Neuroticism Predicts a Long-Term PTSD After Earthquake Trauma: The Moderating Effects of Personality

This study investigated the relationships of earthquake-trauma exposures and personality with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to identify the long-term consequences of the Wenchuan earthquake on the survivors and the risk factors related to chronic PTSD. We hope the findings can contribute to developing new health care prevention and interventions for the survivors.Methods: We collected a sample of 490 people over 3 years after the Wenchuan earthquake, using questionnaires about demographic information and the traumatic experience in earthquake, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaires (EPQ), to find the consequences of the Wenchuan earthquake on the survivors and the potential factors related to the long-term morbidity of PTSD.Result: Traumatic experiences, such as witnessing someone being seriously injured, having your house seriously damaged, and having close relatives severely injured, were associated with developing PTSD. Personality measured by EPQ was also closely related to PTSD. Regression analyses indicated that a potential linear model characterized the relationship between PTSD, neuroticism and psychoticism, yet extraversion/introversion were not significant factors. In the multivariate logistic regression, neuroticism (a continuous variable measured by EPQ) was of more significance in predicting the morbidity of long-term PTSD, compared with other variables [odds ratio (OR) = 1.113, 95% confidence interval (CI) =...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of BATD across 2 DSM-5 diagnoses: major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: Participants were recruited from October 2014 to December 2017. Thirty-one participants were referred from primary care and consented to receive a 12-session trial of BATD. Participants endorsed criteria consistent with a principal diagnosis of either MDD (n = 20) or PTSD (n = 11). Self-report measures were completed at baseline and immediately posttreatment to monitor treatment progress in symptoms of PTSD and MDD. Results: Twelve of the 31...
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS TOS can be evaluated by CE-MRA, T2-STIR-SPACE, and VIBE during a single examination, with a reduced contrast material dose. This imaging modality performs well in showing the anatomical structure of the neurovascular bundle and the cause of the compression. PMID: 31600179 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Conclusions: In a longitudinal study, we observed an association between WTC-related exposures and post-9/11 self-reported hearing loss among disaster survivors.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Condition:   Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Drug: Brexpiprazole;   Drug: Sertraline;   Other: Placebo Sponsor:   Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development&Commercialization, Inc. Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Alcohol; Use, Problem;   Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Behavioral: Imaginal Exposure;   Behavioral: Alcohol Skills Training;   Behavioral: Supportive Telehealth Sponsors:   University of Washington;   National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Drug: Brexpiprazole;   Drug: Sertraline;   Other: Placebo Sponsor:   Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development&Commercialization, Inc. Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Alcohol; Use, Problem;   Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Behavioral: Imaginal Exposure;   Behavioral: Alcohol Skills Training;   Behavioral: Supportive Telehealth Sponsors:   University of Washington;   National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Drug: Brexpiprazole;   Drug: Sertraline;   Other: Placebo Sponsor:   Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development&Commercialization, Inc. Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This article explores the pathophysiology, identification, and treatment of military service –connected trauma-related and stressor-related disorders. Particular attention is given to trauma informed care, evidence-based practice recommendations, and the sequencing of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in pursuit of optimal patient outcomes.
Source: Nursing Clinics of North America - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Journal of Neurotrauma, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Neurotrauma - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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