Molecular subtyping of gastric cancer with respect to the growth pattern of lymph-node metastases.

CONCLUSION: The present findings suggest that alterations in gastric cancer leading to ENE are not associated with alterations underpinning the molecular subgroups. Nonetheless, molecular subtyping on the basis of IHC and ISH is feasible and might become clinical routine. Thus, further studies are needed to clarify the mechanisms of extranodal extension in gastric cancer. PMID: 31541339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research

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Abstract CHFR is a tumor suppressor that not only recognizes poly(ADP-ribosylation) (PARylation) signals at the sites of DNA damage but also is downregulated in many types of cancer. However, the underlying mechanism linking its role in PARylation-mediated DNA damage repair and tumor suppression is unclear. Here, we examined a panel of gastric cancer cell lines as well as primary tissue samples from gastric cancer patients, and found that CHFR expression was silenced by DNA hypermethylation in gastric cancer including 38.46% of primary gastric cancers. DNMT1 was associated with aberrant methylation of CHFR, and th...
Source: Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Transl Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present findings suggest that alterations in gastric cancer leading to ENE are not associated with alterations underpinning the molecular subgroups. Nonetheless, molecular subtyping on the basis of IHC and ISH is feasible and might become clinical routine. Thus, further studies are needed to clarify the mechanisms of extranodal extension in gastric cancer.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Wang Y, Zhang B, Gao G, Zhang Y, Xia Q Abstract Guanine nucleotide exchange factor T (GEFT), a member of the Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor family, is expressed in a variety of tumors. In the present study, the expression and clinical significance of GEFT in malignant digestive tract tumors was assessed. Tumor and adjacent control samples from 180 patients were tested. Positive GEFT expression rates were 80, 83.33 and 86.67% in esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC), gastric carcinoma (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC), respectively. GEFT expression was associated with diffuse type carcinoma according ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
AbstractBackground.Alterations in the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway confer sensitivity to certain chemotherapies, radiation, and other DNA damage repair targeted therapies. BRCA1/2 are the most well‐studied DDR genes, but recurrent alterations are described in other DDR pathway members across cancers. Deleterious DDR alterations may sensitize tumor cells to poly (ADP‐ribose) polymerase inhibition, but there are also increasing data suggesting that there may also be synergy with immune checkpoint inhibitors. The relevance of DDR defects in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers is understudied. We sought to characterize DDR...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research
ConclusionMSI has the potential to become a key predictor for evaluating the degree of malignancy, efficacy and prognosis of tumours. Clinically, MSI patterns will provide more valuable information for clinicians to create optimal individualized treatment strategies based on frameshift peptides vaccines.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results reveal the frequency of these biomarkers in different malignancies, with potential implications for PD ‐1/PD‐L1 blockade use for Chinese patients with cancer.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
In this study, we examined whether reduced BER capacity associated with mutation in the POLB gene, along with increased DNA damage generated by H. pylori infection, accelerates gastric cancer development. By infecting a Pol β mutant mouse model that lacks dRP lyase with H. pylori, we show that reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) mediated DNA damage is accumulated in Pol β mutant mice (L22P). In addition, H. pylori infection in Leu22Pro (L22P) mice significantly increases inducible nitric oxide synthesis (iNOS) mediated chronic inflammation. Our data show that L22P mice exhibited accelerated H. pyl...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: The expression of lncRNAs is abnormal in the kidney of LN. LncRNA RP11-2B6.2 is a novel positive regulator of IFN-I pathway through epigenetic inhibition of SOCS1, which provides a new therapeutic target to alleviate over-activated IFN-I signaling in LN. Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disorder characterized by the occurrence of a wide range of autoantibodies and organ damage and predominantly affects women at childbearing age (1, 2). Lupus nephritis (LN) is considered one of the most prevalent and serious complications of SLE with high morbidity and mortali...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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