The Risk of Autoimmune Disorders in Treated Celiac Disease Patients in Olmsted County, Minnesota

Background: Patients with autoimmune disorders (ADs) are at increased risk for celiac disease (CD), but data are conflicting on the risk of ADs in treated patients with CD. We aimed to assess the incidence of ADs in treated patients with CD. Methods: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, we retrospectively searched for the medical records at Mayo Clinic and Olmsted Medical Center from January 1997 to December 2015 for patients with CD who met accepted diagnostic criteria. For each patient with CD, we identified 2 age and sex-matched controls during the same study period. The incidence rate of AD diagnosis 5 years after index date was calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis for the CD cases and controls and compared using the log-rank test. Results: We identified 249 treated patients with CD during the study period and 498 matched controls, with mean (standard deviation) ages of 32 (22) years and 33 (22) years, respectively. One third of patients (n = 85) and controls (n = 170) were boys. Five years after the index date, 5.0% of patients with CD and 1.3% of controls had a de novo AD diagnosis (P = 0.006). In the presence of a prior AD, the cumulative risk of a de novo or additional AD was significantly higher in the CD group compared with controls (P 1 AD diagnosis exists.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Celiac Disease Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewFunctional dyspepsia is a common condition, and the condition is defined by symptoms using Rome IV criteria. This review addresses the issue of functional dyspepsia in elderly patients, epidemiology, investigation, and treatment.Recent FindingsRecent studies show that while the prevalence of dyspepsia declines in the elderly, it is still prevalant investigations to confirm the diagnosis (including mandatory upper gastrointestinal endoscopy) must exclude organic disease. These include ulcers (particularly associated with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs),Helicobacter pylori pathologies, cancer, c...
Source: Current Gastroenterology Reports - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results have not confirmed the usefulness of the POC test in screening the general population of first-grade schoolchildren. Further research is needed to establish the true epidemiology of CD in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County and to confirm the value of the rapid test in comparison with standard antibody CD testing. PMID: 31687014 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
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Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
(Natural News) Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that causes damage to the small intestine. When people with this disease ingest gluten, this protein triggers an immune response that damages the villi, which are small projections along the small intestine necessary for nutrient absorption. The consequences of gluten consumption for people with celiac disease can be severe, hence they...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
In this study, 40 patients of CD and 40 healthy control samples were genotyped for HLA-DQB1 and 14 patients of CD and 14 healthy control samples were genotyped for HLA-DQA1genes using the SSP-PCR technique and a commercial kit.The DQA1*05 allele had the highest frequency among the patient group (42.86%). The frequency of this allele was 28.57% in healthy controls, and there was no statistically significant difference in this case (p= 0.771).The DQB1*02 allele was the most common in patients (33.75%) followed by the DQB1*03 allele (31.25%).The difference in frequency of the HLA-DQB1*02 allele in the patient and control grou...
Source: Human Antibodies - Category: Biochemistry Tags: Hum Antibodies Source Type: research
Authors: Oujamaa I, Sebbani M, Elmoumou L, Bourrahouate A, El Qadiry R, El Moussaoui S, Ait Sab I, Sbihi M, Ennazk L, El Mghari-Tabib G, El Ansari N, Baizri H, Amine M, Admou B Abstract Objective: We aimed to determine the prevalence of specific auto-antibodies to celiac disease (CD) in Moroccan type 1 diabetic (T1D) patients and compare the clinical and biological characteristics of seropositive and seronegative cases. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 276 T1D patients including 109 adults and 167 pediatric cases. The screening for CD was performed by an Elisa IgA anti-tissue tra...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
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Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ONLINE ARTICLES: Original Articles Source Type: research
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