities of patients receiving a carbohydrate drink or pure water; only the nitrogen balance on postoperative day 3 was higher for patients receiving the carbohydrate drink. PMID: 31826369 [PubMed - in process]
Pacific Diabetes Technologies is building a combined infusion set and continuous glucose monitoring sensor for people with diabetes.