Predictive factors for diabetes remission after bariatric surgery

Predictive factors for diabetes remission after bariatric surgery Can J Surg. 2019 Oct 01;62(5):315-319 Authors: Dang JT, Sheppard C, Kim D, Switzer N, Shi X, Tian C, de Gara C, Karmali S, Birch DW Abstract Background: Bariatric surgery has been shown to induce type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission in severely obese patients. After laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), diabetes remission occurs early and independently of weight loss. Previous research has identified preoperative factors for remission, such as duration of diabetes and HbA1c. Understanding factors that predict diabetes remission can help to select patients who will benefit most from bariatric surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all T2DM patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or LRYGB between January 2008 and July 2014. The primary outcome was diabetes remission, defined as the absence of hypoglycemic medications, fasting blood glucose
Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Can J Surg Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: This study reports similar T2DM resolution rates by both LRYGB and LSG during 1-5 years of follow-up. However, long-term follow-up of 10 years is needed to further substantiate these findings. PMID: 32148383 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Koch TR, Shope TR Abstract Obesity is a major factor in the worldwide rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The obesity "epidemic" will require novel, effective interventions to permit both the prevention and treatment of diabetes caused by obesity. Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy is a newer bariatric surgical procedure with a lower risk of complications (compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery). Based in part on restriction of daily caloric intake, sleeve gastrectomy has a major role in inducing significant weight loss and weight loss is maintained for at least 10&nbs...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth LRYGB and LSG have comparative effect on resolving T2DM in nonseverely obese patients at midterm follow-up. Further RCTs should address the potential risks and long-term effects of LRYGB and LSG in nonseverely obese patients.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: There are significant weight loss and improvement of glycaemic control at 12 months post-laparoscopic bariatric surgery among super-obese Malaysians.
Source: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bariatric surgery appears to be capable of partially reversing the obesity-related epigenome. The identification of potential epigenetic biomarkers predictive for the success of bariatric surgery may open new doors to personalized therapy for severe obesity. Introduction Obesity is currently a huge healthcare problem, worldwide, and is a risk factor for several diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease and cancer (1). As the prevalence of obesity reaches pandemic proportions, this metabolic disease is estimated to become the biggest cause of mortality in the near future (2). In fact,...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionSynchronous VHR and BS in a bariatric unit is feasible with low recurrence rate. Laparoscopic VHR has lower complication rates than open, apart from seroma formation. Patients with diabetes have higher risk of infection.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionCurrent network meta ‐analysis indicated that BPD or mini‐GBP achieved higher diabetes remission rates than the other procedures. However, the result needs to be interpreted with caution considering that these procedures were in the minority of bariatric surgeries.
Source: Obesity Reviews - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity Surgery/Obesity Comorbidity Source Type: research
ConclusionThe resective gastric bypass or gastrectomy with anastomosis by Roux- en- Y bypass may be considered as a treatment of choice for patients who after bariatric surgery were diagnosed with gastric carcinoid and weight regain.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
r M Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity and is known to have beneficial effects on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in diabetes prevention. The preferred type of surgery and mechanism of action is, however, unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with those of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on metabolic outcome, with a special focus on glycaemic control. METHODS: A literature search o...
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
This study examined the influence of bariatric surgery on body weight and BMI, changes in serum glucose and markers of lipid metabolism. METHODS: This study evaluated outcomes in 74 patients with type 2 DM who underwent LGCP, LSG or RYGB. Patient selection followed guidelines of the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity, i.e. BMI≥40 kg/m2 or BMI≥35 kg/m2 with associated comorbidities or BMI
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
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