Effects of Action Observation Training in Gait Speed of Stroke Patients: A Case Series

Stroke is considered as a primary cause of disability and results to problems in activities of daily living. Action Observation Training (AOT) is an emerging cost-effective physical therapy intervention (PT) which involves facilitation of mirror neurons through viewing of video clips of a healthy individual performing an activity similar to that of the desired task. This intends to describe the effects of AOT used in conjunction with conventional PT interventions in gait speed of stroke patients.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusion: People after stroke who were physically able to walk independently still described multiple barriers to gait-related participation in all components of the ICF framework. PMID: 31793365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results from this study revealed complexity in the clinical reasoning process used in physical therapy practice to determine the best walking assistive device for patients with stroke and brain injury during inpatient rehabilitation. Information from this study can inform post-acute physical therapy practice and education, and may reduce device abandonment. Implications for rehabilitation Clinical reasoning (CR) is a complex process in which a clinician must consider multiple factors, which requires non-linear and iterative thinking, and involves many people, making it shared among the patient, caregivers, and...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 1 in 4 participants with acute stroke received neither a consultation nor an intervention. Efforts to improve the delivery of acute care therapy services are needed to optimize care for these people. PMID: 31390013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of MI combined with conventional rehabilitation is an effective method for the recovery of functionality after stroke. Due to the great heterogeneity in the scientific literature available, new lines of research are necessary, in order to include well-designed studies of good methodological quality and to establish a consensus regarding the most appropriate protocols. PMID: 31347992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research
Robot-assisted gait training following acute stroke could allow patients with severe disability to receive a high dosage and intensity of gait training compared with conventional physical therapy (CP). However, given the limited data on gauging the efficacy of Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) on gait training in patients with acute stroke, we aimed to evaluate several outcome measures following gait training with HAL. Patients with first-ever stroke, who required a walking aid and were able to start gait training within 1  week of stroke onset were included in the current study.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we chose patients in the convalescent stage, 1–6 months after stroke, so as to study the efficacy and the specific intervention time of “Wang’s jiaji” in the convalescent stage after stroke.MethodsThis is a randomized, controlled, and single-blind study. Patients in the convalescent stage within 1 –6 months of ischemic stroke will be selected as subjects. A total of 100 subjects will be randomly assigned to two groups. The acupuncture group will be given acupuncture treatment five times a week; the medicine group will be given 10mg baclofen three times a day. These...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Acupuncture therapy seems effective for motor function, pain relief and activities of daily living in stroke patients with mild SHS, when it is used in combination with rehabilitation. The low certainty of evidence downgrades our confidence in making recommendations to clinical practice. Introduction Shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) is a common condition among people who have had a stroke, with its reported prevalence ranging from 12% to 49% (1, 2). The main symptoms of SHS include pain, hyperalgesia, joint swelling and limitations in range of motion (ROM) (3). Post-stroke SHS is also named type I complex ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
When someone suffers a stroke, he or she often loses some mobility, and some 60 percent of survivors are left with lower-limb deficits. “They usually have one leg that's more impaired than the other leg, and then they undergo rehabilitation and physical therapy. And often they don't fully recover,” said Conor Walsh, professor of engineering and applied sciences at the John A. Paulson Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and a core faculty member at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, in an interview with MD+DI. But a new device called ReSto...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Design Source Type: news
Conclusion: Despite the range of interventions available for stroke rehabilitation in subacute phase, there is lack of high-quality evidence in meta-analyses, highlighting the need of further research reporting ADL outcomes.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
In this study, female patients and those without prior spine surgery appear to be most likely to benefit from fusion surgery for DDD.” The PCT is essentially a cast around the hips from waist to the top of the leg with a longer leg cast on the side that hurts. We can see similar appeals to single-factor causal models in studies of core stability – De Blaiser, Roosen, Willems, Danneels, Bossche, &De Ridder (2018) investigating whether this is a risk factor for lower extremity injuries in athletes, while Tayashiki, Mizuno, Kanehisa, &Miyamoto, (2018) investigated the causal effect of intra-abdominal p...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Clinical reasoning Pain conditions Professional topics Research Science in practice biopsychosocial clinical framework ideology Source Type: blogs
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