Anemia During Pregnancy Tied to Higher Odds for Autism, ADHD in Kids

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 -- Women who suffer from anemia early in pregnancy are at risk for having a child with autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and intellectual disabilities, a study by Swedish researchers suggests. The study...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore interactions between limited English proficiency (LEP) status, as a function of risk status (low math performance at the start of the school year), on computation and word-problem solving performance. Among 260 1st-grade students, classified as at-risk (AR) or not at-risk (NAR) for math disability, we compared the performance of LEP students to native English-speaking peers. A series of 2-way ANOVAs were conducted on computation and word-problem solving skill at 2 time points, fall and spring of 1st-grade. On fall computation measures, there was no main effect for ...
Source: Learning Disability Quarterly - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Learn Disabil Q Source Type: research
In this study, a new approach is proposed based on the combination of some non-linear features to distinguish ADHD from normal children. Lyapunov exponent, fractal dimension, correlation dimension and sample, fuzzy and approximate entropies are the non-linear extracted features. For computing, the chaotic time series of obtained EEG in the brain frontal lobe (FP1, FP2, F3, F4, and Fz) need to be analysed. Experiments on a set of EEG signal obtained from 50 ADHD and 26 normal cases yielded a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 98, 92.31, and 96.05%, respectively. The obtained accuracy provides a significant improvemen...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the functional role of LncRNA CRNDE in PE pathogenesis and its effects on trophoblasts. mRNA levels of CRNDE and miR-1277 in placenta tissues and HTR-8/SVneo cells were analyzed by qRT-PCR. Western blot was carried out to evaluate protein level of E-cadherin, β-Catenin, Vimentin, MMP2 and MMP9. Cell proliferation was assessed by using CCK-8 assay and colony formation assay, whereas cell migration and invasion were evaluated by wound healing assay and transwell assay, respectively. Moreover, the interrelation between CRNDE and miR-1277 was verified by dual luciferase reporter assay. The r...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the phenotypic feature of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in MS patients and found that the patients exhibited an increase in the frequency of B cells, but a markedly decrease in frequency of CD5+ and IL-10+ B cells compared to healthy controls. Infusion of MSCs exhibited a significant therapeutic effect on the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice, infiltration of mononuclear cells and demyelination of the spinal cords were both reduced in CNS of the mice, the frequency of CD5+ IL-10+ B cells in the mice was significantly increased. Additionally, when PBMCs or B cells f...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we have demonstrated that PEP may be a candidate drug for the treatment of GDM and guide the clinical therapy. PMID: 31632524 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
In this study, electron microscopy was utilized to observe the exosomes present in the urine samples collected from both ICP patients and healthy pregnant women. Real-time PCR and area under curve (AUC) analysis were performed to predict the values of several miRNAs in the diagnosis of ICP. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase assays were conducted to identify the target genes of miR-21, miR-29a and miR-590-3p, whose regulatory relationships were then established using real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay and Western Blot. In the exosomes isolated from urine samples, several miRNAs, including miR-21, miR-29a a...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study indicated that lncRNA ROR could promote the cerebral H/R injury by inhibiting the expression of miR-135a-5p or upregulating the expression of ROCK1/2. And, miR-135a-5p overexpression could improve the cerebral H/R injury by inhibiting the expression of ROCK1/2. PMID: 31632583 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
In this study, we deleted Ctcf specifically in neural crest cells, the multipotent cells that give rise to many structures of the skeleton and connective tissues in the developing head. Although the pharyngeal arches were initially morphologically normal, many of the neural crest cell-derived skeletal and non-skeletal components were truncated in the Wnt1-Cre; Ctcffl/fl mutant mice. The expression level of chondrogenic and osteogenic-related genes were significantly decreased. Our results implicate CTCF in two distinct events in craniofacial development; first, in the regulation of outgrowth and morphogenesis by cell survi...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the clinical effect of ASB treatment in TKA or THA on hospital outcomes. Methods: A retrospective evaluation of patients undergoing TKA or THA with the presence of ASB was conducted. Inclusion criteria were TKA or THA and presence of ASB. Patients were excluded if symptomatic, receiving nonspecified antibiotics, catheterized, or pregnant. The primary outcome was comparing differences in time from admission to TKA or THA procedure in groups treated for ASB versus an untreated group. Secondary outcomes were length of stay (LOS) and rates of SJI. Results: A total of 1683 patients were scree...
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 -- Anemia diagnosed during the first 30 weeks of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and intellectual disability (ID),...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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