Hepatitis E virus genotype 3 is associated with gallstone-related disease.

Conclusions: This study identified acute HEV3 infection in 4% of the patients with elevated liver enzymes admitted to a surgical ward. HEV infection was not the solitary disease leading to hospitalization, instead it was found to be associated with other surgical conditions such as gallstone-related disease including biliary pancreatitis. Additionally, HEV RNA might be the preferential diagnostic tool for detecting ongoing HEV infection. PMID: 31553628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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Publication date: January 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 1Author(s): US NIST (the National Institute of Standards and Technology) has released three new biometric databases – featuring fingerprints, facial photographs and iris scans – designed to help researchers reduce the error rates of biometric systems.
Source: Biometric Technology Today - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 1Author(s): Jason TooleyThe use of biometrics by police forces has rarely been out of the headlines over the past year. As with many emerging technologies, it has hit significant hurdles. Recently in an unprecedented move, the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) – the government body responsible for GDPR and data privacy enforcement – launched an independent investigation into the use of facial recognition at London's King's Cross train station, after it was revealed that the general public were having their faces scan...
Source: Biometric Technology Today - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
In this research, the hydrothermal method was used for synthesising cellulose acetate (CA) templated nanorods like CuS fibres using vegetable extract (Brassica oleracea var. italica). These extracts act as a reducing agent in the presence of CA. Surprisingly, when the same reaction was carried out in the absence of CA and broccoli extract, structural morphology disappeared and was found as agglomerated. In the presence of cellulose templated extract mediated CuS has revealed as nanorods like fibres and was confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope analysis. Their crystallinity property of CuS nanoparticles (...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
A highly sensitive, non-invasive, and rapid HBV (Hepatitis B virus) screening method combining membrane protein purification with silver nanoparticle-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy was developed in this study. Reproducible serum protein SERS spectra were obtained from cellulose acetate membrane-purified human serum from 94 HBV patients and 89 normal groups. Tentative assignments of serum protein SERS spectra showed that the HBV patients primarily led to specific biomedical changes of serum protein. Principal components analysis and linear discriminate analysis were introduced to analyse the obt...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
To sustained release of an anticancer drug, oxaliplatin (OX), a non-toxic and biocompatible nanocarrier based on bovine serum albumin (BSA) were synthesised by desolvation method and characterised using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and dynamic light scattering. The results showed that the BSA nanoparticles (BSANPs) with a mean magnitude of 187.9 ± 1.2 nm have spherical morphology with a smooth surface and a uniform distribution. Furthermore, OX was loaded onto the BSANPs and the loading was confirmed...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Anna Xu, Bart Larsen, Erica B. Baller, J. Cobb Scott, Vaishnavi Sharma, Azeez Adebimpe, Allan I. Basbaum, Robert H. Dworkin, Robert R. Edwards, Clifford J. Woolf, Simon B. Eickhoff, Claudia R. Eickhoff, Theodore D. SatterthwaiteAbstractCharacterizing a reliable, pain-related neural signature is critical for translational applications. Many prior fMRI studies have examined acute nociceptive pain-related brain activation in healthy participants. However, synthesizing these data to identify convergent patterns of activa...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): J. Mobika, M. Rajkumar, V. Nithya Priya, S.P. Linto SibiAbstractNano-biocomposites that mimics bone’s extracellular matrix with hydroxyapatite as an inorganic and silk fibroin as organic phase for three different ratios via a simple in-situ co-precipitation method have been synthesized. The silk fibroin, a biodegradable polymer from cocoons of Bombyx mori silkworm were extracted by employing a chemical-free High-Temperature High-Pressure method as a degumming route. Then followed by the regeneration process which was do...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Susmita Biswas, Udita Chatterjee, Sriparnika Sarkar, Finaz Khan, Debbethi Bera, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Soumyabrata Goswami, Sandip Chakrabarti, Susmita DasAbstractLow Molecular Weight (LMWG) gelators are small molecules that form supramolecular self-assembly involving physical forces and are highly biocompatible. However, fragility of these physical gels restricts their applicability where gels of higher mechanical strength are required. Herein, we have developed two different types of 2-D carbon nanomaterials viz. g...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - BiomembranesAuthor(s): Gopal Pandit, Karishma Biswas, Suvankar Ghosh, Swapna Debnath, Anil P. Bidkar, Priyadarshi Satpati, Anirban Bhunia, Sunanda ChatterjeeAbstractThe widespread abuse of antibiotics has led to the use of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as a replacement for the existing conventional therapeutic agents for combating microbial infections. The broad-spectrum activity and the resilient nature of AMPs has mainly aggrandized their utilization. Here, we report the design of non-toxic, non-hemolytic and salt tolerant und...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Microchemical JournalAuthor(s): Yisheng Chen, Caihong Huang, Zhengyu Jin, Xueming Xu, Yina Cai, Yuxiang BaiAbstractGinkgo biloba was a popular phytomedicine as the essential ingredient of many food supplement. In this work, a bio-inspired HPTLC method was proposed for the visualized screening of nifedipine adulteration in food supplement based on Gingko biloba. To customize the visualization of the analyte by inhibiting bacterium (Photobacterium phosphoreum) bioluminescence, the silica gel plate that gives the highest detectability was selected as the stationary pha...
Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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