Sugar consumption and type 2 diabetes in the united states

Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums

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In conclusion, these results revealed that Nrg4 may effectively ameliorates TIF and attenuate the expression of AGEs in DN through TNF-R1 signaling instead of TNF-R2 signaling. We have provided evidence indicating that Nrg4 possesses therapeutic effect on TIF in DN. PMID: 31632525 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we have demonstrated that PEP may be a candidate drug for the treatment of GDM and guide the clinical therapy. PMID: 31632524 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Ding X, Yang L, Hu Y, Yu J, Tang Y, Luo D, Zheng L Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a leading cause of osteoporosis, remains a contraindication for bone implant therapy. Although associated with side effects when systemically administered, biphosphonates (BPs) play a positive role in diabetic osteoporosis treatment. We hypothesized that local BP therapy would prevent decayed implant osseointegration under T2DM conditions. To assess cell proliferation and determine the optimal BP concentration, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) were treated with B...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisDietary recommendations for treating type 2 diabetes are unclear but a trend towards recommending a diet reduced in carbohydrate content is acknowledged. We compared a carbohydrate-reduced high-protein (CRHP) diet with an iso-energetic conventional diabetes (CD) diet to elucidate the effects on glycaemic control and selected cardiovascular risk markers during 6  weeks of full food provision of each diet.MethodsThe primary outcome of the study was change in HbA1c. Secondary outcomes reported in the present paper include glycaemic variables, ectopic fat content and 24  h blood pressure. Eligi...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractReciprocal signalling between the endothelium and the pancreatic epithelium is crucial for coordinated differentiation of the embryonic endocrine and exocrine pancreas. In the adult pancreas, islets depend on their dense capillary network to adequately respond to changes in plasma glucose levels. Vascular changes contribute to the onset and progression of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Impaired revascularisation of islets transplanted in individuals with type 1 diabetes is linked to islet graft failure and graft loss. This review summarises our understanding of the role of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VE...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationMany lncRNAs have been found to bind to the same chromatin modifying complexes. Thus, there is likely to exist sufficient redundancy in the system that the biological effects of dysregulated lncRNAs in kidney disease may often be inconsequential. The example of the archetypal scaffold lncRNA, HOTAIR, illustrates how lncRNA dysregulation may be a bystander in DKD without necessarily contributing to the pathogenesis of the condition. In the absence of in vivo validation, caution should be taken before ascribing major functional roles to single lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractZinc transporter 8 (ZnT8), a protein highly specific to pancreatic insulin-producing beta cells, is vital for the biosynthesis and secretion of insulin. ZnT8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A) are among the most recently discovered and least-characterised islet autoantibodies. In combination with autoantibodies to several other islet antigens, including insulin, ZnT8A help predict risk of future type 1 diabetes. Often, ZnT8A appear later in the pathogenic process leading to type 1 diabetes, suggesting that the antigen is recognised as part of the spreading, rather than the initial, autoimmune response. The development of autoa...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationThese results indicate thatLight deficiency in HFHCD improves hepatic glucose tolerance, and reduces hepatic inflammation and NAFL. This is accompanied by decreased systemic inflammation and adipose tissue cytokine secretion and by changes in the expression of key genes such asKlf6 andTlr4 involved in NAFLD. These results suggest that therapies to block LIGHT-dependent signalling might be useful to restore hepatic homeostasis and to restrain NAFLD.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationOur data show that type 2 diabetes differentially affects the numbers of AVP- and VIP-expressing neurons and GFAP-ir astroglial cells in the SCN, each of which could affect the daily rhythmicity of the SCN biological clock machinery. Therefore, for effectively treating type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes and/or medication to normalise central biological clock functioning might be helpful.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the possible additional benefits of applying PBMT with nonsurgical periodontal treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). Twenty-two type 2 DM patients with CP were enrolled in this clinical split-mouth study. Probing pocket depth (PPD), gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured by intracaliber clinician (H.G.) at baseline and at 1 m, 3 m, and 6 m after treatment. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were collected at baseline and at 1 week and 1 m, 3 m, and 6 m after treatment. According to spli...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
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