How to investigate: Suspected systemic rheumatic diseases in patients presenting with muscle complaints

Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Irene Altabás-González, Naír Pérez-Gómez, José María Pego-ReigosaAbstractMuscular symptoms, which may be due to multiple causes, are one of the most common early complaints in a rheumatology practice. Musculoskeletal symptoms in rheumatic conditions are very varied, ranging from mechanical problems to muscular symptoms derived from inflammatory and systemic autoimmune diseases. Several drugs commonly used by different specialists and certain drugs used in rheumatology can also cause a wide variety of muscle symptoms.A description of different systemic autoimmune diseases follows to describe the different forms of involvement of the musculoskeletal system that they cause, as well as the main causes with which a differential diagnosis should be made.In this chapter, we will try to give some clues to reach an early diagnosis using clinical criteria, particularly based on a directed anamnesis and physical examination, discussing possible guidelines for the complimentary tests that may be required in patients with muscle complaints.
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

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