Yes, nanoscience can enhance humans – but ethical guidelines must be agreed

People 'enhanced' into spider-climbing individuals with hugely projected breasts and Einstein-brains… Where will it stop?Engineers are trained to try to figure out how to achieve things that humans cannot and in nanoscience and nanotechnology that challenge is no different.Many of the most exciting advances in the field try to improve human incapacities with things such as memory, hearing, stamina or intellect. In my field of nanomedicine, the notion of human enhancement is, in a lot of cases, a way to deal with disease: enhancing vision, cognitive functions or improving a person's ability to move independently.I have always found the relationship between technology and its use to "aid" or "enhance" human capability intriguing because there is a fine line beyond which all kinds of ethical alarms go off. Where does human enhancement against true pathological conditions or disabilities end?Thoughts like these were on my mind last autumn on a plane to Taiwan, when I watched the latest movie version of one my favourite comic-book heros, Spider-man. The main character, a very normal, scientifically talented and altruistic teenager (who truly wants to save the world) is bitten by an experimental transgenic spider, which results in his transformation into a man-spider hybrid. This concept is a classic method used in science fiction to explain the creation of characters with super-human powers. Interestingly, the transformation almost always occurs after ex...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Blogposts Biology guardian.co.uk Medical research Nanotechnology Human biology Science Source Type: news

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This article is part of a series of stories on Disability inclusion.The post Children and Women with Disabilities, More Likely to Face Discrimination appeared first on Inter Press Service.
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Gender Global Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Disability rights Source Type: news
AbstractThis introduction provides an overview to a special issue on Critical Healing, which draws on queer theory, disability studies, postcolonial theory, and literary studies to theorize productive engagements between the clinical and cultural aspects of biomedical knowledge and practice. The essays in this issue historicize and theorize diagnosis, particularly diagnosis that impacts trans health and sexuality, homosexuality, and HIV/AIDS transmission. The essays also address racialization, disability, and colonialism through discussions of fiction, film, theoretical memoir, and comics, as well as biomedical discourse and knowledge.
Source: Journal of Medical Humanities - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research
Stigma across HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability can be co-occurring and may interact with other forms of stigma related to social identities like race, gender, and sexuality. Stigma is especial...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: Journal of Transport &HealthAuthor(s): Carolyn A. Unsworth, Julian Chua, Anjum Naweed, Prasad Gudimetla, Toan D. Nguyen, David G. BarnesAbstractPublic transport is designed to move people efficiently and affordably around their communities. Millions of people internationally with disabilities rely on public transport every day to connect them to services, work, educational and social events. Many of these people attempt to board public transport using a powered mobility aid (such as an electric wheelchair, mobility scooter, or gopher) and this number is expected to...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
July 25, 2018Close to 800,000 Zambians received HIV services —including testing, counseling, antiretroviral therapy (ART), tuberculosis screening, and more—through IntraHealth International’sHTC Project, which for five years focused on serving clients who are often the most difficult (and crucial) to reach.Throughout 2012 –2018, the project provided HIV care and services to female sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgendered individuals, prison inmates, couples, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers, adolescent girls and young women, adolescent boys and young men, cross-border traders, seasona...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
July 25, 2018Close to 800,000 Zambians received HIV services —including testing, counseling, antiretroviral therapy (ART), tuberculosis screening, and more—through IntraHealth International’sHTC Project, which for five years focused on serving clients who are often the most difficult (and crucial) to reach.Throughout 2012 –2018, the project provided HIV care and services to female sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgendered individuals, prison inmates, couples, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers, adolescent girls and young women, adolescent boys and young men, cross-border traders, seasona...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: We provide the first estimates on cost and cost-effectiveness of PrEP in the Asia-Pacific region, and offer insights on how to deliver PrEP in combination with ART. While the high drug cost poses a budgeting challenge, incorporating PrEP delivery into an existing ART programme could be a cost-effective strategy to prevent HIV infections among MSM in Thailand. PMID: 30033559 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
 On 11th July we hosted a Parliamentary event to discuss our new report‘Room to Manoeuvre’.The event was attended by the Minister of State at the Department of Health and Social Care Caroline Dinenage, Shadow Minister for Social Care and Mental Health Barbara Keeley, and Shadow Minister for Public Health Sharon Hodgson, alongside numerous MPs and stakeholders from across the country. Attendees had opportunities to discuss the importance of aids and adaptations for people with arthritis and found out how they can their support people in their local are to access these items.The report ba...
Source: Arthritis Research UK - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: news
ConclusionCwfree was strongly correlated with Sfree, which allowed for the development of a valid Cwfree prediction model. A practitioner could estimate the energy expenditure of walking for a patient without using an indirect calorimeter.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
ConclusionExcept for full exemption from co-payments, the proportions of MS patients who enjoyed social security benefits seem to be limited in our study sample. The EDSS score is the strongest predictor of the probability of receiving all the benefits. Only a small proportion of patients received care allowance and working permits, probably because such benefits are only granted to people with a high level of disability. On the other hand, the low proportion of patients who enjoyed fiscal benefits for home and car adaptations could have been influenced by the way such benefits are granted in our country.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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