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Yes, nanoscience can enhance humans – but ethical guidelines must be agreed

People 'enhanced' into spider-climbing individuals with hugely projected breasts and Einstein-brains… Where will it stop?Engineers are trained to try to figure out how to achieve things that humans cannot and in nanoscience and nanotechnology that challenge is no different.Many of the most exciting advances in the field try to improve human incapacities with things such as memory, hearing, stamina or intellect. In my field of nanomedicine, the notion of human enhancement is, in a lot of cases, a way to deal with disease: enhancing vision, cognitive functions or improving a person's ability to move independently.I have always found the relationship between technology and its use to "aid" or "enhance" human capability intriguing because there is a fine line beyond which all kinds of ethical alarms go off. Where does human enhancement against true pathological conditions or disabilities end?Thoughts like these were on my mind last autumn on a plane to Taiwan, when I watched the latest movie version of one my favourite comic-book heros, Spider-man. The main character, a very normal, scientifically talented and altruistic teenager (who truly wants to save the world) is bitten by an experimental transgenic spider, which results in his transformation into a man-spider hybrid. This concept is a classic method used in science fiction to explain the creation of characters with super-human powers. Interestingly, the transformation almost always occurs after ex...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Blogposts Biology guardian.co.uk Medical research Nanotechnology Human biology Science Source Type: news

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Authors: Romanet P, Guy M, Allaert FA Abstract BACKGROUND: of the study: The primary objective of this trial was to demonstrate the effect of wearing a Hearing aid (HA) on improvement of hearing and comprehension in everyday life situations. METHODS: This mono-centre phase IV open-label clinical trial was carried out on men or women 40 years old or more, presenting mild or moderate first-degree presbyacusis. Presbyacusis was diagnosed by performance of pure-tone audiometry in silence. The main criterion was the comparison of the Glasgow Hearing Aid Benefit Profile (GHABP) before wearing HA and after a month of ...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
We report most estimates in 2017 purchasing-power parity-adjusted dollars and adjust all estimates for the effect of inflation. Findings Between 1995 and 2015, global health spending per capita grew at an annualised rate of 3·1% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 3·1 to 3·2), with growth being largest in upper-middle-income countries (5·4% per capita [UI 5·3–5·5]) and lower-middle-income countries (4·2% per capita [4·2–4·3]). In 2015, $9·7 trillion (9·7 trillion to 9·8 trillion) was spent on health worldwide. High-income countries s...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
A new exhibition at the Smithsonian’s Cooper Hewitt Museum in New York City features innovative designs by and for people with disabilities. The exhibition—Access + Ability—runs through September 3. Visitors can view more than 70 products ranging from low- to high-tech. Several items useful to people with communication disorders are included in the exhibit: The Laugh Out Loud Aid (LOLA) is a free app—available for Apple and Android devices—that provides silly social stories to help children with autism with social and daily living skills. A book by Sam Barclay is also on display: “I Wond...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Audiology News Slider Speech-Language Pathology Autism Spectrum Disorder Health Care Hearing Assistive Technology Source Type: blogs
This study is a cross-sectional survey using a cohort in an urban area in Gauteng province, South Africa. Data were collected using questionnaires through an interview process. The information collected included aspects such as demographics, livelihood, the state of mental and physical health, adherence and disability. A total of 1044 participants with an average age of 42 ± 12 years were included in the study, with 51.9% of the participants reporting functional limitations (WHODAS ≥ 2). These were reported mainly in the domains of participation (40.2%) and mobility (38.7%). In additio...
Source: Sahara J - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: SAHARA J Source Type: research
The following is a guest blog post by Erin Gilmer (@GilmerHealthLaw). With news of Grindr’s sharing of user’s HIV status and location data, many wonder how such sensitive information could be so easily disclosed and the answer is quite simply a lack of strong privacy and security standards for apps.  The question then becomes whether apps that store personal health information should be subject to HIPAA? Should apps like Grindr have to comply with the Privacy and Security Rules as doctors, insurance companies, and other covered entities already do? A lot of people already think this information is protecte...
Source: EMR and HIPAA - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Digital Health Health Care Healthcare HealthCare IT HIPAA HIPAA General mHealth Mobile Apps Mobile Health Care Aetna Breach CVS Caremark Breach Erin Gilmer Grindr HIV and HIPAA OCR Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The findings and resulting model may be used to develop more effective interventions to promote physical activity participation in individuals diagnosed with MS and consequently enhance long-term QoL. Implications for Rehabilitation Regular physical activity aids in symptom management and disease control in individuals diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, yet this population is consistently highly physically inactive. The complexity of the psychological factors influencing physical activity participation in individuals diagnosed with MS needs to be considered when developing physical activity interventions. Inte...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study depicts that the combination of audio aids, Braille and tactile models is an effective way to provide oral health education and improve oral health status of visually impaired children.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
David Bryden is the TB Advocacy Officer at RESULTS Educational Fund, a US-based non-profit working to end global poverty.By David BrydenWASHINGTON DC, Mar 22 2018 (IPS)A good education for every child is an urgent global imperative, but what if entering schools puts children at serious health risks? Tuberculosis (TB), the single biggest infectious disease killer, poses a major risk for young people in countries with high prevalence of TB, and schools are among the places where they are most likely to catch it. A young boy suspected with TB. Credit: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and MalariaThe United Nations, which comm...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
Conclusion Cwfree was strongly correlated with Sfree, which allowed for the development of a valid Cwfree prediction model. A practitioner could estimate the energy expenditure of walking for a patient without using an indirect calorimeter.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a range of potential MPTs; suggesting that MPTs will be cost-effective among higher incidence FSWs or young women, but not among lower incidence older women. More work is needed to make attractive MPTs available to potential users who could use them effectively. PMID: 29537654 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
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