Value of Exhaled Nitric Oxide and FEF25-75 in Identifying Factors Associated With Chronic Cough in Allergic Rhinitis.

CONCLUSIONS: NAEB, CVA, and UACS are common causes of chronic cough in patients with AR. FeNO can first be used to discriminate patients with CVA/NAEB, then FEF25-75 (or combined with FeNO) can further discriminate patients with CVA from those with CVA/NAEB. PMID: 31552718 [PubMed]
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

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Abstract The authors have observed that the function linking health outcomes with exposure to particulate-matter (PM) follows a biphasic pattern. It peaks around levels of PM10≤100 μg/m3, then weakens and rises again at PM10 levels in the range of hundreds. This could be due to a different nature of PM, the first peak reflecting a stronger anthropogenic and the second - weaker non-anthropogenic particles' effect. The current analysis is focused at the biphasic pattern on the association between PM levels with BG and asthma exacerbations. Pollutants were assessed by local monitoring stations and a satelliteba...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Hui-Mei Wu, Qiu-Meng Xie, Cui-Cui Zhao, Juan Xu, Xiao-Yun Fan, Guang-He FeiAbstractAimsBoth CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) and melatonin have been reported to induce Th1 response and contribute to allergic asthma resistance. Here, we aimed to reveal how they confer such effect as well as whether they crosstalk with each other.Main methodsSix-week-old Female C57BL/6 mice were challenged by OVA to induce allergic airway inflammation, and were treated with CpG-ODN, CpG-ODN plus Luzindole or melatonin respectively. Bronchoalveolar lavage flu...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Saurabh B. Ganorkar, Yvan Vander Heyden, Atul A. Shirkhedkar, Deepak K Lokwani, Dinesh M. Dhumal, Preeti S. BobadeAbstractThe obligatory testing of drug molecules and their impurities to protect users against toxic compounds seems to provide interesting opportunities for new drug discovery. Impurities, which proved to be non-toxic, may be explored for their own therapeutic potential and thus be a part of future drug discovery. The essential role of pharmaceutical analysis can thus be extended to achieve th...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Here we discuss the major implications of these findings for the association between microorganisms and cancer, and also between some immune pathologies, like autoimmune diseases, and cancer.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We describe the potential benefits of existing asthma and COPD therapies in treating ACO patients, and the value of a “treatable traits” approach to ACO management. Throughout the review, we highlight some of the pressing, unanswered questions surrounding ACO that are relevant to the clinical community. Ultimately, addressing these questions is necessary if we are to improve clinical outcomes for this complex and heterogenous patient population.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
(CNN) — Every 15 minutes, someone in the United States dies of a superbug that has learned to outsmart even our most sophisticated antibiotics, according to a new report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That’s about 35,000 deaths each year from drug-resistant infections, according to the landmark report. The report places five drug-resistant superbugs on the CDC’s “urgent threat” list — two more germs than were on the CDC’s list in 2013, the last time the agency issued a report on antibiotic resistance. Genetic research shows germs have become especially adep...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Featured Health Antibiotics Bacteria CNN Superbugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Taken together, the results of this investigation revealed the part of molecular and immunological mechanisms of drug Mannuronic acid (M2000) in treatment of RA, based on chemokine ligands and receptors mediated processes. PMID: 31729947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Inflammation and Allergy Drug Discovery - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term changes in exposure and subsequently in the spectrum of major contact allergens can best be illustrated by clinical surveillance based on routinely collected data and, if needed, preventive measures can be initiated. In addition to time trend analyses, subgroup analyses may offer important clues regarding the identification of sensitizing and eliciting exposures, respectively. PMID: 31728552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study indicates RA-ILD among Blacks is predominantly a disease of elderly females with higher rates of GERD and CVD risk factors. Further studies are needed to identify the pathogenetic differences accounting for the gender distribution of RA-ILD among Black and White populations.Key Points•First study to assess ILD among predominantly Black RA patients.•The prevalence of RA-associated ILD was 6.36%, affecting mostly women in their sixth decade with seropositive disease.•COPD was the most common airway disease among non-RA-ILD Black population.•GERD was found in approximately one-third of ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
We present a 48 year-old active duty physician who initially presented in 2007 with dyspnea and cough. Despite the absence of variable obstruction on spirometry, a clinical diagnosis of asthma was made. The patient's symptoms were temporized with inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators, titrated to his symptoms, until eventual therapeutic failure resulted in re-referral to pulmonary. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed ground-glass nodules and patchy airspace opacities with evidence of thoracic lymphadenopathy. A positron emission tomography CT (PET CT) showed diffuse adenopathy throughout his thorax and abdomen with...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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