Influenza in Yucatan in 2018: Chronology, characteristics and outcomes of ambulatory and hospitalized patients

DiscussionOnset of influenza season in Yucatan may reflect a need for rethinking timing of vaccination and of preventive campaigns, as most cases occurred before vaccination period.
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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The cleverest of enemies thrive on surprise attacks. Viruses—and coronaviruses in particular—know this well. Remaining hidden in animal hosts for decades, they mutate steadily, sometimes serendipitously morphing into more effective and efficient infectious agents. When a strain with just the right combination of genetic codes that spell trouble for people makes the leap from animal to human, the ambush begins. Such was the case with SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus behind COVID-19, and the attack was mostly silent and insidious at first. Many people infected with SARS-CoV-2 remained oblivious as they served as the v...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Magazine Source Type: news
Discussion A scoping review of facial protection for health care workers during a pandemic found that respirators such as N95 masks provide excellent protection against viruses and aerosols especially when combined with eye protection. Mask fit is an important consideration and respirators are tight fitting and therefore much less breathable and comfortable to wear for long periods of time. Surgical masks do not provide as much protection as respirators but are in general more breathable and more comfortable. Surgical masks also provide much more protection than no mask or improvised masks. Improvised masks do provide some...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This study investigated the performance of various case definitions and influenza symptoms in a primary healthcare sentinel surveillance system. A retrospective study of the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the cases reported by a primary healthcare sentinel surveillance network for eleven years in Catalonia was conducted. Crude and adjusted diagnostic odds ratios (aDORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the case definitions and symptoms for all weeks and epidemic weeks were estimated. The most predictive case definition for laboratory-confirmed influenza was the World Health Organization (WHO) case def...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Onset of influenza season in Yucatan may reflect a need for rethinking timing of vaccination and of preventive campaigns, as most cases occurred before vaccination period. PMID: 31560880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
This study showed that the ILI outbreak might be caused by seasonal influenza A/H1N1 pdm09 spread from person to person. Poor living conditions and poor hygiene and sanitation practices were environmental factors that caused the outbreak. As the CBS system was unable to identify this epidemic, it needs to be improved. PMID: 31241062 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Nagoya J Med Sci Source Type: research
Adriano Queiroz1, Isabella Fernanda Dantas Pinto2, Maricélia Lima3, Marta Giovanetti1,4, Jaqueline Goes de Jesus1, Joilson Xavier1, Fernanda Khouri Barreto5, Gisele André Baptista Canuto6, Helineide Ramos do Amaral7, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis4, Denise Lima Mascarenhas8, Melissa Barreto Falcão8, Normeide Pedreira Santos8, Vasco Ariston de Carvalho Azevedo9, Marcos Yukio Yoshinaga2*, Sayuri Miyamoto2 and Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara1,4,10* 1Laboratório de Patologia Experimental, Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, Brazil 2Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Quími...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Influenza has been impacting public health on a global scale since the beginning of recorded history. Influenza, also known as the “flu,” has numerous organizations committed to public health research, developing vaccines, and educating best practices preparing for the upcoming flu season. By gaining an understanding of the flu through history, virology, and how it impacts our society, we can have a better appreciation for the commitment that’s involved with combating the flu. What Is Influenza (and What’s Not)? The eyes of an epidemiologist can twitch for a variety of reasons, one of them being whe...
Source: JEMS Operations - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Operations Source Type: news
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog Just when you thought your brain could unwind on a Friday, you realise that it would rather be challenged with some good old fashioned medical trivia FFFF…introducing Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 233. Readers can subscribe to FFFF RSS or subscribe to the FFFF weekly EMAIL Question 1: Who popularised museli? + Reveal the Funtabulous Answer expand(document.getElementById('ddet201504324'));expand(document.getElementById('ddetlink201504324')) Dr Maxi...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Frivolous Friday Five Bircher Bircher Museli Clare Stanton Ekbom syndrome II Ernest W Goodpasture Essex Lopresti Goodpastures disease hugo flecker irukandji irukandji syndrome jack barnes John Range Maximilian Bircher-Benner Pa Source Type: blogs
Seasonal influenza is associated with a significant healthcare burden in terms of morbidity and mortality and related costs [1 –3]. Outbreaks of epidemic influenza are frequent due to the highly transmissible nature of the virus, leading to a surge in patient visits and consequent overcrowding in emergency departments and healthcare facilities during the winter months. Timely diagnosis of influenza can improve patient man agement emergency departments, and health care facilities [4,5]. Several of the common signs and symptoms of influenza such as fever, muscle aches, headache, fatigue, dry cough, sore throat, and nas...
Source: Journal of Clinical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Source Type: research
  Zika continues to be the virus of the day for returning travelers, but there are several other diseases that we need to consider in these patients when they present to us in the emergency department. Chikungunya is epidemic in many of the same countries as Zika and can be even more devastating. And Avian and MERS-CoV is still present in many countries. Unlike patients infected with Zika virus, these patients do require isolation to protect our health care staff from infection. Chikungunya Chikungunya, which means “to walk bent over,” was likely endemic but unrecognized in the United States before the mos...
Source: EPMonthly.com - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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