A normative-speaker validation study of two indices developed to quantify tongue dorsum activity from midsagittal tongue shapes.

This study reported adult scores on two measures of tongue shape, based on midsagittal tongue shape data from ultrasound imaging. One of the measures quantified the extent of tongue dorsum excursion, and the other measure represented the place of maximal excursion. Data from six adult speakers of Scottish Standard English without speech disorders were analyzed. The stimuli included a range of consonants in consonant-vowel sequences, with the vowels /a/ and /i/. The measures reliably distinguished between articulations with and without tongue dorsum excursion, and produced robust results on lingual coarticulation of the consonants. The reported data can be used as a starting point for collecting more typical data and for analyzing disordered speech. The measurements do not require head-to-transducer stabilization. Possible applications of the measures include studying tongue dorsum overuse in people with cleft palate, and typical and disordered development of coarticulation. PMID: 23651147 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

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Abstract Most previous studies of speech disorders associated with cleft palate have reported a higher incidence of errors for oral stops, fricatives and affricates compared to nasal stops. However, the results of a recent ultrasound study have raised the possibility that errors affecting nasal consonants might not be as rare as originally thought. A review of the electropalatography (EPG) literature on cleft palate speech has also shown that atypical tongue-palate contact patterns can occur during nasal consonants and that nasal and oral stops are often produced with similar atypical lingual gestures. Therefore, ...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research
Conclusion: The diagnosis of SMCP continues to be rather late, being delayed until a prominent speech disorder is present. Studies for the awareness of health professionals are of great importance for the early diagnosis and intervention of SMCP in order to prevent adverse effects. PMID: 30541253 [PubMed]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
A school-based speech-language pathologist is assessing Eleanor, age  6, when she notes an unusual articulation pattern and nasal quality to Eleanor’s speech. Although Eleanor does not have a cleft palate, the SLP has concerns about palatal function and wants to refer her to a team of professionals specializing in disorders of resonance and velopharyngeal function for further assessment. She asks, “Where do I begin?” Most people with a cleft palate begin working with an interdisciplinary team at birth. However, SLPs occasionally need to seek the guidance of such a team when they suspect velopharynge...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Health Care Private Practice Schools Slider Speech-Language Pathology cleft palate Speech Disorders velopharyngeal dysfunction Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, these preliminary results seem to suggest that the use of deliberate practice can be effective for enhancing articulation in children with cleft palate.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
July is officially Cleft and Craniofacial Awareness month, but I celebrate craniofacial awareness every month. Working with a team of more than a dozen medical and dental professionals, I follow nearly 2,000 patients with craniofacial differences through yearly evaluations, from infancy to young adulthood or beyond. After working in the profession for 28 years—when did THAT happen?!—evaluating and treating patients with craniofacial differences is second nature to me. So I sometimes forget that when these patients go home, the speech-language pathologists helping them might not know about the same strategies or...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Academia & Research Health Care Slider Speech-Language Pathology cleft palate craniofacial disorders Speech Disorders Source Type: blogs
Do you serve patients with cleft palate or craniofacial and velopharyngeal disorders? Then ASHA Special Interest Group 5 can help. Find out what affiliate Amy Morgan Linde gained from being a part of SIG 5. When did you join your SIG—and what made you want to join? I first joined SIG 5 in 2010, shortly after taking a position on a cleft/craniofacial team. It was a great way to link up with colleagues who share similar interests and learn more about cleft-palate–related speech disorders and management. How has your involvement with the SIG helped you in your career? Being active in SIG 5 has allowed me to ...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Academia & Research Health Care Slider Speech-Language Pathology cleft palate craniofacial Speech Disorders Source Type: blogs
Do you serve patients with cleft palate or craniofacial and velopharyngeal disorders? Then ASHA Special Interest Group 5 can help. Find out what affiliate Amy Morgan Linde gained from being a part of SIG 5. When did you join your SIG—and what made you want to join? I first joined SIG 5 in 2010, shortly after taking a position on a cleft/craniofacial team. It was a great way to link up with colleagues who share similar interests and learn more about cleft-palate–related speech disorders and management. How has your involvement with the SIG helped you in your career? Being active in SIG 5 has allowed me to ...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Academia & Research Health Care Slider Speech-Language Pathology cleft palate craniofacial Speech Disorders Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Patients still present with both obligatory and compensatory speech disorders following Sommerlad's palatoplasty. In the future, a Dutch speech assessment protocol will be developed in order to standardize follow-up of these patients and to allow for within-center and inter-center comparisons. PMID: 29397063 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Communication Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Commun Disord Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) is a common birth defect of complex etiology. CL/P surgery is generally performed in infancy to allow for improvements in esthetics, suckling, and speech disorders as quickly as possible. We have engaged in activities such as free‐of‐charge surgery for CL/P a total of 12 times from 2001 to 2016 in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos). The United Nations has designated Laos as a Least Developed Country; it is one of the poorest countries in Asia. We have carried out our activities for a long time, primarily in CL/P patients who cannot undergo surgery for financial reasons, and ...
Source: Congenital Anomalies - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsWithin the centralized service there is centre‐level variation in secondary speech surgery, intervention and speech outcomes. These findings support the importance of early management of fistulae, effective management of velopharyngeal insufficiency and hearing impairment, and most importantly speech intervention in the preschool years. Parental concern about speech is a good indicator of speech status.
Source: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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