Prognosis and treatment of atrial fibrillation patients by European cardiologists: One Year Follow-up of the EURObservational Research Programme-Atrial Fibrillation General Registry Pilot Phase (EORP-AF Pilot registry)
Conclusion In this 1-year follow-up analysis of the EORP-AF pilot general registry, we provide data on the first contemporary registry focused on management practices among European cardiologists, conducted since the publication of the new ESC guidelines. Overall OAC use remains high, although persistence with therapy may be problematic. Nonetheless, continued OAC use was more common than in prior reports. Despite the high prescription of OAC, 1-year mortality and morbidity remain high in AF patients, particularly from heart failure and hospitalizations.
CONCLUSIONS: GC treatment has implications in CVR, despite in SSc GC doses administered are lower than in other autoimmune diseases (in our cohort even prednisone ≤10 mg daily was associated with ED). GC may be associated with an early vascular damage in these patients, which could lead to changes in FMD, ED and finally AP. On the other hand, optimum levels of 25(OH)D3 seemed to be beneficial against vascular damage. PMID: 32083542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with axSpA are more likely to be reclassified into the very-high risk category after carotid ultrasound than controls. The influence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors on this reclassification differs between patients and controls. PMID: 32083538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Although most participants were in compliance with NNR2012, a large proportion of participants had higher intakes than maximum recommended for saturated fat, and lower than recommended for fiber and vitamin D. PMID: 32082100 [PubMed]
FIBRE, fruit and vegetables cut the risk of a stroke but eggs may raise it, a major study suggests.
Authors: Scheen AJ Abstract Introduction: Sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) have a complex relationship with the kidney so that their use in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has long been challenged.Areas covered: SGLT2is in patients with DKD are discussed: renal mechanisms of action, PK/PD characteristics, clinical use in patients with stage 3 DKD, effects on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria, cardiovascular and renal outcomes according to renal function, overall and renal safety, SGLT2is new place in updated guidelines.Expert o...
A major study of more than 400,000 people suggested that consuming more milk, cheese and yogurt can cut the risk of the most common type of stroke.
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Anita A. Pinar, Tara E. Scott, Brooke M. Huuskes, Felipe E. Tapia Cáceres, Barbara K. Kemp-Harper, Chrishan S. SamuelAbstractCardiovascular fibrosis refers to the scar tissue that develops in the injured heart and blood vessels from an aberrant wound healing response to organ injury or insult. Established fibrosis becomes a hallmark of chronic disease progression and a key contributor to tissue stiffness and dysfunction, which ultimately leads to heart failure. As wound healing and fibrotic responses to myocardial inj...
CONCLUSIONS: These features resulted from a combination of the properties of cytoskeleton filaments and their temporary cross-linker. Our results substantiate that cross-linked filaments contribute, for the most part, to the mechanical strength of the cytoskeleton of the cell studied and the relaxation time is determined by the dissociation dynamics of the cross-linking proteins. The severity of biomechanical defects due to these LMNA mutations correlated with the severity of the clinical phenotype. PMID: 32083564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Ohba Y, MacVicar T, Langer T Abstract Mitochondria are multifaceted metabolic organelles and adapt dynamically to various developmental transitions and environmental challenges. The metabolic flexibility of mitochondria is provided by alterations in the mitochondrial proteome and is tightly coupled to changes in the shape of mitochondria. Mitochondrial proteases are emerging as important post-translational regulators of mitochondrial plasticity. The i-AAA protease YME1L, an ATP-dependent proteolytic complex in the mitochondrial inner membrane, coordinates mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics with the meta...
Authors: Khan R Abstract Introduction: There has been considerable study assessing the treatment of cryptogenic stroke (CS) recently. This review examines the role of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in CS, while also discussing the evidence for alternative medical therapies in disease treatment.Areas Covered: PFO closure for treatment of CS has been assessed in 6 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This review summarizes the background, results and limitations of these trials. Methodological and treatment-related differences in RCTs provide potential explanations for the discordance in outcomes observed between...
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