Blockade of Renin Angiotensin System Ameliorates the Cardiac Arrythmias and Sympathetic Neural Remodeling in Hearts of Type 2 DM Rat Model.

CONCLUSIONS: RAS have a role in the cardiac sympathetic nerve sprouting and cardiac arrhythmias induced by type 2 DM and its blockade might have a cardioprotective effect via attenuation of sympathetic nerve fibres remodelling, myocardial norepinephrine contents and oxidative stress. PMID: 31544705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

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We describe a unique, complex case of a man resulted affected by both APS-2 and MEN-2a. The patient developed Hashimoto's thyroiditis, diabetes mellitus type 1 and AAD, despite testing negative for adrenal cortex autoantibodies (ACA) and steroid 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies (21-OHAb). Moreover, he had also a family history for MEN-2a and he first developed medullay thyroid cancer, then bilateral pheochromocytoma on the adrenal substrate of an AAD. On adrenal histology we found complete bilateral cortical atrophy in the presence of a lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis, confirming an ACA and 21-OHAb-negative AAD. This da...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Inpatient consultations is very useful to the patient and managing physician. Although a better knowledge in the identification of common ophthalmic conditions can help to reduce the number of inpatient consults from other medical specialties. PMID: 32476114 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: West Afr J Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: In predicting CSA-AKI; the diagnostic value of NGAL is high in the pediatric population while the diagnostic value of TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 is high in adults. PMID: 32479185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomarkers - Category: Research Tags: Biomarkers Source Type: research
Authors: Luo W, Xu C, Phillips S, Gardenswartz A, Rosenblum JM, Ayello J, Lessnick SL, Hao HX, Cairo MS Abstract Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a malignant pediatric bone and soft tissue tumor. Patients with metastatic ES have a dismal outcome which has not been improved in decades. The major challenge in the treatment of metastatic ES is the lack of specific targets and rational combinatorial therapy. We recently found that protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 1A (PPP1R1A) is specifically highly expressed in ES and promotes tumor growth and metastasis in ES. In the current investigation, we show that PPP1R1A regulates ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
This report reveals that 90% of hospitalized patients identified through COVID-NET had underlying conditions, most commonly obesity, chronic lung disease, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news
Authors: Zhang Y, Gao Z, Gao X, Yuan Z, Ma T, Li G, Zhang X Abstract Oxidative stress and inflammation are regarded as prime reasons for the progression and development of diabetic retinopathy. Currently, nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) and NLRP3 inflammasome pathways are under increasing focus in research on oxidative stress and inflammation-related diseases. On the other hand, tilianin (TN) has received much attention because of its various pharmacological properties. Based on results of these studies, this investigation was performed to inspect the ther...
Source: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Upadhyay B, Dwivedi S, Wajid S, Jain SK Abstract Diabetes and tobacco use are two of the largest public health challenges of our time. We aim to investigate the association between the two by comparing biochemical profiles of diabetic tobacco users (TUs) and tobacco nonus-ers (TNUs) to provide insight into the joint effect of tobacco and diabetes on body systems. This case-controlled study included 265 subjects, aged 18-60 yr, from the suburban population of Delhi, India. With the help of a questionnaire, participants are interviewed regarding their history of tobacco use. Results show association of tobac...
Source: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Steinle JJ Abstract Despite decades of research, diabetic retinopathy remains the leading cause of blindness in working age adults. Treatments for early phases for the disease remain elusive. One pathway that appears to regulate neuronal, vascular, and inflammatory components of diabetic retinopathy is the cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) pathway. In this review, we discuss the current literature on cAMP actions on the retina, with a focus on neurovascular changes commonly associated with preproliferative diabetic retinopathy models. PMID: 32476815 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Molecular Vision - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Vis Source Type: research
Conclusions: NCMD has a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes that can overlap with AMD, making it challenging to correctly diagnose affected individuals and family members. The DNA sequence variant we found in the CFH gene of some of the affected family members may suggest some role as a modifier gene. However, this variant still does not explain the huge phenotypic variability of NCMD and needs to be studied in other and larger populations. PMID: 32476814 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Molecular Vision - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Vis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Collectively, these findings suggest that the increased ventricular arrhythmia susceptibility of type 2 diabetic mouse hearts is due to dysregulation of the sympathetic ventricular control. PMID: 31625779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol Source Type: research
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