Speech perception and lexical effects in specific language impairment.
Speech perception and lexical effects in specific language impairment. Clin Linguist Phon. 2013 May;27(5):339-54 Authors: Schwartz RG, Scheffler FL, Lopez K Abstract Using an identification task, we examined lexical effects on the perception of vowel duration as a cue to final consonant voicing in 12 children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 13 age-matched (6;6-9;6) peers with typical language development (TLD). Naturally recorded CV/t/sets [word-word (WW), nonword-nonword (NN), word-nonword (WN) and nonword-word (NW)] were edited to create four 12-step continua. Both groups used duration as an identification cue but it was a weaker cue for children with SLI. For NN, WN and NW continua, children with SLI demonstrated certainty at shorter vowel durations than their TLD peers. Except for the WN continuum, children with SLI demonstrated category boundaries at shorter vowel durations. Both groups exhibited lexical effects, but they were stronger in the SLI group. Performance on the WW continuum indicated adequate perception of fine-grained duration differences. Strong lexical effects indicated reliance on familiar words in speech perception. PMID: 23635335 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions Prevalence of problematic behavior is estimated between 10% and 20% of plastic surgery residents. Type of problematic behavior are similar between integrated and independent residents. Warning signs on initial application are uncommon. As such, understanding problematic behaviors and methods to manage them are essential.
In this study, it was aimed to demonstrate that posterior perichondrioadipodermal flap is a safe and simple method for revision otoplasty. The technique is highly advantageous if the primary otoplasty technique is a cartilage-sparing method. However, if the primary otoplasty technique is a cartilage-sculpting method, the efficiency of this technique remains unknown because no patient in this study had cartilage-sculpting otoplasty as primary otoplasty, which is possibly the main drawback of this study.
Background The goal of microsurgical breast reconstruction is to return to the precancer state, maximizing symmetry with less morbidity. This requires a long learning curve, in particular where modeling is concerned. In this context, reverse engineering technologies found an application, allowing the creation of molds that can be used during the surgery. Method We created 10 molds named DIEP sizers, which help to simplify deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap insetting. For this, we designed a virtual model using Geomagic X software to construct the sizers. Our model has a thorax circumference, breast projec...
Conclusions Our findings reveal that the majority of survey respondents do not immobilize the extremities after autograft without joint involvement. When grafts cross major joints, most surgeons immobilize for 3 or 5 days. Despite some practice variability, surveyed burn surgeons' current lower extremity ambulation practices generally align with the 2012 guidelines of Nedelec et al.
Conclusions It is fundamental that appropriate diagnostic and management guidelines are developed. Furthermore, this case highlights the importance of educating patient's carers and health professionals of key symptoms to be wary of postburn.
The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in clinical outcome of 2-strand and 4-strand flexor tendon repairs in a single unit in adult population. A total of 109 complete divisions of a single flexor tendon were analyzed from 2016 to 2018 retrospectively. Thirty flexor tendons were repaired with 2-strand and 79 tendons were repaired with 4-strand technique. There was no significant difference in the complication rate including rupture, infection, and adhesions. These results support that 4-strand is not superior than 2-strand and that lower volume type of repair would be preferable.
Conclusions We used SIGs to correct nasal deformity in patients with cleft lip nose deformity. The SIG can minimize the amount of the graft used for septal extension and can effectively correct nasal tip and columella deformities.
Conclusion Based on photogrammetry, primary cleft nasal correction in our patients with unilateral cleft lip achieved acceptable and stable outcomes during early childhood.
Conclusions The use of vascularized free omentum flap was effective in cases involving intractable cranial wound infection.
Conclusions Overall, a majority of patients recovered well postoperatively with minimal complications and low rate of reoperation. Our research provides a foundation to develop a risk-stratified approach to determine the need for an ICU admission or early transfer to floor care.