Viewpoint on the role of tissue maintenance in ageing: focus on biomarkers of bone, cartilage, muscle, and brain tissue maintenance.

Viewpoint on the role of tissue maintenance in ageing: focus on biomarkers of bone, cartilage, muscle, and brain tissue maintenance. Ageing Res Rev. 2019 Sep 24;:100964 Authors: van der Spoel E, van Vliet NA, van Heemst D Abstract Specific hallmarks are thought to underlie the ageing process and age-related functional decline. In this viewpoint, we put forward the hypothesis that disturbances in the process of tissue maintenance are an important common denominator that may lie in between specific hallmarks of ageing (i.e. damage and responses to damage) and their ultimate (patho)physiological consequences (i.e. functional decline and age-related disease). As a first step towards verifying or falsifying this hypothesis, it will be important to measure biomarkers of tissue maintenance in future studies in different study populations. The main aim of the current paper is to discuss potential biomarkers of tissue maintenance that could be used in such future studies. Among the many tissues that could have been chosen to explore our hypothesis, to keep the paper manageable, we chose to focus on a selected number of tissues, namely bone, cartilage, muscle, and the brain, which are important for mobility and cognition and affected in several common age-related diseases, including osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, sarcopenia, and neurodegenerative diseases. Furthermore, we discuss their advantages and limitations for use in (pre)clinical studies. The proposed biomar...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Zihao He, Linyang Chu, Xuqiang Liu, Xuequan Han, Kai Zhang, Mengning Yan, Xiaofeng Li, Zhifeng Yu
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results suggest a previously unknown mechanism whereby the canonical NF-κB cascade and a mitochondrial fission pathway interdependently regulate endothelial inflammation. Lin28 as a Target for Nerve Regeneration https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/lin28-as-a-target-for-nerve-regeneration/ Researchers here show that the gene Lin28 regulates axon regrowth. In mice, raised levels of Lin28 produce greater regeneration of nerve injuries. Past research has investigated Lin28 from the standpoint of producing a more general improvement in regenerative capacity. It improves mitoch...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractVitamin D-dependent rickets type 1B (VDDR1B) is an autosomal semidominant genetic disorder caused by a deficiency inCYP2R1, which encodes vitamin D 25-hydroxylase, an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the conversion of vitamin D to 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. VDDR1B is a severe form of rickets that occurs during infancy and which is responsive to 25-OH vitamin D supplementation. We studied three adult patients from a multi-consanguineous family with VDDR1B. They have been diagnosed with pseudo-nutritional rickets and treated during their adolescence with 25-OH vitamin D. These patients stopped their treatments at the...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/on-nutraceutical-senolytics/ Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: May 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation, Volume 22Author(s): Chelsea Hopkins, Ling Qin
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study delineated the causes of chronic pain and use of analgesics in a geriatric population, which may help further studies about this issue in the future. PMID: 32399112 [PubMed]
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Some comorbidities were present in both the AD and control groups, while others were found in the AD group and not in the control group, and vice versa.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We live in a world in which most people do not undertake anywhere near the level of physical activity that is optimal. Thus adding greater physical activity as a lifestyle choice appears very beneficial. There is a great deficiency, one that has serious consequences to health, and fixing that deficiency is touted as a successful intervention. But in reality, the situation is one in which most people harm their long term health through a form of self-neglect. This era of cheap calories and comfort is a time of vast benefits for humanity - but it has a few downsides, and this is one of them. This meta-analysis showe...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic degenerative joint disease, and it remains the main cause of chronic disability in elderly individuals. Sema4D (semaphorin 4D) is involved in the immune system and related to bone injury, osteoporosis, osteoblast differentiation, and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the role of Sema4D in OA remains unclear. Hence, the LPS-stimulated chondrocyte cell injury model was constructed in this study to investigate the role of Sema4D in OA development. The results showed that Sema4D was increased in LPS-treated ATDC5 cells, and the knockdown of Sema4D suppressed the dec...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
In this study the effects and mechanisms of Y1R antagonist on prevention for osteoporosis were characterized. In the clinical experiment, compared with osteoarthritis (OA), osteoporosis (OP) showed significant osteoporotic bone microstructure and accumulation of bone microdamage. NPY and Y1R immunoreactivity in bone were stronger in OP group, and were both correlated with bone volume fraction (BV/TV). In vivo experiment, Y1R antagonist significantly improved osteoporotic microstructure in the ovariectomized (OVX) rats. And Y1R antagonist promoted RUNX2, OPG and inhibit RANKL, MMP9 in bone marrow. In vitro cell culture expe...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
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