Prescribing Patterns of Antihypertensives for Treatment-Na ïve Patients in South Korea: From Korean NHISS Claim Data.
Conclusion: We identified the physicians' prescription patterns of antihypertensive drugs for treatment-naïve patients. The findings of this study can lead to a rational, evidence-based, and cost-effective improvement of prescription patterns in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. PMID: 31534797 [PubMed]
This article presents a case study of surgical management of a Martorell ulcer in a 69-year-old woman with Liddle syndrome. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature of this rare ulcer occurring secondary to this rare cause of hypertension.
This study examined whether a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with age at onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in three racial-ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from 7,577 non-Hispanic Caucasian, 792 African American, and 870 Hispanic participants with clinically diagnosed AD were obtained from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center. Participants were categorized by the presence or absence of self-reported remote history of TBI (>1 year before diagnosis of AD) with loss of consciousness (LOC) (TBI+) or no history of TBI with LOC (TBI-). Any group differences in education; sex; APOE ε4 all...
ConclusionsThese findings imply that household- and village-level factors explain substantial variation in the prevalence of chronic disease symptoms and reported diagnoses in India.
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Cindy Yuan, Kirti Kulkarni, Brittany Z. DashevskyAbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the impact of comorbid conditions and age on mammography use.MethodsWe used data from the 2011 to 2015 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, which contained records for 40,752 women over the age of 40. Use was defined as a mammogram within the previous 1 or 2 years, analyzed separately. A logit model was employed to evaluate associations between use and comorbidities and age. Statistical significance was defined by a P value
Low socioeconomic status and patient questionnaires in osteoarthritis: challenges to a "biomedical model" and value of a complementary "biopsychosocial model". Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2019 Sep-Oct;37 Suppl 120(5):18-23 Authors: Pincus T, Castrejon I Abstract Modern medical care is based largely on a paradigm known as a "biomedical model," in which "objective," high-technology biomarkers guide clinical care, and most health outcomes are determined by health professionals rather than individuals, using drugs as the primary therapy. The biomedical model is spectacularly...
Conclusion: The prevalence of PAD in the Korean population was 4.6%. Old age, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease were significant risk factors for PAD. Further nationwide study is needed. PMID: 31620395 [PubMed]
Clinical / Medical
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Alexandra Pouliot, Riham Elmahboubi, Catherine AdamAbstractBackgroundAt one Canadian university hospital, pregnant women have been routinely screened for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with a 75g OGTT. Diagnostic plasma glucose thresholds were: fasting: ≥5.3mmol/l, 1-hr: ≥10.6mmol/l or 2-hr: ≥9.0mmol/l. In 2015, diagnostic thresholds were reduced to those recommended by the International Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG): fasting ≥ 5.1mmol/l, 1-hr ≥10.0mmol/l or 2-hr ≥8.5mmol/l. However, subseque...
CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates the antihypertensive activity of aqueous Asteriscus graveolens extract in hypertensive rats through activation of vascular KATP channels. This finding supports the use of this plant for the management of hypertension in Morocco. PMID: 31622225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This review explores the immunologic basis of pulmonary arterial hypertension, reviewing current trials targeting the immune system and the perioperative management of patients with PAH.Anesthesiology