Associations of alcohol consumption status with activities of daily living among older adults in China - Lee YH, Lu P, Chang YC, Shelley M, Lee YT, Liu CT.

This study assesses the relatio...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

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Conclusions: The prevalence of CNS anomalies was the highest, followed by musculoskeletal system anomalies. The type of birth defect, gestational age, weight of newborn and twin pregnancy significantly affected outcomes of the newborns with congenital anomalies. Therefore, in order to reduce the prevalence of CMs, the identification and management of risk factors should be the focus of stakeholders.Ethiop. J. Health Dev.2019; 33(3):167-173]Key words: Birth defect, Prevalence, Newborns, Outcomes, South Wollo.
Source: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development - Category: African Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The authors' findings provide insight regarding the mechanisms of spinal cord stimulation failure that resulted in total removal of the implanted system. The relationship between spinal cord stimulation failure and certain psychiatric disorders, such as PTSD, depression, and anxiety, is highlighted. Ultimately, this work may shed light on potential avenues to reduce morbidity and improve patient outcomes. PMID: 31585414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Drinking and driving is one of the leading causes of accidents resulting in significant death and disability [1]. According to National Highway and Safety Administration (NHSTA), in the United State alone, there were approximately 30 deaths per day in 2017 due to drunk driving [2]. A recent report showed that approximately 31% of occupants in motor vehicle crashes had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at or above the legal limit (0.08 g/d) [3]. An intoxicated motorcyclist involved in a crash was nearly 28 times more likely to be killed than passenger car occupants per miles driven [4].
Source: Injury - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a vascular brain disease that causes very high rates of death and disability. Whether surgical or medical treatment is more appropriate is controversial. The purpose of the study was to examine the morbidity and mortality rates of surgical and medical therapy and their differences in order to determine which patients should be operated. In our study, the authors selected randomly and evaluated retrospectively 49 patients who were operated in HaydarpaƟa Numune Research and Education Hospital Neurosurgery Clinic and 51 patients who received medical therapy at Neurology Clinic ...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Prenatal alcohol has long been recognized as having the potential to adversely affect fetal brain development. Alcohol consumption in women of reproductive age and in the first few weeks of an unplanned pregnancy is common. Although some children affected by alcohol exhibit characteristic minor facial anomalies, growth deficiency, and microcephaly (fetal alcohol syndrome), most children affected by alcohol have few or none of these physical features (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, or FASD). The neurobehavioral abnormalities in FASD can include deficits in cognitive performance, executive functioning, attention, memory, ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Tobacco smoking is associated with adverse health effects, and its relationship to pain is complex. The longitudinal effect of smoking on patients attending a tertiary pain management center is not well established. Using the Collaborative Health Outcomes Information Registry of patients attending the Stanford Pain Management Center from 2013 to 2017, we conducted a propensity-weighted analysis to determine independent effects of smoking on patients with chronic pain. We adjusted for covariates including age, sex, body mass index, depression and anxiety history, ethnicity, alcohol use, marital status, disability, and educa...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the association between job demand –control–support combinations and trajectories of disability in later life and to further explore the role of cognitive decline and the co-occurrence of chronic diseases in mediating this association. Methods and findingsIn this cohort study, 2,937 community dwellers aged 60+ years (mean age 73 ± 10.6; 62.9% female) residing in the Kungsholmen District of Stockholm, Sweden, participated in the baseline survey (2001–2004) and were followed up to 12 years. Lifelong occupational history was obtained through a standardized interview; jo...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Substance use disorders affect more than 19 million people in the United States 12 years and older (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2018). The economic burden in the United States related to tobacco, illicit drugs, and alcohol abuse is $740 billion annually (NIDA, 2017). Substance use disorder (SUD) is defined as significant impairment of function including health issues, disability, and failure to meet expectations at home, work, or school related to persistent use of alcohol and/or drugs (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015).
Source: Nursing Outlook - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Both programs are innovative public policies that deal with health issues caused by the external agents that ultimately account for the rapid increase in days lost to disability. Prevention of external causes of deaths and injuries, such as traffic violence, strongly correlates with changes in habits and actions, especially excessive consumption of alcohol, and with NCDs in Brazil. PMID: 31508671 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of the Internet by people with disabilities was associated with improved wellbeing, better mental health and more beneficial health behaviours. These findings support the development of intensive actions to reduce the digital divide for the population of people with disabilities.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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