1607PDeprescribing potentially inappropriate medication in cancer patients

ConclusionsOur findings show that oncologists and physicians have a rational approach to deprescription in patients suffering from cancer with short-term (pancreatic and lung cancer) respectively long-term (breast and prostate cancer) survival rates. However, several patients were continuing potential inappropriate medications in the terminal stage of cancer.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Authors: El Menshawe SF, Nafady MM, Aboud HM, Kharshoum RM, Elkelawy AMMH, Hamad DS Abstract The current study aimed to encapsulate fluvastatin sodium (FVS), a member of the statins family possessing pleiotropic effects in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), into spanlastic nanovesicles (SNVs) for transdermal delivery. This novel delivery could surmount FVS associated oral encumbrances such as apparent first-pass effect, poor bioavailability and short elimination half-life, hence, accomplishing platform for management of RA. To consummate this objective, FVS-loaded SNVs were elaborated by thin film hydration method, utilizi...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study demonstrates the concept of combining docetaxel with the biodegradable microparticles at the point of care is technically feasible for achieving an effective drug-device combination tissue scaffold. This approach could provide an effective new approach for delivering adjuvant chemotherapy following radical prostatectomy. PMID: 31735095 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
In this study, a redox-sensitive CPT-OA conjugate containing the disulfide bond (CPT-SS-OA) was used to deliver the lactone-stabilized CPT for the improved antitumor efficacy. A non-sensitive CPT-OA was used as control to illuminate the role of disulfide bond. Both CPT-SS-OA and CPT-OA formulated in cremophor EL micelles (CM) displayed multiple therapeutic advantages: small diameter (∼14 nm), efficient cellular internalization, prolonged blood circulation, and favorable biodistribution. However, only CPT-SS-OA/CM achieved the superior chemotherapeutic efficacy over CPT solution in the Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cancer ...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Zan Y, Dai Z, Liang L, Deng Y, Dong L Abstract Sorafenib (SOR) is a multi-kinase inhibitor that was approved as the first-line systematic treatment agent of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the anti-cancerous effect of SOR is dramatically impaired by the drug resistance, insufficient accumulation at tumor tissues, and limited tumor inner penetration. To combat the above issues, the PLA-based nanoparticles were first fabricated and co-loaded with SOR and plantamajoside (PMS), natural herbal medicines that possess excellent anti-cancerous effect on many types of drug resistant cancers. Then, the poly...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Fang W, Peng ZL, Dai YJ, Wang DL, Huang P, Huang HP Abstract Realgar and (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) are natural medicines that inhibit cancer cell growth, resulting in inhibition of formation and development of tumors. The anticancer effects of realgar and EGCG were greatly improved following formulation as nanoparticles. EGCG has received increased attention as a drug carrier. The aim of this study was to prepare a new nanomedicine, (EGCG-RNPs), in which encapsulated nano-realgar. EGCG-RNPs were prepared by coprecipitation and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), differentia...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Florentin M, Kostapanos MS, Anagnostis P, Liamis G Abstract Introduction: Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with both the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) when mild-to-moderate and high risk of pancreatitis when more severe. The residual CVD risk after low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering is, in part, attributed to high triglyceride (TG) levels. Therefore, there appears to be a need for effective TG-lowering agents.Areas covered: This review presents the most recent advances in hypertriglyceridemia treatment; specifically, it discusses the results of clinical trials and critical...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Abstract Discriminative identification of homologous miRNAs in miRNA family with high specificity and sensitivity is crucial for accurate classification, diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer. Herein, we report a reliable, sensitive, and selective assay by coupling fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) with cascade signal amplification. The strategy is developed by designing two programmable DNA probes that can be triggered to shift from "off" to "on" state in a cascade hybridization reaction in the presence of target miRNA let-7a, leading to the generation of an amplified signal. Th...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
Abstract Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was associated with many human diseases, therefore, SNP detection was important for early diagnosis and clinical prognosis. Herein, a simple and accurate method for visual detection SNP sites (A/A, G/G, A/G) in CYP1A1 gene related to cancers based on colloidal gold nucleic acid strip biosensor and primer-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was established. This method could directly distinguish SNP sites on strip biosensor by introducing twice PCR amplifications. The second PCR (primer-specific PCR) was performed using specific product of the first PCR as template...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
Abstract Nowadays, heterocyclic compounds act as a scaffold and are the backbone of medicinal chemistry. Among all of the heterocyclic scaffolds, 1,4-Dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) is one of the most important heterocyclic rings that possess prominent therapeutic effects in a very versatile manner and plays an important role in synthetic, medicinal, and bioorganic chemistry. The main aim of the study is to review and encompass relevant studies related to 1,4-DHP and excellent therapeutic benefits of its derivatives. An extensive review of Pubmed-Medline, Embase and Lancet's published articles was done to find all relev...
Source: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Mini Rev Med Chem Source Type: research
UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
Source: Urologic Clinics of North America - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
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