291TiPCorrelation between the density of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes, immune cell subsets in tumour stroma and response to systemic therapy in breast cancer

AbstractBackgroundThe density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) is a predictive factor for response to neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NAST) in breast cancer. High TIL density correlates with higher complete pathologic remission (pCR) in triple negative and HER2 positive breast cancer. Additionally, not only TIL density but also subsets of immune cells in tumor stroma seem to play an important role in cancer and immune cell interaction and response to chemotherapy. Our aim is to determine TIL density and expression of CD 20, CD3, CD8, PD-L1, FOXP3 and PGM1 on core biopsy specimen and find a correlation with pCR.Trial designWe will conduct a prospective study on early breast cancer patients (n  = 180) treated with NAST. Patients with breast tumor>2  cm will be suitable. All patients will underwent mammography, MR of breast, core biopsy of breast tumor, implantation of radiopaque marker into tumor, axillary ultrasound and fine needle biopsy of suspect nodes, CT scan of thorax and abdomen and bone scintigraphy. On core biopsy specimen histolog ic type, grade, estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER 2 status and MIB-1 will be determined. Additionally, TIL density will be determined on stromal part of tumor on H&E slides in accordance with International TIL Working Group. TIL density will be defined as the percentage of lymphocytes in tumor stroma: as a continuous variable and as two categories: low (0-59%) or high (60-100%). Immunohistochemical detect...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, preoperatively diagnosed non-mass-type DCIS represented an underestimation in approximately 27% of cases. In particular, the presence of a clinically abnormal palpation increases the chance of upstaging to invasive cancer. PMID: 32454975 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
This article describes the breast cancer statistics in Korea, including the incidence, type of surgical procedure, stage, and molecular subtype, using the Korean Breast Cancer Society (KBCS) and Korea Central Cancer Registry data. There were a total of 26,534 new breast cancer diagnoses in 2017 in Korea, of which 4,139 were carcinoma in situ cases and 22,395 were invasive cancer cases. The age standardized rate of breast cancer was 75.3 per 100,000 women in 2017 (63.0 of invasive carcinoma and 12.3 of carcinoma in situ), and it has been steadily increasing across all age groups. Breast cancer occurred most commonly in the ...
Source: Journal of Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Breast Cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Community-detected breast cancers were associated with increased government and out-of-pocket costs. Implications for public health: These costs should be considered when evaluating current and alternative breast cancer screening strategies. PMID: 32311194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MBC has increasing incidence. PR-negative status was associated with better overall survival and disease-free interval. Indications to radiotherapy and hormonal therapy need standardization and will benefit from prospective randomized control trials. PMID: 32147980 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBreast Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) is an increasingly common diagnosis and already accounts for ~20% of screen-detected breast cancers. A subset of patients with DCIS will experience disease recurrence and some will die from breast cancer. Tailored strategies for treatment are lacking at this time. Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) is a tumor associated antigen that is shown to correlate with poorer outcomes among patients with early breast cancer, including DCIS. Significant interactions between the humoral and cellular branches of the immune system were observed in tumorigenesis...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of CTSV in DCIS. METHODS: CTSV protein expression was immunohistochemically assessed in a well-characterised and annotated cohort of DCIS comprising pure DCIS (n=776) and DCIS coexisting with IBC (n=239). CTSV expression was analysed in tumour cells and surrounding stroma, including its association with clinicopathological parameters and outcome. RESULTS: In pure DCIS, high CTSV expression was observed in 29% of epithelial tumour cells and 20% of surrounding stroma. High expression in both components was associated with features of poor prognosis inc...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pathol Source Type: research
ConclusionThis demonstrates procoagulant phenotypic changes occur in fibroblasts at the preinvasive stage. Fibroblast procoagulant phenotype is associated with aggressive breast cancer subtypes and reduced survival. Coagulation may be a therapeutic target in breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusions: Targeting mTORC1 can inhibit DCIS progression to IDC via MMP9 and may be a potential strategy for DCIS or Early-Stage IDC therapy. PMID: 31871301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsLuminal A tumor was the most prevalent subtype, while HER2-positive was the least prevalent. Luminal A tumors were mostly associated with lobular carcinomas. HER2-positive and triple negative tumors showed higher histological grade and larger tumor size at the time of diagnosis. These tumors were commonly found in women below the age of 50 years. Carcinoma-in-situ was less prevalent in HER2-positive tumors. Furthermore, a strong association was observed between axillary lymph node status and molecular subtypes.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractThe risk of radiotherapy-induced malignancies (RIMs) is a concern when treating Li –Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) or Li–Fraumeni Like (LFL) patients. However, the type ofTP53 pathogenic germline variant may possibly influence this risk.TP53 p.R337H mutation is particularly prevalent in Brazil. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients with pathogenicTP53 variants treated for localized breast cancer in a Brazilian cohort. We evaluated retrospectively a cohort of patients with germlineTP53 pathogenic variants treated for localized breast cancer between December 1999 and October 2017. All patients were follo...
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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