Retrospective Study on the Association of Biomarkers With Real-world Outcomes of Omalizumab-treated Patients With Allergic Asthma.

This study assessed omalizumab outcomes in real-world patients with allergic asthma stratified by pretreatment biomarker levels. METHODS: Patients with allergic asthma aged ≥12 years initiated on omalizumab with ≥12 months of data after index were identified in the Allergy Partners electronic medical records (2007-2018). Patients with ≥1 diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in combination with ≥10 pack-years of smoking, cystic fibrosis, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, bronchiectasis, interstitial lung disease, and sarcoidosis in the 12 months before or after index were excluded. Patients were stratified by pretreatment EoS (≥/
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research

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Authors: Scheffer-Rath ME, Boot AM Abstract Vitamin D is important for skeletal growth, bone mineralization and dental health. Vitamin D deficiency is reported in many countries, may have several causes and can cause rickets in children. A guideline with recommendations of vitamin D supplementation to prevent nutritional rickets was published recently. The vitamin D receptor is present in many cells of the body including cells of the immune system. Many studies have been published on associations between vitamin D deficiency and extra skeletal effects, mainly without proof of causality in intervention studies. This...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Omatsu T, Hayashi T, Ichibori Y, Makino N, Hirata A, Yasumura Y, Hirayama A, Higuchi Y Abstract A 76-year-old man developed repeated fulminant myocarditis in a short period, and immunosuppressive therapy was remarkably effective. A pathologic evaluation showed that inflammatory cells had infiltrated the myocardium. Not only invasion of inflammatory cells but also the formation of lymphoid follicle was noted. Chronic myocardial inflammation was proven, but cardiac sarcoidosis was negative according to the results of various examinations. This is the first report of recurrent autoimmune myocarditis with a ly...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ueta Y, Akiba Y, Yamazaki J, Okubo Y, Taguchi T, Terashi H, K Hayashi Y, Aizawa H Abstract Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a rare condition of systemic vasculitis of small to medium-sized blood vessels. We herein report the case of a 75-year-old man who presented with hemiplegia on his right side due to cerebral infarction following myalgia and a high fever. He had no history of asthma or allergic rhinitis. He was diagnosed with EGPA based on the presence of eosinophilia, sinusitis suggested by magnetic resonance imaging, and muscle pathology. His hemiplegia improved rapidly after c...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Abstract The lung is a mechanically active organ, but uncontrolled or excessive mechanical forces disrupt normal lung function and can contribute to the development of disease. In asthma, bronchoconstriction leads to airway narrowing and airway wall buckling. A growing body of evidence suggests that pathological mechanical forces induced by airway buckling alone can perpetuate disease processes in asthma. Here, we review the data obtained from a variety of experimental models, including in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo approaches, which have been used to study the impact of mechanical forces in asthma pathogenesis. W...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur Respir Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disorder that can affect virtually any organ. However, pulmonary and thoracic lymph node involvement predominates; abnormalities on chest radiographs are present in 80 to 90% of patients with sarcoidosis. High-resolution computed tomographic (HRCT) scans are superior to chest X-rays in assessing extent of disease, and some CT features may discriminate an active inflammatory component (which may be amenable to therapy) from fibrosis (for which therapy is not indicated). Typical findings on HRCT include micronodules, perilymphatic and bronchocentric distribution,...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Abstract As sarcoidosis may involve any organ, sarcoidosis patients should be evaluated for occult disease. Screening for some organ involvement may not be warranted if it is unlikely to cause symptoms, organ dysfunction, or affect clinical outcome. Even organ involvement that affects clinical outcome does not necessarily require screening if early detection fails to change the patient's quality of life or prognosis. On the other hand, early detection of some forms of sarcoidosis may improve outcomes and survival. This manuscript describes the approach to screening sarcoidosis patients for previously undetected di...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Abstract Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. The outcome is quite variable and is mainly related to persistent inflammatory processes and the development of fibrosis. Many prognostic factors have been described, but the disease evolution is not yet entirely known. The nonthreatening course is characterized by spontaneous involution or stability after treatment withdrawal. Löfgren's syndrome is a subset within the spectrum of sarcoidosis phenotypes, composed of acute onset of fever, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, erythema nodosum and/or bilateral ankle periarticular inflammat...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Abstract At least 5% of sarcoidosis patients die from their disease, usually from advanced pulmonary sarcoidosis. The three major problems encountered in advanced pulmonary sarcoidosis are pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and respiratory infections. Pulmonary fibrosis is the result of chronic inflammation, but other factors including abnormal wound healing may be important. Sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension (SAPH) is multifactorial including parenchymal fibrosis, vascular granulomas, and hypoxia. Respiratory infections can be cause by structural changes in the lung and impaired immunity due ...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
mal T Abstract Sarcoidosis is one of the leading causes of inflammatory eye disease. Any part of the eye and its adnexal tissues can be involved. Uveitis and optic neuropathy are the main manifestations, which may require systemic treatment. Two groups of patients with sarcoid uveitis can be distinguished: one of either sex and any ethnicity in which ophthalmological findings are various and another group of elderly Caucasian women with mostly chronic posterior uveitis. Clinically isolated uveitis revealing sarcoidosis remains a strictly ocular condition in a large majority of cases. Although it can be a serious c...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Abstract Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a well-known complication of sarcoidosis, defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mm Hg. Since both PH and sarcoidosis are rare diseases, data on sarcoidosis-associated PH (SAPH) is retrieved mostly from small retrospective studies. Estimated prevalence of SAPH ranges from 3% in patients referred to a tertiary center up to 79% in patients awaiting lung transplant. Most patients with SAPH show advanced parenchymal disease as the underlying mechanism. However, some patients have disproportional elevated pulmonary artery pressure, and PH can occur in sarcoi...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
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