Corticosteroids Impair Granulocyte Transfusion Therapy By Targeting NET Formation and Neutrophil Antifungal Functions Via ROS/Dectin1 Pathways
Corticosteroids Impair Granulocyte Transfusion Therapy By Targeting NET Formation and Neutrophil Antifungal Functions Via ROS/Dectin1 PathwaysConference abstracts
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Journal of Bioscience and BioengineeringAuthor(s): Adinda P. Wisman, Yoshihiro Tamada, Shuji Hirohata, Katsuya Gomi, Eiichiro Fukusaki, Shuichi ShimmaIn sake brewing, the quality of rice koji is evaluated by experienced sake brewers based on visual inspection of the haze, which is defined by the extent of fungal hyphae spread on/into the rice grains. There is an increasing interest in understanding the factors that affect the quality of rice koji, which is dependent on its making process. Several studies have focused on the degree of mycelial penetration (haze-komi)...
Updated Date: Tue, 15 Oct 2019 00:00:00 EDT
Aflatoxins (AFs) as potent food contaminants are highly detrimental to human and animal health. The production of such biological toxins is influenced by environmental factors including pollutants, such as dioxins. Here, we report the biological feedback of an active AF-producer strain of A. flavus upon in vitro exposure to the most toxic congener of dioxins, the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The phenotype of TCDD-exposed A. flavus was typified by a severe limitation in vegetative growth, activation of conidia formation and a significant boost in AF production. Furthermore, the level of reactive oxygen ...
In this study we comparatively investigated the SSC of powdered pomegranate husks by A. niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae and evaluated the recovery yields of EA by an ultrasound and microwave-assisted 7:3 water/ethanol extraction. Surprisingly enough, the yields obtained by S. cerevisiae fermentation (4% w/w) were found 5-fold higher than those of the A. niger fermented material, with a 10-fold increase with respect to the unfermented material. The EA origin was traced by HPLC analysis that showed a significant decrease in the levels of punicalagin isomers and granatin B and formation of punicalin following fermentation....