Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants: Overview of Systematic Reviews

AbstractDirect oral anticoagulants are now recommended by major guidelines as first-choice agents for both stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation and treatment/prevention of venous thromboembolism in non-cancer patients. Although there are no published head-to-head trials comparing different direct oral anticoagulants, a growing body of evidence from indirect comparisons and observational studies is suggesting that each direct oral anticoagulant may have a specific risk profile. This review aims to (1) synthesize and critically assess the latest evidence in comparative effectiveness and safety research in the aforementioned consolidated therapeutic uses, by performing an overview of systematic reviews and (2) highlight current challenges, namely underexplored areas, where research should be directed, also considering ongoing unpublished studies. The evidence gathered so far on the risk –benefit profile of direct oral anticoagulants is appraised in the light of existing guidelines to discuss whether further implementation should be proposed.
Source: Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Abstract Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism and preventing stroke in those with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists are recommended for patients with mechanical valves and valvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists inhibit the production of vitamin K-related factors and require a minimum of five days overlap with parenteral anticoagulants, ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Conclusions The presence of comorbidities was linked to NOAC use over vitamin K antagonist, which is different from prescription factor studies in other countries and requires further study.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractThere are no guideline recommendations for the use of anticoagulant therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with cancer, which creates uncertainty about the optimal antithrombotic treatment in these patients. We conducted a network meta-analysis for the first time to assess the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant drugs in patients with AF and concurrent cancer. The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched up to March 2019. A search was made for the main anticoagulant drugs (warfarin, dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban, and edoxaban). Outputs were presented as odds ratios (ORs), their corresponding ...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe anticoagulation strategies for various cardiac-specific pathologies including atrial fibrillation are changing. Applying these strategies in patients with concomitant active cancer requires additional considerations. Here, we review the most recent changes in the anticoagulation management of common cardiac diseases and their application in cancer patients.Recent FindingsThere are a range of indications for therapeutic anticoagulation in cancer patients including venous thromboembolism (VTE), atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF/AFL), prosthetic heart valves, and intracardiac thrombi. Certain cancer...
Source: Current Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we sought to characterise DOAC treatment failures in our institution, and to rationalise the subsequent anticoagulation strategies in this setting. All VTE patients starting a DOAC at our centre are followed in a consultant-led clinic. Cases of suspected treatment failure are also referred from other specialities and primary care. Between September 2014 and May 2018, we identified 59 consecutive patients (male/female: 34/25) in whom a DOAC treatment failure was diagnosed, including non-resolution of the presenting complaint, and recurrence of or a new thrombotic event. Patient mean age at DOAC initiation was...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy Source Type: research
Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1661386Atrial fibrillation (AF) is commonly diagnosed in the setting of active cancer. Because of an increased risk of either thromboembolic events or bleeding, the decision to initiate therapeutic anticoagulation in patients with active cancer can be challenging. Moreover, little is still known about the optimal anticoagulation therapy in the setting of AF and cancer, and no guidelines are as yet available. Considering that nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are recommended as alternatives to vitamin K antagonists for stroke prevention in AF patients with CHA2DS2-VA...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
The objective of this retrospective cohort was to describe real-world anticoagulation prescribing patterns in cancer patients at a large academic medical center between January 1, 2013 and October 31, 2016. We sought to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of DOACs in patients with cancer for either VTE and/or AF. Patient demographic, clinical characteristics, as well as bleeding and thrombotic events were collected. There were 214 patients in our analysis, of which 71 patients (33%) received a DOAC [apixaban (n  = 22), dabigatran (n = 17), and rivaroxaban (n = 32)]. There...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
In conclusion, in non-valvular AF patients, cessation of OAC was independently associated with the risk of stroke, adverse cardiovascular events and mortality. Bleeding events and some variables associated with higher bleeding risk are responsible for OAC cessation. PMID: 28331926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
This article will introduce and provide context for these RCTs in the contemporary management of arterial and venous thromboembolism in the following underserved areas: Patients with both NVAF and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS); patients who require transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR); patients with acute or chronic coronary artery disease (CAD; including those with heart failure [HF]); those at risk of or suffering from cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) and those requiring long-term anticoagulation. It ...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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