Prevalence and incidence of chronic kidney disease in Cuba.

This article's objective is to describe CKD's integration into Cuba's National Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) Program and the main outcomes regarding the burden of CKD and associated risk factors in Cuba. Cuba offers free health services to all its citizens on the basis of a strong primary healthcare system focused on prevention. The CKD National Program is coordinated by the Institute of Nephrology and includes the National Program for Prevention of CKD, which addresses all levels of prevention. The following indicators for renal replacement treatment are from 2016. The incidence of new patients on dialysis was 109 per million population (pmp); the two main causes were hypertension (34.4%) and diabetes mellitus (29.2). In 6.3% of patients, CKD cause could not be determined because they presented at advanced stages. The prevalence of patients on dialysis was 289 pmp; 90% of dialysis patients were on hemodialysis. The main causes of death were cardiovascular diseases (30.25%), cerebrovascular diseases (11.1%), and infections (29.5%). The kidney transplant rate was 14.3 pmp. Kidney transplants performed with cadaveric donors were 86.5% of total, with living related donors 13.5%. The Isle of Youth Study (ISYS) was designed to assess predialysis chronic kidney disease patterns; its methodology has been published previously. Results: Risk factors: age> 59 years 32%, women 67.8%, overweight 34.3%, obesity 22.8%, hypertension 41.5%, diabetes 13%. Estimated CKD prevalence was 9.63...
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, serum IL6 was measured by ELISA, and the HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) polymorphism was analyzed using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay technique. There were statistically significant differences between the two studied groups concerning the serum IL-6 level and HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) genotype distribution, with increased serum IL6 and increased frequencies of the GG and TG genotypes in patients with PCO. The GG genotype of HSD11B1 rs12086634(T/G) and its associated high level of serum IL-6 may represent genetic risk factors for PCOS.
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionThe findings from this study have established the need to improve current education and rehabilitation programmes for patients with CHF by addressing those factors significantly influencing their adherence to diet and medication.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionMuscle functionality and quality can predict hospitalization and overall survival in chronic hemodialysis patients, better than muscle mass.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Patrick Murphy, Le Kang, Michele Fleming, Connie Atkinson, Rachel Pryor, Kaila Cooper, Emily Godbout, Michael P. Stevens, Michelle Doll, Gonzalo BearmanWe employed an interrupted time series analysis to assess the impact of ultraviolet-C light disinfection at terminal discharge in an oncology unit and a bone marrow transplant unit on the incidence of hospital-acquired infections. The deployment of ultraviolet-C light disinfection was associated with a significant decrease in the rate of Clostridioides difficile infect...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings link the calcification of the vascular tissue with the expression of FGF23 in the vessels and with the elevation of circulating levels this hormone. Permanently Boosting Levels of Natural Killer Cells in Mice to Increase Cancer Resistance https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/09/permanently-boosting-levels-of-natural-killer-cells-in-mice-to-increase-cancer-resistance/ Researchers here demonstrate a very interesting approach to immunotherapy: they introduce engineered stem cells in mice that will give rise to additional natural killer T cells, boosting the capability of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Obesity is a recognized worldwide epidemic with increasing prevalence in developing nations. Studies have shown that obesity is an independent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) besides its link with diabetes mellitus and hypertension. We evaluated the renal status of obese patients using both the established [creatinine (Cr)] and new (cystatin C) markers of renal function. This was a cross-sectional study. Fifty-nine consenting adults attending the clinic for routine medical checks were recruited for this study. They were divided into obese and non-obese based on their body m...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Purpose of review The leading cause of death in both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal transplant patients is cardiovascular events. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTx-DM), which is a major cardiovascular risk factor, is a metabolic disorder that affects 5.5–60.2% of renal allograft recipients by 1-year posttransplant (PTx). PTx-DM has been associated with a negative impact on patient and graft outcomes and survival. Recent findings Individuals who develop PTx-DM are usually prone to this condition prior to and/or after developing CKD. Genetic factors, obesity, inflammation, medications and CKD all are ...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: SPECIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research
Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterized by a combination of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and alterations in glucose homeostasis). Insulin resistance is suggested to be the common pathogenic background. This syndrome is also a risk factor for diabetes and chronic kidney disease. In renal transplant recipients, MS has been shown to be an independent risk factor for chronic allograft dysfunction, graft failure, new-onset diabetes, and CV disease. We performed a cross-sectional study on 106 stable renal transplant recipients to detect MS between January 2013 and Augu...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this longitudinal sample of older men, the findings supported the hypothesis that long-term PM2.5 exposure negatively affects renal function and increases renal function decline. Citation: Mehta AJ, Zanobetti A, Bind MC, Kloog I, Koutrakis P, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz JD. 2016. Long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and renal function in older men: the VA Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 124:1353–1360; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510269 Address correspondence to A.J. Mehta, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Landmar...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Article September 2016 Source Type: research
Background Globally there is an increase in incidence of chronic kidney diseases (CKDs). Diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension and stone diseases are the major risk factors for CKD. We organized kidney disease screening camps in a semi-urban population of Gujarat, India on the occasion of World Kidney Day (WKD). Methods Voluntary participants from six towns were screened. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula and CKD was defined as an eGFR
Source: CKJ: Clinical Kidney Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Chronic Kidney Disease | Cuba Health | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Dialysis | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Heart | Hemodialysis | Hypertension | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Obesity | Study | Transplant Surgery | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology | Women