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Yes, nanoscience can enhance humans – but ethical guidelines must be agreed

People 'enhanced' into spider-climbing individuals with hugely projected breasts and Einstein-brains… Where will it stop?Engineers are trained to try to figure out how to achieve things that humans cannot and in nanoscience and nanotechnology that challenge is no different.Many of the most exciting advances in the field try to improve human incapacities with things such as memory, hearing, stamina or intellect. In my field of nanomedicine, the notion of human enhancement is, in a lot of cases, a way to deal with disease: enhancing vision, cognitive functions or improving a person's ability to move independently.I have always found the relationship between technology and its use to "aid" or "enhance" human capability intriguing because there is a fine line beyond which all kinds of ethical alarms go off. Where does human enhancement against true pathological conditions or disabilities end?Thoughts like these were on my mind last autumn on a plane to Taiwan, when I watched the latest movie version of one my favourite comic-book heros, Spider-man. The main character, a very normal, scientifically talented and altruistic teenager (who truly wants to save the world) is bitten by an experimental transgenic spider, which results in his transformation into a man-spider hybrid. This concept is a classic method used in science fiction to explain the creation of characters with super-human powers. Interestingly, the transformation almost always occurs after ex...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Blogposts Biology guardian.co.uk Medical research Nanotechnology Human biology Science Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Results emphasize the necessity of person-centred approaches to treatment due to the variability of performance accuracy and system preferences. The cognitive aid selection and implementation intervention protocol piloted in this study appears beneficial for understanding unique strengths and challenges for college students following mTBI and may be useful for clinicians working with individuals with mTBI. Implications for rehabilitation College-aged students with mild traumatic brain injury report unique preferences for no- and high-tech cognitive aids; however, similar patterns emerge relating to preferred s...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
This study investigates whether improved communication and evidence-based recommendations for handover yield positive patient outcomes.     Read more   Family ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Background: Assisted partner services (aPS) or provider notification for sexual partners of persons diagnosed HIV positive can increase HIV testing and linkage in Sub-Saharan Africa and is a high yield strategy to identify HIV-positive persons. However, its cost-effectiveness is not well evaluated. Methods: Using effectiveness and cost data from an aPS trial in Kenya, we parameterized an individual-based, dynamic HIV transmission model. We estimated costs for both a program scenario and a task-shifting scenario using community health workers to conduct the intervention. We simulated 200 cohorts of 500 000 individual...
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 December 2017 Source:International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction Author(s): Issey Takahashi, Mika Oki, Baptiste Bourreau, Itaru Kitahara, Kenji Suzuki Interpersonal interaction is one of the fundamental factors for successful inclusion in education for children with special needs, including children suffering from autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and/or intellectual disabilities (ID). In order to increase opportunities for interpersonal interactions among children, an interactive school gymnasium called FUTUREGYM, with a large-scale, interactive floor projection system in a sch...
Source: International Journal of Child Computer Interaction - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
This is the 1000th presentation to my bioethics blog since starting on Google Blogspot.com in 2004.There has been many topics covered. Though comments by the visitors has always been encouraged and, since as a " discussion blog " , comments leading to discussions I have felt was the definitive function here. Virtually none of the thread topics have gone unread and most have had some commentary, some with mainly particularly strong and emphatic opinions http://bioethicsdiscussion.blogspot.com/2013/01/should-pathologists-be-physicians.html, some with extensive up to 12 years long continued discussion http://bioethi...
Source: Bioethics Discussion Blog - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: blogs
Background: Assisted partner services (aPS) or provider notification for sexual partners of persons diagnosed HIV positive can increase HIV testing and linkage in Sub-Saharan Africa and is a high yield strategy to identify HIV-positive persons. However, its cost-effectiveness is not well evaluated. Methods: Using effectiveness and cost data from an aPS trial in Kenya, we parameterized an individual-based, dynamic HIV transmission model. We estimated costs for both a program scenario and a task-shifting scenario using community health workers to conduct the intervention. We simulated 200 cohorts of 500 000 individual...
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research
Conclusions—Visual decision aids are now available to rapidly educate healthcare providers, patients, and families about benefits and risks of endovascular thrombectomy, both when added to IV tPA in tPA-eligible patients and as the sole reperfusion treatment in tPA-ineligible patients.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Ischemia, Revascularization, Treatment, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Objective3‐Methylglutaconic aciduria, dystonia–deafness, hepatopathy, encephalopathy, Leigh‐like syndrome (MEGDHEL) syndrome is caused by biallelic variants in SERAC1. MethodsThis multicenter study addressed the course of disease for each organ system. Metabolic, neuroradiological, and genetic findings are reported. ResultsSixty‐seven individuals (39 previously unreported) from 59 families were included (age range = 5 days–33.4 years, median age = 9 years). A total of 41 different SERAC1 variants were identified, including 20 that have not been reported before. With the excepti...
Source: Annals of Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
[Ethiopian Herald] Of late , the Federal Public Service, Civil Service University and Ethiopian Kaizen Institute had marked all White Ribbon , Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) and AIDS Days at once at Civil Service University Conference Hall.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 11/23/2017 This 76-page toolkit from the Global Protection Cluster Task Team on Protection Mainstreaming explains protection mainstreaming principles and outlines minimum agency standards for incorporating protection into sector-specific programs. Mainstreaming cross-cutting issues ensures that considerations inform all aspects of humanitarian action and helps maximize the quality and impact of the work that all humanitarian do. Some of these issues are Age, Gender and Diversity, Child Protection, Gender-Based Violence, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support, Disability, and HIV/AIDS. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
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