Demonstration of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale in pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) with pneumonia and airsacculitis.

Demonstration of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale in pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) with pneumonia and airsacculitis. Avian Pathol. 2013 Apr;42(2):171-8 Authors: Welchman Dde B, Ainsworth HL, Jensen TK, Boye M, King SA, Koylass MS, Whatmore AM, Manvell RJ, Ayling RD, Dalton JR Abstract Outbreaks of respiratory disease were investigated in reared pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) aged approximately 18 to 32 weeks, released into the semi-wild on four shooting estates in southern England. The clinical signs in the affected birds included swelling of the face and eyes, loss of condition, gasping respirations and coughing. The gross pathology findings included sinusitis, airsacculitis, pleural oedema and lung lesions. The histopathological findings in the affected lungs were characterized by a granulomatous pneumonia. Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) was isolated from respiratory tract tissues, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing on three isolates revealed two distinct genotypes, one previously associated with some electrophoretic type (ET) 1 strains and the other a novel genotype that clustered among sequences previously associated with ET 3, ET 4, ET 5 and ET 6 isolates. The localization of ORT within the lung tissue was demonstrated by fluorescent in-situ hybridization in the bronchial exudate of three cases, although not within the granulomatous lesions themselves. In each case, ORT was identified as part of a complex of other respiratory agents including avian pa...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research

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Urticaria is characterized by the appearance of hives or angioedema.1 Chronic urticaria is defined by urticarial episodes that last more than 6 weeks, occurring daily or several times per week.2 Although acute urticaria is commonly associated with infections,3 most cases of chronic urticaria have no identifiable cause. Nevertheless, several reports documented chronic urticaria from infectious causes including Helicobacter pylori.4 Studies show association of upper respiratory infections, including sinusitis, with chronic urticaria with remission after antibiotic therapy.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
De‑O‑acylated lipooligosaccharide of E. coli B reduces the number of metastatic foci via downregulation of myeloid cell activity. Oncol Rep. 2019 Nov 08;: Authors: Mierzejewska J, Szczygieł A, Anger-Góra N, Rossowska J, Jarosz J, Wietrzyk J, Kaszowska M, Maciejewska A, Jachymek W, Niedziela T, Lukasiewicz J, Lugowski C, Boratyński J, Pajtasz-Piasecka E Abstract Lipopolysaccharides are the main surface antigens and virulence factors of gram‑negative bacteria. Removal of four ester‑bound fatty acid residues from hexaacyl lipid A of Escherichia coli lipooligosaccharide (LOS...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
In this study, 6-deoxy-6-arginine modified chitosan (DAC), was synthesized and characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and elemental analysis. The arginine was grafted onto C6 groups of chitosan. Antibacterial activity of DAC against gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) and gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) were investigated at concentration between 0.02 mg/mL and 10 mg/mL. Cell viability assessment was estimated in vitro with Caco-2 and L929 cells. Water solubility...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
With more than 2,000 cases of severe respiratory failure--mostly among youth and young adults--and 42 deaths resulting from vaping-associated respiratory illness, one might expect that the House Energy and Commerce Committee would have donesomething to help curtail this outbreak when it voted yesterday on legislation to address the youth vaping crisis.While this week's newspaper headlines provided some information about the Committee's actions on the proposed youth vaping legislation--for example, that the bill, which bans e-cigarette flavors other than tobacco, passed by a 28-24 vote--those headlines only tell part of the...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
Contributors : Ariel Rodriguez-Frandsen ; Laura Martin-Sancho ; Anshu P Gounder ; Sumit K ChandaSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensInfluenza A virus (IAV) is a human respiratory pathogen that causes yearly global epidemics, and sporadic pandemics due to human adaptation of pathogenic strains. Efficient replication of IAV in different species is, in part, dictated by its ability to exploit the genetic environment of the host cell. To investigate IAV tropism in human cells, we evaluated the replication of IAV strains in a diverse subset of epithelial cell lines. HeLa cells ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
An outbreak of hepatitis A in Indiana, Nebraska and Wisconsin has been "potentially linked" to blackberries from the Fresh Thyme chain of grocery stores, authorities say.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Avian coccidiosis is caused by Eimeria, which is an intracellular apicomplexan parasite that invades through the intestinal tract to cause devastating disease. Upon invasion through the intestinal epithelial cells, a strong inflammatory response is induced that results in complete villous destruction, diarrhea, hemorrhage, and in severe cases, death. Since the life cycle of Eimeria parasites is complex and comprises several intra- and extracellular developmental stages, the host immune responses are diverse and complex. Interferon-γ-mediated T helper (Th)1 response was originally considered to be the predominant immu...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we generally found low ESBL/AmpC/Carbapenemase prevalence in E. coli strains isolated in Northern/Eastern Europe. However, several inter-country differences in distribution of particular genes and multilocus sequence types were found.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Treatment of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli intestinal infections are being hampered by the presence of the mcr-1 (colistin) and tet (tetracycline) resistance genes in these strains. We screened seven traditional Chinese medicines for their ability to synergize with tetracycline to provide an effective new drug for the treatment of animal intestinal diseases caused by MDR E. coli. Our primary screen identified quercetin as a compound that reduced the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tetracycline against the E. coli standard test strain American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) 25922 and clinical isolate...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionData from this large, long-term study indicate that the nature, character, and frequency of SAEs in real-world settings are consistent with natalizumab's known safety profile. (Funded by Biogen; ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT00477113 and NCT00483847.)
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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