Systematic review of subjective memory measures to inform assessing memory limitations after stroke and stroke-related aphasia.

Conclusions: This literature domain currently provides an unclear picture as to how memory limitations affect participation in stroke and stroke-related aphasia. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION A broad range of subjective memory measures have been used to determine stroke survivors' perceptions of their everyday memory issues. Because of psychometric weaknesses such as inadequate reliability and cross-cultural validity among subjective memory measures, there remains a need to carefully review a given measure's properties to determine if it is appropriate for use with a given stroke survivor. Stroke survivors with aphasia have been infrequently included or inadequately described in studies of subjective memory measures, and thus how these individuals perceive their everyday memory abilities requires further investigation. Although the relationship between subjective and objective memory measures has been infrequently investigated by stroke researchers, both types of measures should be considered as they likely offer complementary rather than redundant information about stroke survivors' memory abilities. PMID: 31559870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Describing the content of conversation therapy with the taxonomy of behaviour change techniques offers clinically useful insights with potential to enhance both research and practice. The intervention is shown to target different types of behaviour in different ways, and offer different speaker groups different content. Non-psychologist users of the taxonomy may encounter challenges working with unfamiliar concepts and terminology, which may impact on reliable use.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONIn order to change communicative behaviours within conversation, feedback should focus not only on performance but al...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with neglect or aphasia, especially aphasia with comprehension deficits, short after stroke have significant worse functional outcome.Implications for rehabilitationClinicians should perform an extensive screening for neglect, aphasia, and cognitive disorders to make sure to diagnose the different neuropsychological disorders correctly.When patients with neuropsychological disorders are referred for rehabilitation, it can be expected that they need a longer rehabilitation period or may never reach the same level of functioning.Clinicians should pay attention to instructions of training moments outside...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
ConclusionSSRI therapy did not improve disability and QOL in multi-ethnic Asian patients with first-ever stroke undergoing rehabilitation.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: EMS notification is influenced by AF, stroke severity, psychiatric disease, aphasia, and residence type. Early disability depends on age, the type and severity of the stroke, and pre-stroke mRS. Predictors of disability at 1 year after stroke are age, stoke severity, mRS at discharge, and recurrent ischemic stroke. Higher NIHSS and older age are associated with higher case fatality. In patients ineligible for recanalization, EMS notification had no significant effect on outcome, regarding both disability and survival.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionCCDs are highly prevalent and represented the largest subtype of communication disorders in this cohort. FIMFAM scores appear useful in assessing CCDs however they display insufficient sensitivity in capturing change within this population. This audit highlights the need for further interdisciplinary research, education and training into cognitive-communication difficulties with post-stroke populations.
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
We performed a retrospective, case-control study in consecutive ischemic stroke patients admitted to our stroke rehabilitation unit. Patients were matched for severity of neurological impairment (evaluated with the Canadian Neurological Scale, CNS), age (difference within 1 year) and onset admission interval (difference within 3 days). Participants were divided into two subgroups according to the presence or absence of PSD. Aim was to assess the specific influence of post-stroke depression (PSD) and antidepressant treatment on both basal functional status and rehabilitation outcomes. All PSD patients were treated primarily...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings show that disability assessment late in the first week after onset of stroke using NIHSS accurately forecast outcome at one month after onset of stroke. The MMSE too is not expected to change at 1 month. Those with aphasia are expected to have greater disability. Based on or study we recommend that stroke patients should be assessed with NIHSS and MMSE before discharge, to explain the prognosis of the patient. Also more intense counselling on controlling blood pressure and diabetes as well as abstinence from smoking should be undertaken routinely. PMID: 31309796 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that health professionals are challenged by and limited in managing depression after post-stroke aphasia. Health professionals have the opportunity to improve services through the translation of evidence-based interventions. The integration of mental health care into stroke rehabilitation may be achieved through policy development, leadership and specialist training. Implications for rehabilitation People with aphasia need routine mood screening using aphasia-specific clinical tools and communication support. Stroke health professionals report a need for communication partner training to...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Currently there is no evidence of the effectiveness of tDCS (anodal tDCS, cathodal tDCS and Dual-tDCS) versus control (sham tDCS) for improving functional communication in people with aphasia after stroke (low quality of evidence). However, there is limited evidence that tDCS may improve naming performance in naming nouns (moderate quality of evidence), but not verbs (very low quality of evidence) at the end of the intervention period and possibly also at follow-up. Further methodologically rigorous RCTs with adequate sample size calculation are needed in this area to determine the effectiveness of this interv...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Christophe Duret1,2*, Anne-Gaëlle Grosmaire1 and Hermano Igo Krebs3,4,5,6,7,8 1Centre de Rééducation Fonctionnelle Les Trois Soleils, Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, Unité de Neurorééducation, Boissise-Le-Roi, France 2Centre Hospitalier Sud Francilien, Neurologie, Corbeil-Essonnes, France 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States 4Department of Neurology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, United States 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fujita Health University, Nago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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