IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3521: How Safe is Chicken Litter for Land Application as an Organic Fertilizer? A Review
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3521: How Safe is Chicken Litter for Land Application as an Organic Fertilizer? A Review International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16193521 Authors: Kyakuwaire Olupot Amoding Nkedi-Kizza Basamba Chicken litter application on land as an organic fertilizer is the cheapest and most environmentally safe method of disposing of the volume generated from the rapidly expanding poultry industry worldwide. However, little is known about the safety of chicken litter for land application and general release into the environment. Bridging this knowledge gap is crucial for maximizing the benefits of chicken litter as an organic fertilizer and mitigating negative impacts on human and environmental health. The key safety concerns of chicken litter are its contamination with pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, helminthes, parasitic protozoa, and viruses; antibiotics and antibiotic-resistant genes; growth hormones such as egg and meat boosters; heavy metals; and pesticides. Despite the paucity of literature about chicken litter safety for land application, the existing information was scattered and disjointed in various sources, thus making them not easily accessible and difficult to interpret. We consolidated scattered pieces of information about known contaminants found in chicken litter that are of potential risk to human, animal, and environmental health and how they are spread. This review tested the ...
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Cheng Han, Yinping Zhang, Marc Redmile-Gordon, Huan Deng, Zhenggui Gu, Qiguo Zhao, Fang Wang
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Peter A. Bain, Adrienne Gregg, Alok K. Pandey, Mohana Krishna Reddy Mudiam, Peta A. Neale, Anu Kumar
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Jinquan Chen, Xuan Li, Wei Jia, Shili Shen, Shengjiong Deng, Bohua Ji, Junjun Chang
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Anthony Beauvois, Delphine Vantelon, Jacques Jestin, Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz, Charlotte Catrouillet, Valérie Briois, Thomas Bizien, Mélanie Davranche
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Publication date: January 2021Source: Safety Science, Volume 133Author(s): Helen Lingard, Tracy Cooke, Greg Zelic, James Harley
CONCLUSIONS: Xyloglucan/gelose plus ORS was effective and safe in treating acute diarrhea in children. PMID: 33028102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
Author Affiliations open 1Public Health Institute, Oakland, California, USA 2Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA 3Instituto de Microbiologia, Colegio de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador 4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 5Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 6Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA PDF Version (176 KB) Abstract ...