The Pathogenic Role of Dysregulated Epigenetic Modifications in Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases can be chronic with relapse of inflammatory symptoms, but it can be also acute and life-threatening if immune cells destroy life-supporting organs, such as lupus nephritis. The etiopathogenesis of autoimmune diseases has been revealed as that genetics and environmental factors-mediated dysregulated immune responses contribute to the initiation and development of autoimmune disorders. However, the current understanding of pathogenesis is limited and the underlying mechanism has not been well defined, which lows the development of novel biomarkers and new therapeutic strategies for autoimmune diseases. To improve this, broadening and deepening our understanding of pathogenesis is an unmet need. As genetic susceptibility cannot explain the low accordance rate of incidence in homozygous twins, epigenetic regulations might be an additional explanation. Therefore, this review will summarize current progress of studies on epigenetic dysregulations contributing to autoimmune diseases, including SLE, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis, type 1 diabetes (T1D), and systemic sclerosis (SSc), hopefully providing opinions on orientation of future research, as well as discussing the clinical utilization of potential biomarkers and therapeutic strategies for these diseases.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe findings from this study have established the need to improve current education and rehabilitation programmes for patients with CHF by addressing those factors significantly influencing their adherence to diet and medication.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
DiscussionHyperchloremic acidosis is associated with a non-anion gap, decrease in plasma bicarbonate and increase in plasma chloride. Rarely, as with this case, it may present with a high-anion gap. The use of bicarbonate therapy has shown improvement in cases of non-anion gap acidosis however there is very little data to support its role in high-anion gap hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis.
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of action of ginger extract and its compound, 6-shogaol, on pancreatic islets as well as on expressions of TRPV-1 and NMDAR2B in the spinal cord of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mice model of PDN.Materials and methodsSixty-four 5–6 months old male-Balb/C mice were induced with 110 mg/kgBW STZ i.p., while eight mice were used as control group. Mice with blood glucose level ≥200 mg/d, that suffered hyperalgesia and allodynia were classified as PDN mice. Hot plate and von Frey filament tests were performed once a week until termination. At day 28 after considered as PDN,...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: AARP.org News - Category: American Health Source Type: news
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Confabulation of a confused cardiologist Yes, It has never bothered me to retrogradely cross a delicately dangerous epicardial collateral in complex CTO. Delivering a twin stent in a partial culotte strategy for a bifurc lesion has never tested my talents. Stenting a left main across the LAD, jailing the LCX with OCT support is my favorite time pass. Crushing a calcium infested diffuse long lesion with diamond-tipped ablator appear as breezy as shopping in a mall. Oh …I am terribly upset with this damn thing.  What is that? It requires 4 negative forces . . . to bring one big positive Impact! These studies say ...
Source: Dr.S.Venkatesan MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: acute coronary syndrome acc esc guidelines scai pci ptca stable chd courage bari 2d orbita ischemia trials tips and tricks in ptca Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
A 56-year-old automobile mechanic was referred to our rheumatology service by his orthopedist to evaluate left posterior knee pain and swelling that had been present for three months. The patient had undergone bilateral total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) for sports-related osteo­arthritis three years before. In addition to the knee pain, the patient described several years of... [Read More]
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Conditions Home Slider Rheumatoid Arthritis knee arthroplasty knee swelling popliteal cyst synovitis Source Type: research
In this report, we present the case of... [Read More]
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Conditions Rheumatoid Arthritis anti-CD20 therapy Pericarditis rituximab Source Type: research
(Natural News) Lyme disease and rheumatoid arthritis are two different diseases that share many symptoms. A patient will benefit from knowing how to tell them apart. The diseases have different origins. Lyme disease is a bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, which infect humans via tick bites. Meanwhile, rheumatoid arthritis stems from a mixture of...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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