Purification and characterization of turanose, a sucrose isomer and its anti-inflammatory effects in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model

In conclusion, turanose can attenuate colitis via regulatory effects on miRNA-21 expression and histone acetylation-related proinflammatory mediators. These findings also support further exploration of turanose as a potential therapeutic sugar substitute for patients with IBD.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: A policy ofroutine appendicectomy atthe time of pancreas transplant appears to be justified and safe. PMID: 31580234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
Abstract An in vitro model of intestinal epithelium with an immune component was bioengineered to mimic immunologic responses seen in inflammatory bowel disease. While intestinal immune phenomena can be modeled in transwells and 2D culture systems, 3D tissue models improve physiological relevance by providing a 3D substrate which enable migration of macrophages towards the epithelium. An intestinal epithelial layer comprised of non-transformed human colon organoid cells and a subepithelial layer laden with monocyte-derived macrophages was bioengineered to mimic native intestinal mucosa cell organization using spon...
Source: Biomaterials - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Biomaterials Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:A number of studies have showed an association between PD and IBD. Both diseases share genetic and environmental etiological factors. The precise role of intestinal bacteria remains vague. The periodontal microbiota that might be involved in the association of these diseases are Fusobacterium nucleatum, Campylobacter rectus and Campylobacter concisus. Fungal and viral microbiota dysbiosis should also be evaluated as common pathogenic pathways in IBD and periodontal disease.
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: A number of studies have showed an association between PD and IBD. Both diseases share genetic and environmental etiological factors. The precise role of intestinal bacteria remains vague. The periodontal microbiota that might be involved in the association of these diseases are Fusobacterium nucleatum, Campylobacter rectus and Campylobacter concisus. Fungal and viral microbiota dysbiosis should also be evaluated as common pathogenic pathways in IBD and periodontal disease. PMID: 31522142 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Goals: The goal of this study was to observe the bacterial colonization in the intestinal mucosa in the patients with diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) and ulcerative colitis (UC), and compare the mucosa-associated microbiota among the IBS-D patients, UC patients and the healthy control, and explore the correlation of the mucosa-associated microbiota with clinical manifestations. Study: A total of 20 IBS-D patients, 28 patients with UC (16 active, 12 inactive) and 16 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. They all underwent colonoscopies in the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Center in the Second ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Celiac disease is a complex autoimmune enteropathy of the small intestine that commonly occurs in genetically predisposed individuals due to intake of gluten and related proteins. Gluten consumption, duration of breast-feeding, various infections, especially frequent intestine infections, vaccinations and use of antibiotics can be linked to celiac disease. It is predicted that it affects 1% of the global population and its incidence rate is increasing. Celiac disease is closely related to Turner's syndrome, type I diabetes mellitus, Down's syndrome, and other autoimmune conditions and most people with the...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Biotechnol Source Type: research
In this study we inoculated ground chicken meat with 25 individual isolates of clinical uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) and newborn meningitis causing E. coli (NMEC), isolates from retail chicken meat (CM), as well as retail chicken-skin isolates identified in our laboratory (CS). We then determined their gamma radiation inactivation kinetics (D10-value). The mean D10-value for all isolates (n = 25) was 0.30 kGy. The mean D10-value for the UPEC, NMEC, CM, and CS isolates were 0.25, 0.29, 0.29, and 0.39 kGy, respectively. The mean D10-value for the clinical isolates was 0.27 kGy vs. 0.34 kGy for the non-clinical is...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data show how oncogenic and tumor-suppressive drivers of cellular senescence act to regulate surveillance processes that can be circumvented to enable SnCs to elude immune recognition but can be reversed by cell surface-targeted interventions to purge the SnCs that persist in vitro and in patients. Since eliminating SnCs can prevent tumor progression, delay the onset of degenerative diseases, and restore fitness; since NKG2D-Ls are not widely expressed in healthy human tissues and NKG2D-L shedding is an evasion mechanism also employed by tumor cells; and since increasing numbers of B cells express NKG2D ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The gut microbiome is influential on the progression of health, perhaps to a similar degree as regular moderate exercise. Age-related changes in these microbial populations can promote chronic inflammation and tissue dysfunction, though the direction of causation is still up for debate when it comes to many of the details of the relationship between tissue and immune issues in the intestine and an altered gut microbiome. Nonetheless, less desirable microbes undertake activities that can raise the risk of cancer resulting from inflammation of the intestines, occurring in conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease. Resear...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Detection of IL-18 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in human oral epithelial cells induced by Campylobacter concisus strains. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Aug 07;: Authors: Chen J, Liu F, Lee SA, Chen S, Zhou X, Ye P, Riordan SM, Liu L, Zhang L Abstract Campylobacter concisus is an emerging bacterial pathogen that may play a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease and oral inflammatory conditions such as periodontal disease. To elucidate the role and pathogenic mechanisms of C. concisus in contributing to oral inflammation, this study examined the production of IL-1 family proinf...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
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