Epidemiology of chronic hepatitis B and C in Victoria, Australia: insights and impacts from enhanced surveillance.

CONCLUSIONS: Improved data completeness highlighted the underlying epidemiology of chronic viral hepatitis, demonstrating the increased burden of infection among specific priority populations. Implications for public health: Enhanced surveillance provides greater insight into the epidemiology of chronic viral hepatitis, identifying groups at risk and opportunities for public health action. PMID: 31535439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Bacterial, viral, or overall infection was associated with increased Parkinson's disease risk.Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis C virus, Malassezia, and pneumoniae infection were positively associated with the risk of Parkinson's disease. However, infection of herpes virus, hepatitis B virus, pertussis, scarlet fever, mumps, chicken pox, influenza virus, measles, and German measles was not. AbstractAimsRecent studies showed that patients with various bacterial, viral, and fungal infections might be at increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the risk of PD in patients with each specific infection varied. This meta...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractThere is increasing demand for organ and tissue donations to cater for a growing waiting list of recipients. Serological screening of donors remains the initial assessment upon which many decisions are made, particularly if donors are found to be seropositive. Multiple different platforms are now available, although the Abbott ARCHITECT platform assays are currently licensed globally for testing of blood collected at less than 15  h post-mortem. Compliance with the specified maximum collection times drastically decreases the number of eligible deceased donors, with ~ 70% more donations available if scre...
Source: Cell and Tissue Banking - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Abstract There have been various estimates of the prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections in Nigeria. Recent studies have shown the prevalence to be lower than previously reported. The different populations studied might be responsible for this. It is important to have a real population data that would inform the policies to be adopted for eradication. We set out to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and pattern of hepatitis B and C in Benue State, Central Nigeria. Four thousand and five (4,005) subjects, aged 1 year and older, were selected through a multistage random sampling to represent all parts of th...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Bacterial, viral, or overall infection was associated with increased Parkinson's disease risk.Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis C virus, Malassezia, and pneumoniae infection were positively associated with the risk of Parkinson's disease. However, infection of herpes virus, hepatitis B virus, pertussis, scarlet fever, mumps, chicken pox, influenza virus, measles, and German measles was not. AbstractAimsRecent studies showed that patients with various bacterial, viral, and fungal infections might be at increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the risk of PD in patients with each specific infection varied. This meta...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A routine offer of BBV testing for people with severe mental illness in the outpatient setting is feasible and may detect treatable infections. PMID: 32019350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Lesions categorized as LI-RADS 5 were detected in approximately 32% of the patients, with almost perfect agreement between the radiologists. The level of agreement was substantial or moderate for the other LI-RADS categories.Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar les ões hepáticas de acordo com a classificação LI-RADS nas tomografias computadorizadas de pacientes com hepatite B, co-infectados ou não com vírus delta, e com hepatite C crõnica, e o grau de concordância entre os radiologistas. Materiais e Métodos: Foram incluídos 38 pacientes com hepatite B, co...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
HIV-associated kidney disease is evolving rapidly. Few North American studies have addressedmodern trends and none has applied the 2018 Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) pathologic classification. Therefore we performed a retrospective clinical-pathologic analysis of all HIV-positive patients with kidney biopsy interpreted at Columbia University from 2010-2018 using the KDIGO classification. The biopsy cohort of 437 HIV-positive patients had median age 53 years, including 66% males, 80% on anti-retroviral therapy, 57% with hypertension, 31% with diabetes, 27% with hepatitis C and 6% with hepatitis B co-infections.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research
ConclusionA substantial further reduction in cases of HCC requires a wider application of universal HBV vaccination and effective treatment of HBV- and HCV-related chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, more effective campaigns to favor correct dietary habits and reduce alcohol consumption and the intensification of studies on HCC pathogenesis for future optimized prevention strategies.
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Prävention der nosokomialen Übertragung von Hepatitis-B-Virus (HBV) und Hepatitis-C-Virus (HCV) durch im Gesundheitswesen Tätige : Empfehlungen der Deutschen Vereinigung zur Bekämpfung der Viruskrankheiten (DVV) e. V. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2020 Feb;63(2):218-225 Authors: Glebe D, van Bömmel F, Dudareva S, Gärtner B, Monazahian M, Roß S, Rösler J, Slanina H, Spickhoff A, Thanheiser M, Schüttler CG PMID: 32002594 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
Abstract Autoinflammation and PLCG2-associated antibody deficiency and immune dysregulation (APLAID) is an autosomal dominant autoinflammatory disease characterized by episodic skin, musculoskeletal, ophthalmic and gastrointestinal tract symptoms. Here we report an 11-year-old girl with a history of repeated episodes of fever, myalgia, arthralgia, abdominal pain, and urticarial rash in the trunk and limbs. Chest and pelvic X-Ray, sacroiliac joints MRI, brain MRI and abdominal CT scan were normal. Anti-nuclear antibody, Rheumatoid factor, cryoglobulin, ANCA/PR3, p-ANCA/MPO, anti-smooth muscle antibody and anti-mito...
Source: Immunology Letters - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunol Lett Source Type: research
More News: Australia Health | China Health | Epidemiology | Hepatitis | Hepatitis B | Hepatitis C | International Medicine & Public Health | New Zealand Health | Vietnam Health