Non-Bariatric Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Journal of Laparoendoscopic&Advanced Surgical Techniques, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe LSG and RYGB both impart dramatic meaningful loss in excess body weight. In addition, both the LSG and RYGB impart dramatic reductions in fat mass. However, both procedures induce loss of lean mass and there appears to be no difference between the two procedures in this regard despite their anatomic and physiologic differences.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP) in morbidly obese individuals in two moments following bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass): post-anesthetic recovery (PAR) and first postoperative day (1PO). DESIGN Randomized and blinded clinical trial. METHODS We studied 40 morbidly obese individuals aged between 25 and 55 years who underwent pulmonary function test and chest X-ray preoperatively, and on the day of discharge (2nd day after surgery). They were randomly allocated into two groups: PAR-G (BiPAP in PAR for one hour), and 1PO-G (BIPAP for one hour on the 1PO). RESULTS...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Unsatisfactory weight loss is common after bariatric surgery in patients with super obesity (Body Mass Index [BMI] ≥50 kg/m2). Unfortunately, this group of patients is increasing worldwide.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
We have read with great interest this study (1) analyzing the perioperative outcomes of Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in super-obese patients (SO, body mass index (BMI) 50 - 59.9 kg/m2) and super-super obese patients (SSO, BMI ≥ 60 kg/m2). The authors investigated the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database and 356,621 patients met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 255,459 (71.6%) underwent SG and 101,162 (28.4%) underwent RYGB.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to assess MVPA changes during the rapid weight loss phase through self-reporting and objective measures.MethodsPhysical activity patterns were assessed as minutes per day spent doing MVPA. A walking cadence of ≥ 100 steps per minute defined MVPA. Individuals completing gastric bypass (N = 7) and sleeve gastrectomy (N = 17) procedures (21 females, 3 males, age 42.2 ± 12.6 years, body mass 121.8 ± 24.8 kg, BMI 44.0 ± 6.5) completed office visits at 12 ± 6 days pre- and 35&th...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractLaparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a standalone procedure has gained a lot of popularity over laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the last decades and is the most frequently performed bariatric procedure worldwide; however, the long-term results are not promising in terms of weight regain and re-emergence of comorbidities. Considering the proven concept of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, many novel procedures have been developed involving a sleeve gastrectomy along with some intestinal bypass or alteration in small intestine anatomy. These procedures show better technical feasibility and are as...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) to treat obesity and associated comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, is well established. As diabetes may add risk to the perioperative period, we sought to characterize perioperative outcomes of these surgical procedures in diabetic patients.MethodsUsing the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database, we identified patients who underwent LSG and LRYGB between 2015 and 2017, grouping by non-diabetics (NDM), non-insulin-dependent dia...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionEE is more prevalent after SG compared with RYGB in a pre-bariatric surgery cohort with GERD. SG is associated with significant esophageal physiologic changes conducive to GERD and its clinical consequences.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This article aims to discuss challenges faced by health-care providers when managing patients with obesity and to highlight sustainable policies in clinical practice and future research. All health professionals dealing with obesity should consider lifestyle-modification programmes within a multidisciplinary setting as the key element of weight management. However, standardisation is needed in terms of nature, content and duration of these programmes in order to facilitate their implementation in clinical practice at different levels. Moreover, health professionals should be aware that these programmes, for patients indica...
Source: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Bariatric surgery (BAS) may result in adverse outcomes that include appearance of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and/or failure to reach the weight reduction goal. This retrospective study tested the hypothesis that pre-operative gastric emptying (GE) abnormality is responsible for adverse post-surgical outcomes. Pre-operative GE was performed using the standard solid-meal GE scintigraphy (GES) in 111 consecutive patients (105 females and 6 males, mean age 46.2 years, range 20–70 years) who were evaluated for BAS. All underwent BAS – 93 had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and 18 had Roux-en-Y (ReY) gastr...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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