Myriad facades of keratocanthoma: benignity vs malignancy

Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial ResearchAuthor(s): Pooja Sharma, Anjali Narwal, Mala KambojAbstractKeratoacanthoma (KA) is a self- limiting benign epithelial neoplasm. It occurs predominantly on sun- exposed areas of the body and is believed to arise from hair follicle. It shows a unique behavior in being clinically benign and microscopically malignant. Earlier it was considered as a pseudomalignant lesion but now it is believed to be pseudobenign in nature. The most common concern is related to its nosological position at the border of malignancy and benignity. We hereby report a rare case of keratoacanthomatous type of squamous cell carcinoma in an elderly female showing aggressive nature of the lesion. The various terminologies used for KA in the past have also been tabulated.
Source: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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Publication date: January 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 55Author(s): Archana Nawandhar, Navin Kumar, Veena R, Lakshmi YamujalaAbstractSquamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of oral cavity is the most common among oral cancer patients. In this paper, we have developed machine learning based automatic oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) classifier named as Stratified Squamous Epithelial Biopsy Image Classifier (SSE-BIC) to categorize H&E-stained microscopic images of squamous epithelial layer in four different classes: normal, well-differentiated, moderately-differentiated and poorly-differentiated. Fiv...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsRadiologic and clinical characteristics of PIOSCCs are similar to those of benign odontogenic cysts and tumors. In certain cases, early-stage PIOSCC may mimic routine dental disorders, such as periapical and periodontal disease, which may lead to misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis. Clinicians must be aware that PIOSCC may initially present as a routine dental disorder, and that unsuccessful treatment may be a sign of underlying malignancy.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma is a rare malignant central jaw tumor derived from odontogenic epithelial remnants. It predominantly affects the mandible, although both jawbones may be involved.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Annie Wai Yeeng Chai, Kue Peng Lim, Sok Ching CheongAbstractOral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) are a heterogeneous group of cancers arising from the mucosal lining of the oral cavity. A majority of these cancers are associated with lifestyle risk habits including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and betel quid chewing. Cetuximab, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor was approved for the treatment of OSCC in 2006, and remains the only molecular targeted therapy available for OSCC. Here, we reviewed the current ...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Sixteen new analogues were synthesized from ricinine and tested alongside with seven known analogues for their cytotoxic activity against oral cancer (SAS cells) and normal epithelial cells (L132 cells). In contrast to 5-FU, the synthesized ricinine analogues did not show toxicity to normal cells. However, some of them inhibited the proliferation of oral cancer cells at 25 µM as evident from the MTT assay results. Ricinine analogue (19) was shown to be the most active derivative (69.22% inhibition). Potential targets involved in the oral cancer inhibitory activity of compound 19 were investig...
Source: Natural Product Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research
Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have shown a promising prognostic value in many epithelial cancers. We sought to assess the prognostic value of TILs in a multicenter cohort of early oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). The percentage of TILs was assessed on the surgical resection slides stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The assessment of TILs was performed in the stromal compartment and in the intraepithelial compartment (at the invasive front and at the center of the tumor). We followed the method that was described recently by the International Immuno-Oncology Biomarker Working Group for the assessment of...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 171Author(s): S. Peralta, J.K. Grenier, A.L. McCleary-Wheeler, G.E. DuhamelSummaryCanine acanthomatous ameloblastoma (CAA) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are the most common oral tumours of epithelial origin in dogs. Overlapping clinical, radiographical and histological features can make distinction between CAA and OSCC difficult. The ability to distinguish tumour identity is critical due to their different biological behaviour and recommended treatment modalities, as well as respective comparative and translational applications as poten...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Synergistic loss of E-cadherin and acquisition of vimentin are characteristic feature of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) which confers an invasive phenotype of epithelial cancer cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of E-cadherin and vimentin expression individually and in combination as a measure of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Expression of E-cadherin and vimentin through immunohistochemical analysis was examined in 200 patients with surgically resected OSCC. Combined E-cadherin and vimentin expression was evalu...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of human leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) in actinic cheilitis (AC) and lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC), and to correlate the findings with clinical (tumor size/extent, regional lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage) and histopathological (grade of epithelial dysplasia and inflammatory infiltrate for AC and histopathological grade of malignancy for LLSCC) parameters. Twenty-four AC and 48 LLSCC cases (24 with regional nodal metastasis and 24 without regional nodal metastasis) were selected. The scores of immunopositive cells for HLA-DR in the ep...
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Rai K H, Ahmed J Abstract Background: Epithelial cells typically express E-cadherin where as N-cadherin expressed by mesenchymal cells. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which epithelial cells lose their cell polarity and cell-cell adhesion, and gain migratory and invasive properties to become mesenchymal cells. EMT is typical for carcinoma cells during tumor progression and correlate with the local invasiveness and metastatic potential of the tumor. Oral squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm arising from the mucosal epithelium of the oral cavity. It can be classified...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
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