Targeting the COX/mPGES-1/PGE2 Pathway in Neuroblastoma.

Targeting the COX/mPGES-1/PGE2 Pathway in Neuroblastoma. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1161:89-100 Authors: Larsson K, Kock A, Kogner P, Jakobsson PJ Abstract The importance of prostaglandin E2 in cancer progression is well established, but research on its role in cancer has so far mostly been focused on epithelial cancer in adults while the knowledge about the contribution of prostaglandin E2 to childhood malignancies is limited. Neuroblastoma, an extracranial solid tumor of the sympathetic nervous system, mainly affects young children. Patients with tumors classified as high-risk have poor survival despite receiving intensive treatment, illustrating a need for new treatments complimenting existing ones. The basis of neuroblastoma treatment e.g. chemotherapy and radiation therapy, target the proliferating genetically unstable tumor cells leading to treatment resistance and relapses. The tumor microenvironment is an avenue, still to a great extent, unexplored and lacking effective targeted therapies. Cancer-associated fibroblasts is the main source of prostaglandin E2 in neuroblastoma contributing to angiogenesis, immunosuppression and tumor growth. Prostaglandin E2 is formed from its precursor arachidonic acid in a two-step enzymatic reaction. Arachidonic acid is first converted by cyclooxygenases into prostaglandin H2 and then further converted by microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 into prostaglandin E2. We believe targeting of microsomal prostaglandin E sy...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Sohail Mumtaz, Pradeep Bhartiya, Neha Kaushik, Manish Adhikari, Pradeep Lamichhane, Su-Jae Lee, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Eun Ha ChoiAbstractOver the past few decades, microwave (MW) radiation has been widely used, and its biological effects have been extensively investigated. However, the effect of MW radiation on human skin biology is not well understood. We study the effects of pulsed high-power microwaves (HPMs) on melanoma (G361 and SK-Mel-31) and normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) cells. A pulsed power generator (Chundo...
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
We are pleased to invite investors and analysts to participate in a live audio webcast and conference call on Monday, 16 December 2019, highlighting Roche data presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium in San Antonio, Texas, from 10th - 14th December.
Source: Roche Investor Update - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Journal of Medicinal Food, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Medicinal Food - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrate an oncogenic role of miR-652 in uveal melanoma, showing that miR-652 may be a useful biomarker for prediction of prognosis for patients with uveal melanoma. PMID: 31740654 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
This study identified correlates of good screening performance for three common cancers, while weighing them against the backdrop of existing knowledge, to enable policy makers and healthcare providers focus appropriately to close the gaps that exist in cancer screening in our locale. Study design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: Tertiary health facility. Participants: Workers at Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Results: Females had significantly better knowledge of cervical cancer, p
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ghana Med J Source Type: research
Employing multiple artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to attack a task...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Practical Considerations of AI: Part 6 -- Ready, fire, aim Deep-learning algorithm bolsters lung cancer detection AI needs robust clinical evaluation in healthcare Deep-learning model characterizes PET/CT findings Can AI find brain hemorrhage as well as radiologists?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 November 2019Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Shamshad Alam, Sharad Chandra, Gaurav Chaudhary, Akhil Sharma, Monika Bhandhari, Pravesh Vishwakarma, Akshaya Pradhan, Rishi Sethi, Sudhanshu K. Dwivedi, Varun S. NarainAbstractBackgroundChemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity constitutes subclinical myocardial dysfunction, arrhythmias, pericarditis, coronary vasospasm, significant symptomatic heart failure. Anthracyclines pose higher risk for long-term cardiac dysfunction, with increased incidences of morbidity and mortality. Hence, early detection of chemotherapy induced cardiac dysfunc...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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