May I please have your attention

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder of childhood and adolescence affecting between 8% and 12% of all US children. The 2013 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), expanded the age for first symptoms from before 7 to before 12 years of age, and the 2015 to 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) showed a significant increase from 6% to 10% in parent-reported diagnosis of ADHD in children between 4 and 17 years when compared with the 1997 to 1998 NHIS (JAMA Netw Open 2018;1:e181471).
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

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In conclusion, our meta-analysis showed that there was no statistically significant difference in blood zinc and hair zinc levels between ADHD children and adolescents compared with healthy children and adolescents. PMID: 31704595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Widening definitions of health conditions have the potential to affect millions of people and should only occur when there is strong evidence of benefit. In the last version of the Diagnostic and Statistical M...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Alessio Bellato, Iti Arora, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J. GroomAbstractAlthough arousal mechanisms have frequently been found to be atypical in ADHD, these findings usually emerged from indirect behavioural measures which give only a limited understanding of arousal dysregulation in this condition. To assess the hypothesis that functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), one component of arousal, is atypical in ADHD, we carried out a systematic review of the literature on 55 studies investigating electro-dermal,...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. In childhood ADHD has an estimated prevalence rate of 5 –7% (American Psychiatric Association, 2013; Polanczyk, de Lima, Horta, Biederman,&Rohde, 2007; Thomas, Sanders, Doust, Beller,&Glasziou, 2015; Willcutt, 2012); during the transition to adolescence a significant reduction of clinical manifestations is usually observed. Males are more often involved, with a gender ratio of 2:1 in clinical samples and 4:1 in population samples (American Psychiatric Association, 2013;...
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we proposed a dynamical systems perspective to assess how the DMN over time recruits different configurations of network segregation and integration. Specifically, we were interested in configurations for which both intra- and inter-network connections are retained, as opposed to commonly used methods which assess network segregation as a single measure. From resting-state fMRI data, we extracted three different stable configurations of FC patterns for the DMN, namely synergies. We provided evidence supporting our hypothesis that ADHD differs compared to controls, both in terms of recruitment rate and topolo...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Yan Zeng, Ying Tang, Yan Yue, Wenxing Li, Xia Qiu, Peng Hu, Jun Tang, Huiqing Wang, Xiaoyan Yang, Yi Qu, Dezhi MuAbstractWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between parental diabetes mellitus and the risk of ADHD in offspring. The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to May 31, 2019. Thirteen observational studies containing 5,052,736 participants were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the quality...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Few if any experts believe that existing psychiatric diagnostic categories included in the DSM/ICD are actually discrete disease entities. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is emblematic of the problems in the existing psychiatric classification system. ADHD symptoms reliably cluster into two correlated dimensions in factor analysis. However, children with ADHD vary considerably in their symptom profiles, symptom trajectories, clinical outcomes, and biological and psychological correlates.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
While there are a number of drugs to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), they can have some pretty serious side effects. Researchers in Singapore at the country’s Institute of Mental Health (IMH), Duke-NUS (National Universit...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Neurology Pediatrics Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
This study aims to analyze the effect of stimulant on processing speed performance and attention indices in children with ASD and ADHD.Methods: Forty children aged 6-18 years diagnosed with ASD who also met the criteria for ADHD were recruited. All children performed a computerized performance test for the assessment of cognitive attention performance three times: twice while they are drug naïve and once an hour after taking a single dose of 10 mg. methylphenidate (MPH). This performance was compared to a group of children diagnosed with 'ADHD only' without ASD.Results: A significant difference (p 
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
[Neurobehavioral Comorbidities in Pentylenetetrazol-kindled Mice and Role of the α4β2 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2019;139(11):1397-1402 Authors: Takechi K Abstract Patients with epilepsy are often affected by not only seizures but also a variety of cognitive and psychiatric comorbidities that further impair their quality of life. However, it is unclear whether epilepsy is associated with psychic function. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effects of kindling-induced epileptic seizures on psychic functioning, using behavioral pharmacological tests. Pent...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research
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