Abnormalities in HER2 gene found in wide variety of advanced cancers

(Thomas Jefferson University) The HER2 growth-factor gene is known to be over-active in breast and gastro-esophageal cancers. But now, irregularities in the genes' expression -- among them mutations, amplifications, substitutions, and translocations -- have been found in 14 different advanced solid tumors.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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ConclusionsXELOX-trastuzumab is a promising and effective therapy as first-line treatment for patients with HER2-positive AGC, with comparable results to the ones obtained with other “platinum-based” regimens. This scheme is feasible and tolerable with a low incidence of cardiac toxicity.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsBased on recent and ongoing studies, eligible patients who have progressed beyond the first-line cytotoxic chemotherapy may benefit from immunotherapy. This review outlines the checkpoint inhibitors that are currently or previously being investigated for patients with metastatic UGI cancers.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We examined the following three conditions: DMEM high glucose which contained 4.5 mg/ml glucose, independent of serum, DMEM low glucose which contained 1.0 mg/ml glucose, independent of serum. And, DMEM no glucose which contained 0.0 mg/ml glucose, independent of serum. DMEM is referred to as glucose “free,” however some glucose was actually present due to the FBS. The glucose concentration in the FBS used was 1.04 mg/ml. We calculate 0.0937 mg/ml glucose was present in the media under all conditions due to the addition of serum. Quantification of ROS Levels ROS are widely evaluated in tissue culture using di...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Validated clinico-pathologic nomogram in the prediction of HER2 status in gastro-oesophageal cancer, Published online: 12 February 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0399-4Validated clinico-pathologic nomogram in the prediction of HER2 status in gastro-oesophageal cancer
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion.In this cohort of patients with GI cancer with brain metastases, HER2+ status was more common intracranially compared with prior sites of disease. These findings suggest that testing HER2 in patients with GI cancer with brain metastases may lead to additional therapeutic options, regardless of HER2 status in previously examined tissue.Implications for Practice.HER2 amplification is a well‐known driver of oncogenesis in breast cancer, with associated increased risk of brain metastases and response to HER2‐directed therapy. In nongastric gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, HER2 amplification is not common and conse...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Precision Medicine, Cancer Diagnostics and Molecular Pathology, Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research
Abstract Micropapillary carcinoma of the bladder (MPBC) is a variant type of infiltrating urothelial carcinoma, which portends a poor biological behavior in terms of disease stage at first diagnosis and clinical outcome; its peculiar morphology raises issues concerning the ability of tumor detection by imaging techniques and proper biopsy procedure, and the appropriate treatment for non-muscle infiltrating and muscle-infiltrating MPBC remains a matter of debate. On the basis of its established prognostic and therapeutic role in breast and gastro-esophageal cancer in the first instance, the human epidermal growth f...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
HER2 (ERBB2 or HER2/neu) is a tyrosine-kinase increasing cell proliferation. Overexpression/amplification of HER2 is correlated with worse prognosis in solid malignancies. Consequently, HER2 targeting is estab...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Authors: Lee S, Cohen DJ Abstract INTRODUCTION: Esophageal cancer is a heterogeneous cancer comprised of differing cells of origin, molecular changes, and immune microenvironments. To date, most advances have been made in chemotherapy regimens where a one-size-fits-all approach is used. As a result, there remains a lack of tailored treatment options for such a heterogeneous cancer. This paper highlights the current standard of care treatment options as well as active areas of clinical research. Areas covered: The authors review the key trials that have led to current standard of care treatment including pivotal che...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
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