Evaluating Intellectual Disability After the Moore v. Texas Redux.

This article reviews the history of the U.S. Supreme Court's rulings on intellectual disability in capital cases, highlighting the difficulty states have had in devising a workable definition that meets constitutional standards. The Court's decisions in Penry v. Lynaugh (1989), Atkins v. Virginia (2002), and Hall v. Florida (2014) are briefly summarized. Next, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals' ruling in Ex parte Briseno (2004) is discussed as a prelude to the Supreme Court's decision in Moore v. Texas I (2017). On remand, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals interpreted the Supreme Court's Moore I ruling in a manner that resulted in finding Mr. Moore intellectually able, and therefore eligible for the death penalty, in Ex parte Moore II (2018). Finally, the importance of the Supreme Court's most recent ruling on intellectual disability in capital cases, Moore v. Texas II (2019), is explored in depth. The article concludes with recommendations for best practices among forensic evaluators who assess capital defendants for intellectual disability. PMID: 31533993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law - Category: Medical Law Tags: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law Source Type: research

Related Links:

Objective: To compare the rate of malreduction after high fibular fractures associated with syndesmosis injury treated with open reduction and internal fixation, with either 2 screws or 1 knotless TightRope device. Design: Prospective randomized controlled multicenter trial. Setting: Eleven academic and community hospitals including Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers across Canada. Patients/Participants: One hundred three patients with OTA/AO 44-C injuries with demonstrated radiographic syndesmosis diastasis or instability after malleolar bony fixation were followed for 12 months after treatment. Methods: Ope...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Three thousand eight hundred ten articles were identified, and 12 met inclusion criteria. These studies encompassed 497 patients with an average age of 14.1 years (8–18 years, range). Both operative and nonoperative management of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures in this population provide excellent rates of union and patient-reported outcome measures. Compared with nonoperative management, operative management yielded faster return to activity, superior Constant scores, and equal QuickDASH scores. Operative management had higher complication rates and complications that required secondary operativ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conditions:   Hypersalivation;   Cerebral Palsy Interventions:   Other: Drooling Impact Scale;   Other: Drooling Frequency and Severity Scale;   Other: The Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD™);   Other: Drooling Quotient (DQ);   Other: Patient and caregiver visual analog scale (VAS) for drooling;   Other: Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS);   Other: number of bibs daily used;   Other: number of hospital admissions p...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: We have, therefore, concluded that a controlled home-based exercise program is as effective as hospital-based rehabilitation following arthroscopic capsulolabral repair for anterior shoulder instability. PMID: 31629337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
This study is the first to report the presence of defective interhemispheric connectivity at the time of birth in Ts65Dn mice, providing evidence that early therapeutic intervention may be an effective time window for the treatment of Down syndrome.
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe role of caregivers ’ age in their QoL differs depending on the nature of the stressor, and an accumulation of stressors can have a particularly negative impact on older caregivers. Interventions should be adapted for caregivers of different ages and take into account the particular sources of stress they have to cop e with.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This study aims to address this gap.MethodsThe study used data from the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging (NUJLSOA) and incidence-based multistate life tables to estimate disabled and disability-free life expectancy based on the stroke status of Japanese residents aged 65 and older.ResultsJapanese stroke survivors aged 65 who experienced an initial disability-free state could expect to live approximately 3 fewer total years of life, 4 –5 fewer years in a disability-free state, and 1–2 more years in a disabled state compared to those without history of a stroke (p 
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
(Natural News) Multiple sclerosis is scary enough on its own, especially since it is expensive and painful to treat. But a new study warns that one out of every five patients diagnosed with the disease has a different medical condition that shares the same symptoms. A common cause of disability, multiple sclerosis takes place when...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionWe found that there is a lack of high-quality evidence-based studies on the pharmacological treatment of PTH. Future studies are highly needed and must emphasize open-label studies with rigorous methodology or RCTs with a placebo-controlled design.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract In Type II lepromatous reaction, there is exacerbation of humoral immunity, classified as Gell &Coombs Type III hypersensitivity reaction. It is more common in lepromatous borderline (LB) and lepromatous lepromatous (LL) patients. Our objective was to study the clinical and laboratorial expressions of lepromatous Type II reactions, establishing concordances between them, and for this the medical records of leprosy patients observed at the Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (HUCFF/UFRJ) were reviewed. There were a total of 358 leprosy cases over a per...
Source: Skinmed - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Skinmed Source Type: research
More News: Academies | Disability | Forensic Medicine | Legislation | Medical Law | Psychiatry