« Je me sens déshandicapée ». Approche anthropologique de la chirurgie de l’obésité et des situations de sortie de handicap

Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: AlterAuthor(s): Aurélien TroisoeufsRésuméEn 2014, la Cour européenne de justice reconnaît, pour la première fois, que l’obésité sévère puisse être considérée comme une situation de handicap au travail. Cette reconnaissance, pas encore appliquée en France, émerge dans un contexte où l’obésité comme maladie à soigner semble faire consensus. Le développement de la chirurgie de l’obésité et ses résultats médicaux renforcent actuellement cette perspective. L’absence de débats publics, en France, concernant cette potentielle reconnaissance d’handicap de l’obésité, et simultanément l’utilisation fréquente du terme handicap ou « déshandicap » par les personnes opérées pour évoquer les effets de cette chirurgie sont les deux constats à l’origine de l’article. Dans une démarche ethnographique, il est proposé de rendre compte de la façon dont les personnes, expérimentant cette transformation corporelle, participent à redéfinir l’obésité, la chirurgie bariatrique et le handicap, en amont des débats et décisions politiques que pourrait déclen...
Source: ALTER - European Journal of Disability Research - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for managing morbid obesity. Little evidence has been reported regarding objective assessments of patient disability after surgery. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Score (WHODAS) 2.0 is a validated tool for assessing the level of disability after surgery, including assessment of difficulty with activities of daily living, social activities, and overall functioning.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for managing morbid obesity. Little evidence has been reported regarding objective assessments of patient disability after surgery. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Score 2.0 is a validated tool for assessing the level of disability after surgery, including assessment of difficulty with activities of daily living, social activities, and overall functioning.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings, which highlight the clinical significance of overvaluation of weight or shape among patients with LOC eating following bariatric surgery, are similar to those previously reported for binge-eating disorder. Postoperatively, overvaluation of weight or shape was associated with greater eating disorder psychopathology, depression, and disability. PMID: 31207166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
Obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 30.0 kg/m2, is a major public health issue that contributes to significant disability, mortality, and health care costs (1,2). During the past 50 years, there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of obesity in the United States, which now affects more than one third of adults (3). P atients with obesity are at increased risk for the development of other serious medical conditions, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (1,2). As such, there has been an increase in the prevalence of T2DM that mirrors that of obesity, with approximately 26 million adults in th...
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Conclusions Two, Not Mutually Exclusive, Hypotheses We have reviewed and organized the literature with the intent of showing the existing parallels between excessive fat accumulation and the aging process. We have categorized these reports following what have been proposed to be the nine hallmarks of aging (21) (Figure 1). Based on the evidence, two distinct hypotheses can be proposed. One is that the cellular responses provoked by an excess of nutrients cause obesity, and that obesity is responsible for accelerating the pace of aging. Supporting this hypothesis are the observations that knocking out the fat-specific ins...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsObese patients demonstrated lower functional performance compared with their non-obese counterparts, while cervical lordosis was diminished and the cSVA was increased in obese patients.Graphical abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study examined the role of pain catastrophizing as a predictor of chronic pain grade, intensity and disability in bariatric surgery candidates.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This study seeks to examine the relationship between individuals experiencing chronic pain and bariatric surgery outcomes.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Medicare eligibility in patients
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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