Hepatitis C remains leading indication for listings and receipt of liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma

With the availability of direct acting antivirals (DAA) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, alcoholic liver disease (ALD) has evolved as the leading indication for listing and receipt of liver transplantation (LT) followed by non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and HCV infection. However, data are limited on etiology specific trends on listings and need for LT for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Liver, Pancreas and Biliary Tract Source Type: research

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Abstract Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level plays an important role in conjunction with other markers such as hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid levels to predict disease activity in chronic Hepatitis B (CHB). Quantification of HBsAg is useful in differentiating carriers from active hepatitis in HBeAg negative patients, and current guidelines recommend monitoring of pegylated interferon alpha treatment in CHB infection. However, there are only few studies about the role of quantitative HBsAg (qHBsAg) monitoring in HIV-HBV coinfected patients. Studies have ...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Virus-like particles (VLPs) are a type of subunit vaccine which resembles viruses but do not contain any genetic material so that they are not infectious. VLPs maintain the same antigenic conformation to the original virus, and they could be a better vaccine candidate than live-attenuated and inactivated vaccines. In addition, compared to other subunit vaccines such as soluble protein, VLPs can stimulate both innate and adaptive immune responses effectively and safely against several pathogens by the closer morphology to its native virus. They have already been licensed as vaccines against Hepatitis B vir...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
This study summarizes the literature evaluating the impact of CPs in the management of PLWH in the era of modern ART. We conducted a literature search to identify studies that assessed the CP role in HIV clinical practice since 2006. The identified studies were grouped into two categories. The first was HIV related outcomes, including interventions on regimen selection, adherence, regimen optimization, and management of treatment failure. The second group of studies pertained to aging and vulnerable populations, including management of comorbidities, transitions of care, medication-assisted treatment, hepatitis C, and HIV ...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
This article discusses the characterization with theoretical and experimental basis of Vismodegib, providing a thorough insight knowledge of the drug itself. The energy of the structure was minimized employing a commercial code, and different approaches were used to determine the bond distances and hyperconjugative interactions. The information obtained by theoretical calculation was correlated with experimental data of vibrational spectroscopies: FTIR and Raman. The main vibrational modes were theoretically evaluated and correlated with experimental data.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, miR-101 expression was markedly downregulated in the OSCC cell lines and tissues. CCK-8, EdU, and colony formation assays showed that miR-101 inhibited the proliferation of OSCC cells. Flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity assays indicated that miR-101 induced OSCC cell apoptosis. Transwell assays demonstrated that this miRNA also repressed OSCC cell migration and invasion. Moreover, tube formation assay showed that miR-101 abated the pro-angiogenesis of OSCC cells. Dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-101 directly targeted TGF-βR1 in OSCC. Ectopic expression of TGF-βR1 counteracted th...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
Abstract The human microbiota is a variety of different microorganisms. The composition of microbiota varies from host to host, and it changes during the lifetime. It is known that microbiome may be changed because of a diet, bacteriophages and different processes for example, such as inflammation. Like all other areas of medicine, there is a continuous growth in the area of microbiology. Different microbes can reside in all sites of a human body, even in locations that were previously considered as sterile; for example, liver, pancreas, brain and adipose tissue. Presently one of the etiological factors for liver ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
This study was conducted strictly according to the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) (Moher et al., 2009). A systematic literature search was performed in Pubmed, Embase, and ISI Web of Science using the medical terminologies described in Table S1, with the language restriction limited to English (updated until 20 January 2019). Details of the search strategy in each database are presented in Table S1. Inclusion Criteria Given the study purpose, we attempted to conduct a broad search that included literature involving continuous risks of all post-operational outcome...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 90% of primary hepatic malignancies. With the exception of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), other etiologies of chronic liver disease require progression to cirrhosis before HCC development. Case reports have described HCC in noncirrhotic patients with hepatitis C (HCV) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Goal: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of patients without cirrhosis and CHB who developed HCC among a large cohort of HCC patients and to identify independent variables that are associated with no cirrhosis among patients with HCC. Study: Fr...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although overall rates of initial HCC screening among cirrhosis patients is nearly 75%, retention into continued HCC surveillance is poor, with less than half of patients undergoing subsequent HCC surveillance. Cirrhosis patients with HBV and NASH were more likely to be retained into HCC surveillance.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although one third of patients undergo inconsistent HCC surveillance,
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS AND BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
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