The Role of microRNA-126 in Vascular Homeostasis.

The Role of microRNA-126 in Vascular Homeostasis. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2013 May 13; Authors: Solingen CV, Bijkerk R, de Boer HC, Rabelink TJ, Zonneveld AJ Abstract MicroRNAs are negative regulators of gene expression that have been shown to be essential elements in the coordination of complex regulatory pathways. One of these short non-coding RNAs, microRNA-126, is highly enriched in the vascular endothelium and was shown to play distinct roles in angiogenesis, vasculogenesis and endothelial inflammation. Abrogation of this microRNA leads to severe complications in the response in vascular development as well as vital repair mechanisms carried out by endothelial cells. Interestingly, recent data suggests that the homeostatic role of microRNA-126 may reach far beyond its endothelial functions as this microRNA was also found to be present in cells of the hematopoietic system and in microvesicles or 'free-form' in the periphery. MicroRNA-126 is controlling the fate and/or function of a variety of cells differentiating from the hematopoietic lineage, including megakaryocytes and erythrocytes. Recent studies identified circulating microRNA-126 as a biomarker for myocardial injury and vascular damage in diabetes. Furthermore, reports have suggested a protective role of circulating microRNA-126 in murine models of organ ischemia. Here, we review current insights in the role microRNA-126 in vascular homeostasis and conclude that this microRNA may serve to integrate a...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
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ConclusionWe noticed that depressive and anxious temperaments had a negative effect on patient outcomes after rotator cuff surgery; however, nondominant temperaments had a positive effect on patient outcomes.Level of evidenceLevel III; Retrospective Comparative Study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study confirms the safety and efficacy of TMVR with MitraClip irrespective of MR etiology in real-life data and shows the main factors related to prognosis during the first year of follow up.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosLa reparación de la válvula mitral transcatéter (RVMT) con el sistema MitraClip es un tratamiento para los pacientes con insuficiencia mitral (IM) grave de alto riesgo quirúrgico. El objetivo principal fue analizar los resultados del RVMT en pacientes con IM grave, según la etiología.MétodosEstudio observacional, prospectivo y multic&...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Aging and stress induced β cell senescence and its implication in diabetes development. Aging (Albany NY). 2019 Nov 13;11: Authors: Li N, Liu F, Yang P, Xiong F, Yu Q, Li J, Zhou Z, Zhang S, Wang CY Abstract Cellular senescence is a well-established defensive mechanism for tumor suppression, and is also proposed to play a crucial role in embryonic development, wound repair, aging and age-related diseases. Senescent cell is characterized by the marked morphological changes and active metabolism along with a distinctive senescence associated secretion phenotype (SASP). Cellular senescence is trigge...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Chen-Hung Lee, Kuo-Chun Hung, Ming-Jer Hsieh, Shang-Hung Chang, Jyuhn-Huarng Juang, I-Chang Hsieh, Ming-Shien Wen, Shih-Jung LiuAbstractPatients with diabetes mellitus have up to a 15% lifetime risk of non-healing and poorly healing wounds. This work develops core-shell nanofibrous bioactive insulin-loaded poly-D-L-lactide-glycolide (PLGA) scaffolds that release insulin in a sustained manner for repairing wounds in diabetic rats. To prepare the biodegradable core-shell nanofibers, PLGA and insulin solution...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, we developed gene therapies based on 3 longevity associated genes: fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), αKlotho, soluble form of mouse transforming growth factor-β receptor 2 (sTGFβR2). The gene therapies were delivered using adeno-associated viruses, and we explored their ability to mitigate 4 age-related diseases: obesity, type II diabetes, heart failure, and renal failure. Individually and combinatorially, we applied these therapies to disease-specific mouse models and found that this set of diverse pathologies could be effectively treated and in some cases, even reversed with a sin...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the production of rejuvenation therapies based on clearance of senescent cells, it is still the case that much remains to be settled when it comes to the biochemistry of these errant cells. More rigorous consensus definitions relating to the mechanisms, manifestations, and tissue specificity of senescence have ye...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Abstract Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have the ability to migrate to injury sites and facilitate tissue repair by promoting angiogenesis. However, the therapeutic effect of ADSCs from patients with diabetes is impaired due to oxidative stress. Given that diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders and mitochondria are a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), it is possible that mitochondrial ROS plays an important role in the induction of diabetic ADSC (dADSC) dysfunction. ADSCs isolated from diabetic mice were treated with mitoTEMPO, a mitochondrial ROS scavenger, or TEMPO, a universal ROS scavenger,...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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