Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4221: Influence of BMI on Gait Characteristics of Young Adults: 3D Evaluation Using Inertial Sensors

Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4221: Influence of BMI on Gait Characteristics of Young Adults: 3D Evaluation Using Inertial Sensors Sensors doi: 10.3390/s19194221 Authors: Valeria Rosso Valentina Agostini Ryo Takeda Shigeru Tadano Laura Gastaldi Overweight/obesity is a physical condition that affects daily activities, including walking. The main purpose of this study was to identify if there is a relationship between body mass index (BMI) and gait characteristics in young adults. 12 normal weight (NW) and 10 overweight/obese (OW) individuals walked at a self-selected speed along a 14 m indoor path. H-Gait system, combining seven inertial sensors (fixed on pelvis and lower limbs), was used to record gait data. Walking speed, spatio-temporal parameters and joint kinematics in 3D were analyzed. Differences between NW and OW and correlations between BMI and gait parameters were evaluated. Conventional spatio-temporal parameters did not show statistical differences between the two groups or correlations with the BMI. However, significant results were pointed out for the joint kinematics. OW showed greater hip joint angles in frontal and transverse planes, with respect to NW. In the transverse plane, OW showed a greater knee opening angle and a shorter length of knee and ankle trajectories. Correlations were found between BMI and kinematic parameters in the frontal and transverse planes. Despite some phenomena such as soft tissue artifact and kinematics cross-talk, which h...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: In a large cross-sectional analysis of knee OA patients scheduled for TKA, 40% of individuals reported having not received core recommended non-surgical treatments. Older individuals, men and those with less education had lower odds of having used recommended non-surgical OA treatments. PMID: 31732554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: J Rheumatol - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
This study aimed to dev...
Source: BMC Geriatrics - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a chronic pain condition that is one of the leading causes of physical impairment and disability across the world.40 The prevalence of KOA is expected to continuously escalate due to population aging and increases in obesity rates.63 Women are particularly at-risk for developing chronic pain and KOA.20,43 Further, women generally report higher pain-related symptoms (including KOA symptoms57), evoked-pain sensitivity, and lower pain tolerance compared to men.20,43
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionAs a model animal, rats not only provide a convenient resource for studying human diseases but also provide the possibility for exploring the molecular mechanism of exercise intervention in diseases. This review also aims to provide exercise intervention frameworks and optimal exercise dose recommendations for further human exercise intervention research.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractTo determine the longitudinal association of baseline body mass index and change in body mass index over 8  years to incident of patellofemoral osteoarthritis at the 8-year follow-up. A sample of 528 women and men, aged 45–65 years, with knee complaints and without radiographic evidence of patellofemoral and tibiofemoral osteoarthritis at baseline, were selected from the Cohort Hip and Cohort Knee co hort. Incidence of patellofemoral osteoarthritis was defined as presence of radiographic patellofemoral osteoarthritis (with or without tibiofemoral osteoarthritis) at the 8-year follow-up. Baseline bod...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Obesity is an epidemic, especially in developed countries. This affects the general health of these patients, especially when they are having a major surgical procedure such as total hip arthroplasty (THA). Several articles have described the effects of obesity on THA with varying conclusions. This meta-analysis aims to compare the outcomes, complications, and peri-operative parameters of THA in the obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) vs non-obese (BMI
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
Background.Obesity is an epidemic, especially in developed countries. This affects the general health of these patients, especially when they are having a major surgical procedure such as total hip arthroplasty (THA). Several articles have described the effects of obesity on THA with varying conclusions. This meta-analysis aims to compare the outcomes, complications, and peri-operative parameters of THA in the obese (BMI ≥30kg/m2) versus non-obese (BMI
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo identify lncRNAs associated with the inflammatory phenotype of obese OA synovial fibroblasts and explore their expression and function.MethodsSynovium was collected from normal ‐weight hip fracture non‐OA patients (n=6) and from normal‐weight (n=8) and obese hip OA patients (n=8). RNA expression was determined by RNA sequencing and qRT‐PCR. LncRNA knockdown utilised LNA‐based GapmeRs. Cytokine production was measured by ELISA.ResultsSynovial fibroblasts (n=6 patients) from obese OA patients secreted greater IL6 (162 ± 21 pg/ml; p
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: FULL LENGTH Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewObesity in the older adult is a burgeoning health epidemic that leads to increased morbidity, disability, and institutionalization. This review presents a brief overview of geriatric-specific consequences of obesity by highlighting the risks and benefits of intentional weight loss.Recent FindingsIntentional weight loss reduces the extent of adiposity-related illnesses, yet the approach in older adults is fraught with challenges. Interventions combining caloric restriction and physical exercise (aerobic and resistance) maximize fat loss and minimize loss of muscle and bone. Interventions are also ef...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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