1112PDEfficacy evaluation of optimal patient selection for hypopharyngeal cancer organ preservation therapy using MRI-derived radiomic signature: Bi-institutional propensity score matched analysis

ConclusionsThe RS-based model provides a novel to predict 1-year LRF and survival in patients with HPSCC who received OPT. The prediction performance discrepancy of MRI-derived RS in TLC also emphasizes the role of TL in RS-high risk group.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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The role of organ preservation with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in cases of locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) has been well-established by multiple prospective randomized trials [1 –4]. However, in the intervening decades since the initial publication of the VA Larynx trial, survival for LSCC has declined [5]. Several large retrospective analyses have suggested that, in broader clinical practice, larynx preservation is associated with worse overall survival (OS) when compare d to total laryngectomy (TL), especially among patients with T4a disease [6–8].
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that HPV status may be a prognostic factor in patients with T4a LSCC. Further, it supports further investigation into the usefulness of HPV status as a selection factor for larynx preservation with CRT in these patients. PMID: 31174105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions In the span of a very short time—less than a decade—robotic head and neck surgery has transformed the management of the head and neck cancer, and it seems clear that the future of treatment for these cancers lies in a multimodal approach in which TORS is likely to play an important role. Nevertheless, it is important to keep in mind that the current indications for TORS are limited and long-term data on the safety and oncological outcomes are needed to better understand the true role of TORS in treatment of head and neck cancer. Nonetheless, the emergence of ever more advanced robotic instruments i...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We describe the case of a 62-year-old gentleman who underwent primary resection and adjuvant radiation therapy for supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma who subsequently underwent salvage total laryngectomy with pectoralis major muscle flap reconstruction. During a later esophageal dilation for complaints of dysphagia, a new exophytic lesion of the hypopharynx was biopsied on endoscopy. The lesion was excised via transoral robotic surgery with final pathology revealing squamous cell carcinoma completely confined to the skin paddle of the pectoralis flap and arising from the epidermis of the skin flap. No further therapy was...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Summary Introduction: Since the beginning of the 1990s, non-surgical radiochemotherapy treatment has become popular with the prospect of maintaining oncological results and preserving the organ in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx. However, subsequent studies demonstrated increased recurrence and mortality after the non-surgical treatment became popular. Objective: To compare the oncological results of surgical and non-surgical treatments of patients with larynx and hypopharynx cancer and to evaluate the variables associated with disease recurrence. Method: This is a retrospective...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is a low incidence of thyroid gland involvement in laryngeal carcinoma. Most cases of gland involvement occurred by direct extension. Thyroidectomy during laryngectomy should be considered for advanced stage tumours with cartilage invasion. PMID: 28592347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: TL extended to pharynx (with eventual postoperative radiotherapy) offers good oncological results in terms of loco-regional control and survival in locally advanced hypopharyngeal cancer, so organ preservation protocols should achieve similar oncological results to those shown by TL. PMID: 28110860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp Source Type: research
Conclusion Primary TL/TPL remains the gold standard treatment for T4 larynx or hypopharynx cancer. It provides satisfactory oncologic and functional outcomes.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionOur overall survival, disease specific survival and disease free survival findings are in accordance with previous studies. With the purpose of identifying recurrent tumor, we suggest extra attention being given to patients with higher N classification and need for lymph node excision during salvage total laryngectomy along with use of frozen sections. The high number of patients with recurrence within one year after salvage total laryngectomy occurred although thorough and regular follow‐up visits were performed.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Definite role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced larynx/laryngopharyngeal cancer as organ preservation therapy. The efficacy found was quite similar and improved response in both groups except toxicity profile of Group B more severe, requiring the use of colony stimulating factors and supportive care along with.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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