Acute myocardial infarction severity, complications, and mortality associated with lack of magnesium intake through consumption of desalinated seawater.

Acute myocardial infarction severity, complications, and mortality associated with lack of magnesium intake through consumption of desalinated seawater. Magnes Res. 2019 Sep 24;: Authors: Shlezinger M, Amitai Y, Goldenberg I, Atar S, Shechter M Abstract Drinking water (DW) is an important dietary source of magnesium. Israel has recently increased desalinated seawater (DSW) production for DW, but negligible magnesium content in DSW may pose a risk of hypomagnesemia and consequential adverse cardiovascular effects. Consecutive acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients (n = 380, age 35-75 years), hospitalized in 2015-2017 with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), were divided into two groups based on their domicile region having a major supply of DSW (n = 250, 65%) or not (non-DSW; n = 130, 35%). We evaluated admission serum magnesium concentrations in patients, magnesium levels in tap water, 1-year all-cause mortality, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, rehospitalization for heart failure or angina pectoris, stroke, coronary artery bypass grafting, and percutaneous coronary interventions. Multivariate analyses were adjusted for age and sex. Serum magnesium concentrations (mean ± SD) were significantly higher among patients in the non-DSW group compared with the DSW group (1.95 ± 0.20...
Source: Magnesium Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Magnes Res Source Type: research

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By KIP SULLIVAN, JD The notion that hospitals can reduce readmissions, and that punishing them for “excess” readmissions will get them to do that, became conventional wisdom during the 2000s on the basis of very little evidence. The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC) urged Congress to enact the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) beginning in 2007, and in 2010 Congress did so. State Medicaid programs and private insurers quickly adopted similar programs. The rapid adoption of readmission-penalty programs without evidence confirming they can work has created widespread concern that th...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy CMS hospital readmissions Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program HRRP Kip Sullivan MedPAC Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Fanar Mourad, Natalia Cleve, Janine Nowak, Daniel Wendt, Andreas Sander, Ender Demircioglu, Mohamed El Gabry, Heinz Jakob, Sharaf-Eldin ShehadaABSTRACTBACKGROUNDPrevalence of dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure (DD-CRF) is growing worldwide. Such patients are exposed to a higher cardiovascular risk due to severe calcification and congestive heart failure caused by volume overload, which end up in poor outcomes. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate outcomes of DD-CRF patients undergoing cardiac surgery in our institute.METHO...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Prevalence of dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure (DD-CRF) is growing worldwide. Such patients are exposed to a higher cardiovascular risk due to severe calcification and congestive heart failure caused by volume overload, which end up in poor outcomes. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate outcomes of DD-CRF patients undergoing cardiac surgery in our institute. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 241-consecutive patients presented with DD-CRF undergoing cardiac-surgery between 01/2000-12/2017. Endpoints were major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events and long-term survival. Addit...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether there is any difference on the results of patients treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the setting of ischemic heart failure (HF). Methods: Databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register [CENTRAL/CCTR], ClinicalTrials.gov, Scientific Electronic Library Online [SciELO], Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ci ências da Saúde [LILACS], and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published until February 2019. Main outcomes of interest were mortality, myocardial infarction, repeat revasc...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Wang TKM, Liao YB, Choi D, Harmos S, Haydcok D, Gerber I Abstract AIMS: A significant minority of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery (MVR) have indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The risks of combination surgeries are not well appreciated and maybe more than additive. We compared the characteristics and outcomes of MVR+/-CABG performed at our centre. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing isolated MVR or with concurrent (MVR+)CABG at Auckland City Hospital during 2005-2012 were compared for baseline and operative characteristics and outcomes in univariable and multivariable ...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThere was considerable unexplained variation in contemporary costs for all major cardiovascular events. One emerging theme was that average costs in the USA were considerably higher than anywhere else.
Source: PharmacoEconomics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
As the cold and flu season continues this year, it is important to be aware that many of the most commonly used over-the-counter (OTC) remedies for congestion, aches, pains, and low-grade fevers contain medicines that can have harmful effects on the cardiovascular system. Chief among these medications are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and decongestants. NSAIDs and your heart Certain NSAIDs are associated with a small increase in the relative risk for developing a heart attack, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, increased blood pressure, and blood clots. NSAIDs relieve pain and inflammation by inhib...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cold and Flu Drugs and Supplements Health Heart Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe cardiovascular death and cardiovascular events are significantly increased in patients with HOCM and CAD who underwent CABG at the time of septal myectomy.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), studies on the impact of these procedures on surgical revascularisation outcomes are sparse. Furthermore, advances in cardiology require reassessment of their potential prognostic significance. AIM: We sought to assess the influence of previous PCI on CABG outcomes. METHODS: A total of 211 consecutive patients scheduled for CABG were enrolled into this prospective study. Patients after PCI (group 1, n = 99) were compared with subjects with no hist...
Source: Kardiologia Polska - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
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